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# Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 22:08
2
Hi e-gmat,

Sunspots, vortices of gas associated with strong
electromagnetic activity, are visible as dark spots on
the surface of the Sun but,have never been sighted on
the Sun's poles or equator.
(A) are visible as dark spots on the surface of the
Sun but have never been sighted on
(B) are visible as dark spots that never have been
sighted on the surface of the Sun
(C) appear on the surface of the Sun as dark spots
although never sighted at
(D) appear as dark spots on the surface of the Sun,
although never having been sighted at
(E) appear as dark spots on the Sun's surface,
which have never been sighted on

OG13 in rejecting (C) gives below reasoning:

Although typically introduces a subordinate
clause, which has a subject and a verb,but
here there is no subject and sighted'is not a
complete verb.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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08 May 2017, 00:47
Hi,I have a doubt in Choice D as comma +FANBOYS("BUT" in this case ) is used when you connect two ICs.But in choice D after "comma+ But" we have a Dependent clause. ?

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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08 May 2017, 06:15
1
SB0512 wrote:
Hi,I have a doubt in Choice D as comma +FANBOYS("BUT" in this case ) is used when you connect two ICs.But in choice D after "comma+ But" we have a Dependent clause. ?

Consider the idiom "NOT X, BUT Y". The comma before "BUT" is required for this idiom. The sentence in the subject question has the same structure as this idiom: only instead of "NOT", "NEITHER....NOR..." is used. So here the modified idiom is:

"NEITHER A NOR B, BUT Y".
Thus the comma before "BUT" is required.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2017, 23:40
How can I know which idiom of despite is used properly in gmat?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 06:24
chesstitans wrote:
How can I know which idiom of despite is used properly in gmat?

"Despite" can be used with a concrete noun or a present participle. A gerund is not a good fit for "despite".

"Despite covering the entire planet"... correct ( present participle).
"Despite ist covering the entire planet".. wrong ( gerund)

You will find standard usages of "despite" (and "in spite of") here:
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar ... nd-despite
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 09:44
sayantanc2k wrote:
chesstitans wrote:
How can I know which idiom of despite is used properly in gmat?

"Despite" can be used with a concrete noun or a present participle. A gerund is not a good fit for "despite".

"Despite covering the entire planet"... correct ( present participle).
"Despite ist covering the entire planet".. wrong ( gerund)

You will find standard usages of "despite" (and "in spite of") here:
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar ... nd-despite

Is usage of "but rather" not redundant?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 14:51
1
goalMBA1990 wrote:

Is usage of "but rather" not redundant?

Hello goalMBA1990,

Redundancy error occurs when two words having the same meaning is used in a sentence to express the same idea. For example:

1. Every year, she donates a good proportion of salary annually to various charities.

2. Although he was sick, but he attended the meeting.

As you can see, in sentence 1, use of every year and annually together leads to redundancy error because both the words convey the same meaning.

Similarly, in sentence 2, use of although and but together leads to redundancy error because both the words suggest contrast.

However, the expression but rather does not lead to redundancy because but presents contrast and rather presents preference.

The expression but rather is correct and idiomatic on GMAT SC.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2018, 11:37
2
Top Contributor
betterscore wrote:
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

Important: When a sentence begins with a with noun modifier (as it does in the original sentence), stop at the comma and ask the question that the modifier raises

So, once we read, Despite its covering the entire planet, we should stop and ask . . .

"What covers the entire planet?"

If the sentence is properly constructed, the part that immediately follows the comma will answer that question in a logical manner.

A) Earth...
Earth covers the entire planet?
Makes no sense. Eliminate A

B) Earth's crust
Earth's crust covers the entire planet.
Makes sense. Keep B

C) Earth's crust
Makes sense. Keep C

D) Earth's crust
Makes sense. Keep D

E) Earth...
Makes no sense. Eliminate E

We're left with B, C and D. So, we'll look for other issues.

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is
Here we have the NEITHER/NOR correlative
So, the parts that immediately follow NEITHER and NOR must be parallel
Here we have ... Earth's crust is NEITHER seamless NOR is it stationary
Not parallel.
Eliminate B

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is NEITHER seamless NOR is it stationary
This construction suffers from the same issue that we found in answer choice B
Eliminate C

By the process of elimination, D must be the correct answer.

ASIDE: Let's take a look at D for kicks.
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is NEITHER seamless NOR stationary
PERFECT - seamless and stationary are both adjectives.
Parallelism is maintained.

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 01:40
I do agree that D is the best choice. However, is it acceptable for the pronoun it to refer to a possessive noun ie Earth's crust?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 02:22
shahMeet wrote:
I do agree that D is the best choice. However, is it acceptable for the pronoun it to refer to a possessive noun ie Earth's crust?

Hey shahMeet ,

Yes, it is perfectly used in D. It is referring to "crust". And "Earth's" is telling whose crust. So, there isn't any issue with the usage in option D.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2018, 08:11
betterscore wrote:
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is ("Its" should be "It's" and Earth's crust should come after comma)

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is (neither is followed by an adjective but nor is followed by a clause)

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather (same as B)

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but (Earth's crust should come after comma)

Hence (D)
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2018, 07:19
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

====================================================================
A) - earth cant cover itself - illogical
B) - "the fact that" is redundant," neither_nor_ " is not parallel here
C) - missing verb in first clause , neither_nor_ " is not parallel here
D) - everything is absolutely perfect- CORRECT
E) - missing verb in first clause
======================================================================
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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30 May 2018, 06:15
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is - > What is its referring to ? and its refers to Earths crust and not earth . Wrong usage .

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary(Not parallel with neither ), but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary(Not parallel with Neither), but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather - Correct usage . The earths crust is what covers the entire planet and not Earth . Neither and nor are parallel to each other .

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but - The earths crust is what covers the entire planet and not Earth
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2018, 21:31
ChrisLele wrote:
First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) .

I like your explanations. Short and sweet.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2018, 15:21
1
Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a GMAT question that focuses on both modifiers and idiomatic structure! Let's start by looking closely at the original question, and highlight any major differences between the options in orange:

Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather
(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

After a quick glance over the options, we have 3 main things we can focus on:

1. How they begin (modifier-antecedent agreement)
2. Earth has a crust / Earth's crust (modifier-antecedent agreement)
3. not/neither seamless or/nor stationary (idioms)

Since #1 and #2 deal with the same grammar issue (modifier-antecedent agreement), let's start there. When we deal with modifiers on the GMAT, the first thing we should focus on is if the modifier is directly before/after the word it's modifying.

The modifiers at the beginning of each option are supposed to refer to the Earth's crust - NOT the Earth as a whole!

Here is now our options handle the modifier at the beginning of the sentence:

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather
(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

We can rule out options A & E because the modifier should refer to the Earth's crust, rather than the Earth as a whole. The Earth cannot cover itself!

Now that we only have a few options left, let's focus on #3 on our list: neither...nor. Since they all include the word "neither," we need to make sure they all follow this format:

Neither X nor Y
(where X and Y are written using parallel wording or structure)

Let's see how each option handles this:

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is --> neither X nor is it Y = WRONG/NOT PARALLEL
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather --> neither X nor is it Y = WRONG/NOT PARALLEL
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather --> neither X nor Y = CORRECT!

There you have it - option D is the right option because it uses the correct "neither X nor Y" idiomatic structure, and it uses modifiers correctly!

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2018, 15:12
Hi, the first "it" does not have a clearly mentioned precedent, is the option still considered correct?

Although [u]it[/u] covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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21 May 2019, 03:17
Aastha2807

Quote:
Hi, the first "it" does not have a clearly mentioned precedent, is the option still considered correct?

Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

It = subject pronoun can refer to possessive noun = Earth's crust as mentioned here
generis AjiteshArun chetan2u VeritasKarishma Hope my understanding is correct
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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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21 May 2019, 07:35
1
Aastha2807 wrote:
Hi, the first "it" does not have a clearly mentioned precedent, is the option still considered correct?

Although [u]it[/u] covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

Hi Aastha, this is one of those cases where the pronoun is used before the antecedent.

When a pronoun is used as part of introductory modifier (in this case Although it covers the entire planet), the pronoun (it in this case) refers to the noun immediately after the introductory modifier, in this case Earth's crust.

For example:

Although she knows most of the concepts, Aastha was not aware of this specific pronoun rule.

Here, she is unambiguously referring to Aastha.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses such cases (where Pronoun is used before the antecedent), its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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27 May 2019, 07:03
"nor+ a clause with inverted order" is used after a negative clause, or a clause with negative meaning
I do not learn French in a near future, nor dose my friends.
few persons learn French, nor dose my brother.

if you want to use neither..nor, we need a parallel pattern. this meaning the words following neither and nor must be the same
I learn neither French or Russian
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2019, 09:12
betterscore wrote:
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

Earth: The Making, Shaping and Workings of a Planet Hardcover – October 1, 1992
by Derek Elsom (Author)

Although it covers the entire planet, the Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but is fragmented into mobile semi-rigid plates. The seven giant plates and many smaller ones jostle one another continuously as they are constantly

Attachment:
01.jpg

Attachment:
02.jpg

Attachment:
03.jpg

Let's do it folks

Round 1 NEITHER x NOR y

B,C Eliminated. Well they are not parallel, so why bother

Round 2 MEANING BASED REFERENCE
Look dude earth is a planet, so why would it cover the entire planet?
A, E are out

Yay!!!!! we got a winner in two rounds
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2019, 09:12

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