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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not

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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 26 Oct 2018, 01:17
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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.


(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but


Earth: The Making, Shaping and Workings of a Planet Hardcover – October 1, 1992
by Derek Elsom (Author)

Although it covers the entire planet, the Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but is fragmented into mobile semi-rigid plates. The seven giant plates and many smaller ones jostle one another continuously as they are constantly

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Originally posted by betterscore on 27 Jul 2012, 09:31.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Oct 2018, 01:17, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2012, 17:04
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First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) :).
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2012, 09:41
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My Ans - D
Reason -
1) earth's crust should immediately follow the action i.e "covering the entire planet" because it is the one actually covering the planet.
2) Parallelisim - Earth's crust is Neither x, nor y, but rather z. X, Y and Z should be parallel.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2012, 01:42
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ChrisLele wrote:
First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) :).


Hi, here in the option D, isn't 'but' and 'rather' redundant ? :roll:
To me this sentence sounds awkward -> ".... seamless nor stationary, but rather it is fragmented... "
That's the reason I choose B, though the construction NEITHER X NOR Y was not being followed there.

Please clarify.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2012, 03:04
1
ankurjaini wrote:
ChrisLele wrote:
First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) :).


Hi, here in the option D, isn't 'but' and 'rather' redundant ? :roll:
To me this sentence sounds awkward -> ".... seamless nor stationary, but rather it is fragmented... "
That's the reason I choose B, though the construction NEITHER X NOR Y was not being followed there.

Please clarify.


Correct. I felt the same thing and eliminated D.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2012, 08:28
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Hi there,

Let’s examine Choice B:
Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is:
1. This choice uses neither X nor Y where X and Y should be parallel. However,
X = seamless (adjective)
Y = is it stationary (clause)
These entities are not parallel.

2. Also in a statement, a subject is followed by a verb. Here the verb is followed is by the subject. This structure is used in questions. For example: Where were you all this while? In this choice “is it stationary” follows a structure that is used in question.

Now let’s analyze choice D, the correct answer:
Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather:
In this choice neither is followed by “seamless”, an adjective, and nor is followed by “stationary”, another adjective. This choice is absolutely correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2012, 08:33
Dont you think but and rather redundant ????

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2012, 09:28
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shamilshah22 wrote:
Dont you think but and rather redundant ????


Hi there,

I would not say "rather" is redundant in presence of "but" because "but" presents contrast, while "rather" is used to show preference for one thing over the other. Another usage of "rather" includes expressing emphatic affirmation or acceptance. In this sentence, "rather" has been used to show that emphasis of the acceptance that Eath's crust is actually fragmented into mobile semirigid plates even though it covers the entire planet.

Take for example these couple of sentences from different articles published in nytimes.com:

1. There is no dialogue, no linear story, but rather an hour’s worth of scenes in which puppets illuminate an abstract cycle of poems.
2. Erik D. Prince, chief executive of Blackwater USA, told a Congressional committee on Tuesday that his company’s nearly 1,000 armed guards in Iraq were not trigger-happy mercenaries, but rather loyal Americans doing a necessary job in hostile territory.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2013, 14:44
hi,
i rejected D & E bcoz although(subordinator) and but(coordinating conjunction) can't go together.
pls help in this.

br//
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New post 04 Feb 2013, 06:49
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suryav wrote:
hi,
i rejected D & E bcoz although(subordinator) and but(coordinating conjunction) can't go together.
pls help in this.


Hi Surya and Aristocrat,

This is the sentence with the correct answer choice D.

Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather fragmented into mobile semi-rigid plates.

We need to understand what the contrasting information in this sentence is. The contrasting information is that although the earth’s crust covers the entire planet, it is fragmented and not seamless.

So here “although” is not used against “but” in that the two contrasting words are negated. ”but” has been used to express the contrast that the earth’s crust is not seamless but is fragmented. So there are actually two points of contrast –
A. Earth crust covers whole planet, but it is not seamless.
B. Earth crust is not seamless but is segmented.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2013, 14:09
despite +noun
is idiomatic

despite +doing

is not idiomatic

is that correct?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2013, 06:46
2
thangvietnam wrote:
despite +noun
is idiomatic

despite +doing

is not idiomatic

is that correct?


Hi thangvietnam,

1. despite + noun is a the correct idiom. Example: Despite heavy snow, we went to the concert.

2. depite + verb-ing (doing) is also a correct idiom where verb-ing is a noun. Example: Despite finishing all her work on time, Mary could not go to meet her friend.

Both these usages of "despite" is correct.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2013, 22:50
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In SC question, there are always more than one errors. This question is an oddies but goodies example of the use idiom "neither x nor y" and the use of "although" and "despite"".

Despite its covering the entire planet. Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has
a crust that is not seamless or stationary,
rather it is
>>> WRONG. right structure should be "not x or y, rather z"

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is >>>> WRONG. Right idiom should be "neither x nor y", not "neither x nor is y"

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust
is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but
rather >>> WRONG. Same reason as B

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's
crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but
rather >>> CORRECT. Right idiom "neither x nor y". The use of "although" is correct. After "although" always is a clause.

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, but >>>> WRONG. Because "covering" does not modify Earth, it modifies "Earth's crust"

Hope it helps.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 09:34
Despite its covering the entire planet. Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.
(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has
a crust that is not seamless or stationary,
rather it is
(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust
is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but
rather
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's
crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but
rather
(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

I understand that there is a dangling modifier in this sentence and hence D would be the most appropriate option. However, isn't "but rather" redundant?
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New post 03 Sep 2013, 10:44
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gmacmustbecrazy wrote:
I understand that there is a dangling modifier in this sentence and hence D would be the most appropriate option. However, isn't "but rather" redundant?

Dear gmacmustbecrazy,
That's an excellent question, and I'm happy to respond. :-)

Using "but" and "rather" together does sound very deliberate, as if the writer wants to make absolutely sure that we get the contrast in the sentence, but it's not actually redundant. This is a very subtle point. I don't know how much outside reading you do, but in sophisticated reading (the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Economist magazine, ...) you will find the "but rather" construction occasionally. Doing this kind of sophisticated reading, over and above your GMAT preparation, would probably be the best way to develop an ear for these very subtle boundaries --- here, for example, we have the mild inflection between appropriately emphatic vs. redundant.

Here's a blog about reading for the GMAT:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-reading-list/

Here's a free lesson video on redundancy:
http://gmat.magoosh.com/lessons/920-avoid-redundancy

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 22:23
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gmacmustbecrazy wrote:
Despite its covering the entire planet. Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.
(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has
a crust that is not seamless or stationary,
rather it is
(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust
is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but
rather
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's
crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but
rather
(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

I understand that there is a dangling modifier in this sentence and hence D would be the most appropriate option. However, isn't "but rather" redundant?


It made me spend some time with the question and spend some time with the definition of the word "rather". http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/rather

When the word "rather" is used to mean "INSTEAD", "but rather" brings out the intended contrast and emphasis both together.

I'd rather (=sorry :) ) be suspicious about the words "although" and "but" in the same sentence as redendant. But , not in this sentence.

I think the usage here very similar to NOT X BUT RATHER Y (more emphatic on the importance of Y) -- vs -- NOT X BUT Y (a mere expectation reset in favour of Y)
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2013, 04:03
Dear rockthegmat007

Thank you for the explanation. Made the usage rather clear now :)
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New post 13 Sep 2013, 09:44
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Hi TGC,

Let me try to answer your questions.

(1) “Despite” can be followed by a noun or verb-ing modifier. Take the following examples:
a. Despite bad weather. Jane came over for dinner.
b. Despite being the youngest in the group, Bob gave the best answers.

(2) It is NOT ALWAYS necessary for “Although” to be preceded by a clause in order to denote a contrast. For example:

a. Although simple, the outfit stands out in the crowd.

As we can see, “although” here is not followed by a clause. It is just followed by a word – small (an adjective = noun modifier). Now this noun modifier correctly modifies the Subject of the following main clause and hence, presents logical and unambiguous comparison.

So it is not necessary for “Although” to be always followed by a clause.

Now let’s come back to the official sentence and study the correct answer Choice D:

Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

When it comes to parallelism, we must be very careful in identifying the correct parallel list. We first need to identify the correct entities here.

This sentence is presenting a few characteristics of Earth’s crust. It:
a. is neither seamless nor stationary
b. but rather (is) fragmented into mobile semigrid plates.

In this answer choice all these entities are grammatically as well as logically parallel. The choice employs appropriate idioms to use these adjectives correctly to denote the correct comparison.

Note that “is” is not only applicable to “neither seamless not stationary” but also to “rather fragmented”. Here two verb phrases are parallel to each other.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2013, 12:19
Hi e-gmat,

Hi understood your examples and logically they are correct. However, I have read many explanations of OG12/13 and it seems that GMAC is a strong advocate of the idea of a CLAUSE, not any modifier, following conjunction "Although" . And many times this is the sole ground on which GMAC rejects an option as INCORRECT.
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New post 13 Sep 2013, 12:38
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Hi TGC,

Well, yes. In most of the official sentences, we see "although" followed by a clause. But I do not quite agree that even if "although" is followed by correct phrase that clearly shows the contrast, GMAC will eliminate it as INCORRECT. There has to be usage error in order to reject it as incorrect.

We can analyze a sentence if you have any to instantiate your claim.

Thanks. :-)
Shraddha
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not &nbs [#permalink] 13 Sep 2013, 12:38

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