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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks

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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer

(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by abhimahna on 13 May 2017, 09:40, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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"Rank of" unidiomatic...C is OUT
E, D and B are OUT - Diabetes is not plural (check the sentence, "its serious complications" means the main subject "diabetes" is singular)

I pick A. Straightforward - use simple present tense.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2005, 08:09
Wow!! I am pleasantly surprised to see so many responses already, and thank you all for giving me your explanations for choosing your answer. I will wait for a few more hours, before revealing the answer and the all important concept tested in this SC

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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2005, 09:35
first of I think we are talking about diabetese and its complications...so we have two subjects...therefore we need plural "are"...

I think D seems best...

in E it is in present perfect mood, why do we need present perfect when simple present tense would do...
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2005, 14:44
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Thank you all for your responses.

The OA is A. Most of you got the answer right. However, only Folaa3 and desiguy came close to getting the main concept right.

The CONCEPT
When the phrase following the subject is set of by commas, it indicates that the descriptive information conveyed by that phrase may be dropped from the sentence; it is not part of the subject

NOTE: The following words - with, including, accompanied by, along with, as well as, besides, in addition to, together with, do not create compound subjects

Together with, does not create a compound subject. Since Diabetes is singular, the singular verb ranks is most appropriate in the answer choice. A also correctly uses the present tense. "Only" is also correctly placed with precision next to the group of words it actually limits.

I have also listed a few examples below, so that you can understand the concept better.

Wrong: George Bush, as well as Dick Cheney, are politicians

Right: George Bush, as well as Dick Cheney, is a politician

Wrong: George Bernard Shaw, as well as Mahatma Gandhi and River Phoenix, were vegetarians

Right: George Bernard Shaw, as well as Mahatma Gandhi and River Phoenix, was a vegetarian

Hope that helps.

Best regards,
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer

I also come to A.

however, one question, pls help

in the pattern

X of Y, do-ed

if Y works, comma+do-ed modifies Y
if Y dose not work and Y modifies X, comma+do-ed can jump Y to modifies X

if Y dose not work and Y dose not modifies X, comma+do-ed can not jump

for example
diabettes ranks as the second most dangerous disease by IFO oganisation, supassed by X disease
is wrong.
(I never see this question on og). just for discussion.

pls, comment.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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subhojyoti wrote:
why not c? i was stuck betwee A n C..


hi,
you use present perfect tense when past comes in to present.
example: we have lived in the house from past 3 days..====>means from past ...till today we are living.

for stating facts you always use simple present .

Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only===> CORRECT USE AS ITS STATING A FACT.

(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed===>if you use HAS here means rank of DIABETES is constant always,...which is not the intended meaning...actually its a stated fact by THE AUTHOR......diabetes RANKS....BLAH BLAH..

HOPE it helps
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2013, 10:36
Darth_McDaddy wrote:
Its been a while since I have posted a question in these forums. I came across an interesting question in the OG 11th edition, and thought I should share with you. An important concept is tested in this question.

Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

Post your answers and your reasons for choosing your answer choice. Also post the "important concept" tested in this SC
Will post OA in 12 hours.

Thanks,
Darth


Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only

All,
Kindly help me to understand the role of modifier "surpassed only by heart disease and cancer"
IS it - 
a)  Diabetes  surpassed only by heart disease and cancer (ED Modifier modifying Diabetes ,Noun modifier)
 OR
b) Diabetes as a cause of death ,   surpassed only by heart disease and cancer ( Clause Modifier )?
i.e. the number of deaths caused Diabetes is by surpassed only by the number of deaths caused by heart disease and cancer .

If it Noun modifier than is it ok to put Noun modifier so far away from noun ?
If it is Clause modifier than Can ED modifier modify entire clause ? I thought only ING modifier modifies clause ?

Thnx,
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2014, 08:44
Darth_McDaddy wrote:
Its been a while since I have posted a question in these forums. I came across an interesting question in the OG 11th edition, and thought I should share with you. An important concept is tested in this question.

Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

Post your answers and your reasons for choosing your answer choice. Also post the "important concept" tested in this SC
Will post OA in 12 hours.

Thanks,
Darth


Diabetes is the subject, thus the verb needs to be in singular:

A) sounds good, let's examine the others before we judge this one:

B) wrong "quantity" of the verb, it should be ranks and thus B is gone within 2 seconds

C) "has the rank of" sounds weird, since this option sounds more or less like A except for the end split, toss this one out the window

D) Diabetes.. are is wrong, the verb should be is.. D gone

E) Diabetes.. have been ranked is wrong, the verb should be has been. E gone


Now, granted one could argue that I was way too rash in my judgment between A and C. Sure, A "sounds better", but how about if "only surpassed" is correct and "surpassed only" is incorrect? That's a good question, but when I read A i already KNEW that "surpassed only" is correct, thus I only need to spot a single weakness with C to eliminate it.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2014, 11:58
Every one answered correctly, but no one challenged the usage of ed modifier after comma; what ed modifier is modifying.
It is explained further on this thread.
verb-ed-modifiers-vs-verb-ing-modifiers-125611.html

It says ed modifier modifies the entire noun phrase "nation's third leading cause of death"
Technically surpassed is modifying death but logically nothing can surpass death thus as per the rule it can modify entire preceding noun phrase.

Similarly there is another question from Gmat prep: which is quite confusing as right answer is bit difficult to understand, modifier is preferred over verb, but all actions appear at same level and no cause or effect relationship appear b/w them.
found-throughout-central-and-south-america-sloths-hang-from-83510.html
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akhil911 wrote:
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

I understand why the official answer is correct in the question and dont have a problem is that.
However my question is regarding the usage of surpassed only and only surpassed.
As per the OG explanation , "Placed before surpassed , only would more ambiguously limit surpassed."
I am not able to understand this.
To give an example , is there any difference in the following two sentences.

1. Diabetes ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer.
2. Diabetes ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed by heart disease and cancer.

Kindly explain my doubt here !!!!


Hi Akhil,

Here's the difference in usage.

1. When "only" is placed before "surpassed", it modifies "surpassed".
2. When "only" is placed before "by heart disease and cancer", it modifies "by heart disease and cancer".

Where we place "only" depends on the intended meaning of the sentence. Let's look at a couple of examples before we address this question.

1. Yesterday, I went only to the museum.

Meaning: I didn't go anywhere else yesterday - only to the museum.

2. Yesterday, I only went to the museum.

Here, "only" modifies the action "went". So the meaning of this sentence is: I didn't do anything yesterday except go to the museum.

In this question, the writer means to say that diabetes is surpassed only by two other diseases in terms of the number of deaths it causes. So, we want "only" to refer to these two diseases, and not to "surpassed".

This is a fairly subtle differentiation in terms of meaning. In official sentences, there are usually other ways to eliminate options with such problems. For example, option C in this question can also be eliminated on the basis of wordiness.

I hope this helps to clarify your doubt.

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2014, 00:03
This sentence correctly matches the singular verb, ranks, with the singular subject, diabetes,and uses the present tense to indicate a current situation.Also Only is placed with precision next to the group of words it actually limits, by heart disease and cancer. Placed before surpassed, only would more ambiguously limit surpassed.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2015, 13:38
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
The V agrees in number with S (diabetes), surpassed serves as a modifier, and modifies the nation’s third leading cause of death. The sentence is correct as it is.

(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
This choice has a SV error. “only surpassed” is not the same as “surpassed only”, thus leading to meaning error.

(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
Has the rank of is wordy – ranks is better. Same meaning error as in b

(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
SV error. Are does not agree in number with diabetes.

(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed
SV error. Same meaning error as (c) and (b). use of present perfect is not needed when presenting facts.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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rahulsn84 wrote:
Shoumik wrote:
What if answer choice E was "has been ranked as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed" instead of "have been ranked..." Which one would you guys choose? A or E?


In this case too the answer would be A because in A we have active voice where as in E we have passive voice. In GMAT when we have to choose between AV and PV, AV wins.



This is most certainly not true. There is no reason to eliminate an answer choice for the sole reason of active vs passive voice.



Back to the question: the "only surpassed" vs "surpassed only" could be tricky, but if we have "only surpassed", it kinda sounds like diabetes only "goal" is to be surpassed by the other diseases. I don't know if that makes logical sense, but check this similar issue out:

I work out only on thursdays -- this implies that the only day I actually work out on, is on thursdays

vs

I only work out on thursdays -- this implies that the only thing I do on thursdays is work out
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2015, 12:16
Hi Folks,

Surpassed by..... is a participial modifier so it should modify a noun or a noun phrase.

Could you please tell me which is th noun or phrase being modified here.

I think its Diabetes.

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 10:15
kirtivardhan wrote:
How did you decide that " nation's third..." is a noun phrase.I often get confused while finding them.
I thought diabetes is getting modified

Let's analyze nation's third leading cause of death.

- cause is a noun.
- So, cause of death will also be a noun.
- third leading is just an adjective (an attribute/property/characteristic) of cause of death
- So, third leading cause of death is a noun (more specifically a noun phrase, because these group of words do not have a verb)
- Nation's is just making this entire noun phrase a possessive noun phrase.

Let's look at other example: India's third successive win in the tournament.

- win is a noun.
- So, win in the tournament will also be a noun.
- third successive is just an adjective (an attribute/property/characteristic) of win in the tournament
- So, third successive win in the tournament is a noun (more specifically a noun phrase, because these group of words do not have a verb)
- India's is just making this entire noun a possessive noun phrase.

Let me know if something is not clear.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2016, 06:44
Rahulvajpayee wrote:
Diabetes is singular so is ranks, hence answer should be A. Other options are wrong because of the singular/plural error.


Not all other options have subject verb agreement error. Option C has singular verb "has" for singular subject "Diabetes". However this option is wrong because the usage "has the rank of " is wrong: in such usage "rank" means "an official grade" (various ranks in military - rank of a sergeant, rank of a corporal etc.).
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New post 10 Apr 2016, 06:38
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
Tip: surpassed only..is modifying THIRD LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only-ok
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed-- S-V agreement issue; only surpassed is wrong
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed--GMAT follow the VAN rule as stated MGMAT so this construction should be avioded; has the rank of is not right; only is misplaced
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only--S-V agreement issue;
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed-- S-V agreement issue; only is misplaced
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2016, 05:47
The OA says that "only" should be placed after "surpassed", not before, because it limits "by hear disease and cancer", not "surpassed".

..., only surpassed by heart disease and cancer. ---> Wrong
..., surpassed only by heart disease and cancer. ---> Right

Could you please explain this observation in further detail?
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2016, 00:01
The idea is to place "only" as close as possible to what it's modifying. We're not saying that diabetes is "only surpassed" (as opposed to some other more extreme verb). We're saying that it is surpassed by two other causes, and only by those two causes. Take a look at these:

I only sing in the band. (The only thing I do in the band is sing. I may also sing in other contexts.)
I sing only in the band. (I don't sing outside of the band. I may also do other things in the band, such as play an instrument.)

The door can be unlocked only by someone pure of heart. (Only someone pure of heart can unlock the door.)
The door can only be unlocked by someone pure of heart. (Someone pure of heart can only unlock the door. Perhaps they can't open it or pass through.)

If these seem weird to you, it's because very few of us actually speak or write like this. I don't generally follow this rule in my own writing, as I find there are other ways to make my meaning clear, and I often find the "correct" version to seem awkward or stuffy. However, the GMAT didn't ask my opinion! ;)
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