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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation

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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2018, 07:55
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

Subject -> Diabetes -> Singular

Remove the words between the 2 commas and then read it.

One will notice that a singular verb will follow singular subject, which is happening in two options a and c .

Now between 'a' and 'c', will it be surpassed only or only surpassed ??

Surpassed only in 'a' means that only two diseases will surpass diabetes, whereas in 'c' only surpassed means that there can be more diseases than the mentioned two.

Giving the answer as a
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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2019, 01:39
GMATNinja EMPOWERgmatVerbal DmitryFarber

ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassing only

Why is verb-ing modifier wrong here?
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2019, 11:30
mallya12 wrote:
GMATNinja EMPOWERgmatVerbal DmitryFarber

ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassing only

Why is verb-ing modifier wrong here?
Thank You

It doesn't actually make sense, because diabetes isn't "surpassing" only the other two causes of death. Instead, diabetes is surpassed by those other two causes.

More importantly: that's not actually one of the answer choices! So why worry about it?
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2019, 01:50
Darth_McDaddy wrote:
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer

(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

I understand why the official answer is correct in the question and dont have a problem is that.
However my question is regarding the usage of surpassed only and only surpassed.
As per the OG explanation , "Placed before surpassed , only would more ambiguously limit surpassed."
I am not able to understand this.
To give an example , is there any difference in the following two sentences.

1. Diabetes ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer.
2. Diabetes ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed by heart disease and cancer.

Kindly explain my doubt here !!!!


some verbs in english is considered LIGHT in that they need another action noun or verb to be complete semantically
there is
have
take
are the Light verb.

light verb "have" in choice C makes meaning unclear besides wordy. diabetes can have / own the rank . this is unclear meaning, a nature of light verb. choice C is gone
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2019, 00:02
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
Here "together with its serious complications"," ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death" and "surpassed only by heart disease and cancer" are modifying Diabetes. however, It is not a full sentence

for example :- George Bush, as well as Dick Cheney, are politicians ---- "are" is a linking verb used to make it a sentence .
:- George Bernard Shaw, as well as Mahatma Gandhi and River Phoenix, was a vegetarian-----"was"is a linking verb used to make it a sentence.


why there is no need of linking verb in this answer choice A) to make a complete sentence?

need help on this GMATNinja ChrisLele sayantanc2k EducationAisle
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2019, 05:50
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Smitc007 wrote:
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
Here "together with its serious complications"," ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death" and "surpassed only by heart disease and cancer" are modifying Diabetes. however, It is not a full sentence

for example :- George Bush, as well as Dick Cheney, are politicians ---- "are" is a linking verb used to make it a sentence .
:- George Bernard Shaw, as well as Mahatma Gandhi and River Phoenix, was a vegetarian-----"was"is a linking verb used to make it a sentence.


why there is no need of linking verb in this answer choice A) to make a complete sentence?

need help on this GMATNinja ChrisLele sayantanc2k EducationAisle
Hi Smitc007,

Yes, surpassed is a modifier, but ranks is a verb here:
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer.

For example, in "the GMAT ranks ahead of the GRE...", ranks is the verb for the GMAT. More examples:

The economy ranks second in the latest surveys on the issues voters care about the most.
The students ranked the companies.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation   [#permalink] 11 Jun 2019, 05:50

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