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# Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of

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Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2007
Posts: 517
Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 27 Jun 2015, 11:15
2
18
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

76% (02:09) correct 24% (02:24) wrong based on 1264 sessions

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Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of extensive forests, but these forests have mostly disappeared and been replaced by peat bogs. The common view is that the Highlands’ deforestation was caused by human activity, especially agriculture. However, agriculture began in the Highlands less than 2,000 years ago. Peat bogs, which consist of compressed decayed vegetable matter, build up by only about one foot
per 1,000 years and, throughout the Highlands, remains of trees in peat bogs are almost all at depths great than four feet. Since climate changes that occurred between 7,000 and 4,000 years ago favored the development of peat bogs rather than the survival of forests, the deforestation was more likely the result of natural processes than of human activity.

In the ecologist’s argument the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is evidence that has been used in support of a position that the ecologist rejects; the second is a finding that the ecologist uses to counter that evidence.

B. The first is evidence that, in light of the evidence provided in the second, serves as grounds for the ecologist’s rejection of a certain position.

C. The first is a position that the ecologist rejects; the second is evidence that has been used in support of that position.

D. The first is a position that the ecologist rejects; the second provides evidence in support of that rejection.

E. The first is a position for which the ecologist argues; the second provides evidence to support that position.

Originally posted by nick_sun on 03 Jul 2007, 04:27.
Last edited by Harley1980 on 27 Jun 2015, 11:15, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Sep 2011
Posts: 321
Location: United States
WE: Corporate Finance (Manufacturing)
Re: Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2014, 03:32
5
A. The first is evidence that has been used in support of a position that the ecologist rejects; the second is a finding that the ecologist uses to counter that evidence. The ecologist rejects the common view about the Highlands' deforestation. The first claim supports main claim. After all, "however" indicates a change in direction.

B. The first is evidence that, in light of the evidence provided in the second, serves as grounds for the ecologist’s rejection of a certain position. OK - First and second bold support main claim, "rejection of a certain position."

C. The first is a position that the ecologist rejects; the second is evidence that has been used in support of that position.First bold face is not the position that the ecologist rejects.

D. The first is a position that the ecologist rejects; the second provides evidence in support of that rejection. First bold face is not the position that the ecologist rejects.

E. The first is a position for which the ecologist argues; the second provides evidence to support that position. The first is not the ecologist's argument.
##### General Discussion
Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2007
Posts: 517
Re: Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2007, 14:23
Congarts! Your answers are correct (unofficial answer is B). But why A cannot be the best answer choice, it fits well the BF passage!?!
Intern
Joined: 19 Jan 2016
Posts: 36
Re: Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2016, 03:10
The argument starts off with the conclusion. The however marks a shift in the position of the author. The 1st evidence along with the second is used to reject the position that humans caused the decline of forests.
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2016
Posts: 142
Re: Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2017, 03:51
The very first thing that you wanna do is find a conclusion, which is “the deforestation was more likely the result of natural processes than of human activity.”

Both the statement support what the author wants to say. So get rid of c,d and e. A, although little wordy, can be eliminated on the same ground.
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Dec 2015
Posts: 256
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
WE: Investment Banking (Venture Capital)
Re: Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2018, 21:27
1
Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of extensive forests, but these forests have mostly disappeared and been replaced by peat bogs. The common view is that the Highlands’ deforestation was caused by human activity, especially agriculture. However, agriculture began in the Highlands less than 2,000 years ago. Peat bogs, which consist of compressed decayed vegetable matter, build up by only about one foot per 1,000 years and, throughout the Highlands, remains of trees in peat bogs are almost all at depths great than four feet. Since climate changes that occurred between 7,000 and 4,000 years ago favored the development of peat bogs rather than the survival of forests, the deforestation was more likely the result of natural processes than of human activity.

* KEY:
- BF1 = EVIDENCE
- BF2 = EVIDENCE
BF1 & BF2 SUPPORT THE SAME IDEA: ECOLOGIST REJECTS COMMON VIEW THAT DEFORESTATION IS A RESULT OF HUMAN ACTIVITY

In the ecologist’s argument the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is evidence that has been used in support of a position that the ecologist rejects; the second is a finding that the ecologist uses to counter that evidence.
- Incorrect. BF1 and BF2 do not contradict each other.

B. The first is evidence that, in light of the evidence provided in the second, serves as grounds for the ecologist’s rejection of a certain position.
- Correct. BF1 & BF 2 are evidence. The Ecologist DOES reject a certain position (that deforestation occurred as a result of human activity)

C. The first is a position that the ecologist rejects; the second is evidence that has been used in support of that position.
- Incorrect. BF1 is not a position ecologist rejects

D. The first is a position that the ecologist rejects; the second provides evidence in support of that rejection.
- Same as "C"

E. The first is a position for which the ecologist argues; the second provides evidence to support that position.
- Incorrect. BF 1 is NOT A POSITION...it is EVIDENCE.
Intern
Joined: 14 Jan 2019
Posts: 14
Re: Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2019, 00:26
A. The ecologist rejects the common view about the Highlands' deforestation. The first claim supports main claim. After all, "however" indicates a change in direction.
B. Correct. First and second bold support main claim, "rejection of a certain position."
C. First bold face is not the position that the ecologist rejects.
D. First bold face is not the position that the ecologist rejects.
E. The first is not the ecologist's argument; it is evidence.
Re: Ecologist: The Scottish Highlands were once the site of   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 00:26
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