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Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A

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Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Sep 2014, 05:15
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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

39% (03:00) correct 61% (03:04) wrong based on 211 sessions

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Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management Aptitude Test), a decade-old standardized online-based aptitude entrance test administered centrally by CGI (Confederation of Global Industries) all round the year to screen in the most eligible candidates for their respective interviews. Latest statistics released by CGI show that the average error rate, a statistical figure to assess the difficulty level of a question and determined only after the number of respondents reaches at least thousand, of ten toughest questions in a sample group of MAT tests conducted within any pre-defined time interval not earlier than three years ago has never exceeded 70%. A particular question recently introduced by CGI in MAT was, however, found to have an error rate of more than 80%, attempted by approximately 5000 candidates worldwide. Hence, this question could be considered among the toughest of the questions to have appeared on the MAT. But, some respondents contend that the new question was indeed so tough need not be true as it is also quite likely that the official answer to the question itself is wrong.

Which of the following, if true, would most help to arbitrate the contention presented in the argument?

A. 95% of the respondents who got the question right scored at least 99 percentile on the MAT.

B. Statistics released by CGI have revealed that for any time interval put under consideration since the last ten years, the difference between the number of respondents per thousand answering the ten toughest questions correctly and number of those answering them wrong has varied between 200 and 650.

C. The average error rate of the ten toughest questions in any time interval, not later than three years ago, was approximately 74%.

D. As per latest records available by the CGI, most of the all-time toughest questions on MAT put to test, the error rate of which exceeded 80% but not 85%, have been certified as perfectly valid questions with correct official answers by more than one independent auditor.

E. Studies by certified psychometricians indicate that a question in any online-based aptitude entrance test cannot achieve a maximum error rate not lower than 80%, even after allowing for a maximum grace variation in error rate up to 5%.

Originally posted by itzmyzone911 on 27 Sep 2014, 00:47.
Last edited by itzmyzone911 on 30 Sep 2014, 05:15, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2014, 10:33
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Re: Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2014, 12:04
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Yes, I agree completely with carcass. Where did you find this question?

There are about a dozen issues with the question - answer B, for example, discusses a difference 'per thousand'. That difference cannot possibly be more than 1000, but the answer tells us it is "between 2000 and 6500". Not only that, but using the data in the question (a majority answer hard questions incorrectly), the difference ought to be a negative number.

But my most fundamental issue with the problem, and it's an issue in many prep company CR questions, is that the question asks us how to evaluate "the contention" in the argument. The argument does not make one contention - it makes several, so it's impossible to know what the question is even asking.

So it's not a question anyone should spend their time on, but I am curious to know where you found it.
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Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Oct 2014, 03:29
Hi Ian,

I am extremely sorry :oops: for the typo in option B… Actually I ended up typing the entire problem. Hence, the error in typing the extra zeroes. There was a typo in C too. It is 74% and not 84% .With due regards, I have corrected the errors in the original post.

Overall, I too found the problem kinda’ ……sensible but pretty challenging as the language in the stimulus and the options is very convoluted, which makes it extremely hard to interpret.

Here’s my analysis:

Sentence 1 (Background Info): CGI conducts MAT, introduced ten years back (an online-based aptitude test).

Sentence 2 (1st premise): Latest statistics released by CGI show that the average error rate, a statistical figure to assess the difficulty level of a question and determined only after the number of respondents reaches at least thousand, of ten toughest questions in a sample group of MAT tests conducted within any pre-defined time interval not earlier than three years ago has never exceeded 70%.
My inference: Error rate is a statistical figure to judge the level of difficulty. This figure, however cannot be constant for any question and will keep changing as more and more students attempt it. The error rate may increase or may decrease depending upon whether more students answer it correctly or not. This means that a question that was in the top ten tough question list in a particular time – frame MAY OR MAY NOT retain its position. Point is that owing to the dynamic nature of the error rate, we have a different combination of ten toughest questions for different time-frames of 1 month, 6 month, 1 year, 2 years or even 3 years (i.e. for different time intervals). Now, statistics indicate that in none of these different sets of toughest questions has the AVERAGE error rate climbed over 70%. Although, the individual error rate of the question at the top of the list could still be way above 70%, those of the others towards the bottom are so much lower than 70% to nullify the effect and bring down the average to less than 70%. Or in other words, the percentage of the total number of people answering the ten toughest questions wrong out of the total number of respondents attempting these has never exceeded 70%.

Sentence 3 (2nd premise): A particular question recently introduced by CGI in MAT was, however, found to have an error rate of more than 80%, attempted by approximately 5000 candidates worldwide.
My inference: A particular question introduced was attempted by 5000 respondents, out of which more than 4000 got it wrong. Note that the sample population of 5000 was well-represented as indicated by ‘worldwide’, i.e. the population belonged to different demographics

Sentence 4 (Judgment/Opinion/Intermediate conclusion): Hence, this question could be considered among the toughest of the questions to have appeared on the MAT
My inference: The fact that less than 1000 out of 5000 students could only manage to answer the question right INDICATES (not PROVES) that it is among the toughest. (i.e. it could potentially count amongst the top ten toughest questions for a statistical analysis yet to be carried out as it is just recently introduced.)

Sentence 5 (Counter premise): But, some respondents contend that the new question was indeed so tough need not be true as it is also quite likely that the official answer to the question itself is wrong.
My inference: The word ‘but’ initiates a debate with some respondents contending that the answer itself perhaps could be wrong and is a point of contention, referenced by the question stem. The sentence introduces another potential reason why the new question may probably have such a high error rate.

Question Stem: Which of the following, if true, would most help to arbitrate the contention presented in the argument?

We need to find an option that produces additional evidence to either support the contention or destroy it.

A. Wrong. Even if 4750 respondents who answered the question right scored 99 percentile on MAT overall, this does not really resolve the contention whether the answer is right or not. It could be quite possible that these respondents have actually marked an answer, which is actually wrong and all the 250 remaining respondents who got it wrong have marked an answer which is actually correct and also have scored 99 percentile or perhaps even higher than the 4750 respondents who got it right.

B. Wrong…Looks to be a red herring, anyways does not solve the contention of the debatable answer. What I could really make out is that this is a percentage trap. In essence, the option says that the maximum error rate of the ten toughest questions within any time band recorded until date is 82.5% and the minimum error rate for these is 60%.
Quite likely that the question which achieved an error rate of 82.5% actually had the correct answer marked. Hence, this in no way proves that a question with an error rate of 80% or above is necessarily wrong.

C. Wrong…Another distracter (I later began thinking that this question is testing quant more than verbal or anything else related to CR) :evil: …Going ahead, this option also does not resolve the contention whether the answer is right or not. In fact, the fact that the avg. error rate was 74% need not mean that none of them were above 80%. Quite likely that one of the ten questions had a 90% error rate while the others had way below 80% to bring the avg. to 74%. Proceeding ahead, the 90% question can be dismissed as right with the same reasoning as in B, thus intensifying the contention further.

D. Wrong. Same as B and states the reasoning explicitly to eliminate D.

E. Correct. It states that studies by certified psychometricians (those dealing with measurement of human intellect vide IQ and aptitude tests, or those who dealing with measurement of human traits and attitudes, etc….etc) state that any question can never achieve a max. error rate not lower than 80% (i.e. 80% or more), even after allowing for a max. grace variation of up to 5%. This means that no matter how difficult a question is, if it is presented to a well-represented respondent sample population of at least 1000, you will find that generally the toughest question will be answered wrong by at most 75% i.e. 750 people, not more. However, since the error rate is subject to fluctuations (as discussed previously), it will never exceed 79.99999……999%. (i.e. in any case, at least 201 respondents out of 1000 have to answer the question correctly, or else there is something wrong with the question). This proves that the answer to the new question has to be necessarily wrong as the error rate is more than 80% and resolves the contention

Originally posted by itzmyzone911 on 28 Sep 2014, 01:48.
Last edited by itzmyzone911 on 21 Oct 2014, 03:29, edited 6 times in total.
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Re: Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2014, 01:49
i am also curious about the source. though i agree that this question has issues but i am glad that this question has addressed one concern which the following question fails to answer:
Quote:
question Standardized Test Writer: The most difficult items on our most difficult standardized test average a correct response rate of 18%. But two questions that I have written are currently averaging a correct response rate of 7%, so they must be among the most difficult legitimate questions on any of our standardized tests.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the test writer’s argument?

A) The test questions are still in an experimental stage.
B) The test questions have not been vetted by any other test writers.
C) The standardized test writer is inexperienced.
D)No standardized test question with a rate below 20% is considered easy.
E) Both questions have multiple answers that are technically correct, but only one answer that is credited as correct.


the original question in this thread uses the premise: a statistical figure to assess the difficulty level of a question and determined only after the number of respondents reaches at least thousand, of ten toughest questions introduced not earlier than three years ago,---->this premise is very important, especially in a question that i have quoted. else it is almost impossible to eliminate option A in quoted question

Quote:
But my most fundamental issue with the problem, and it's an issue in many prep company CR questions, is that the question asks us how to evaluate "the contention" in the argument. The argument does not make one contention - it makes several, so it's impossible to know what the question is even asking.


i agree with you.
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Re: Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 12:33
This question looks like it is from LSAT and definitely not from GMAT.I have never seen such a type of question in any gmat practice book and think that it is a self-made question
W.R.T. correct answer i have serious doubt between options B and E
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Re: Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 12:41
I don't think such types are asked in GMAT.
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Re: Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 10:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Editorial: Companies worldwide have started adopting MAT (Management A &nbs [#permalink] 25 Jun 2018, 10:34
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