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Editorial: Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising

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Editorial: Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2019, 08:16
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  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (02:01) correct 53% (02:06) wrong based on 165 sessions

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Editorial: Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising persuades people that they need certain consumer goods when they merely desire them. However, this accusation rests on a fuzzy distinction, that between wants and needs. In life, it is often impossible to determine whether something is merely desirable or whether it is essential to one’s happiness.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the conclusion drawn in the editorial’s argument?

(A) The claim that advertising persuades people that they need things that they merely want rests on a fuzzy distinction.
(B) Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising attempts to blur people’s ability to distinguish between wants and needs.
(C) There is nothing wrong with advertising that tries to persuade people that they need certain consumer goods.
(D) Many critics of consumerism fail to realize that certain things are essential to human happiness.
(E) Critics of consumerism often use fuzzy distinctions to support their claims.

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Re: Editorial: Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2019, 23:03
Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising persuades people that they need certain consumer goods when they merely desire them.
In life, it is often impossible to determine whether something is merely desirable or whether it is essential to one’s happiness.
Hence, this accusation rests on a fuzzy distinction .

Conclusion : The claim that advertising persuades people that they need things that they merely want rests on a fuzzy distinction

IMO A
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Re: Editorial: Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2019, 23:43
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Akela wrote:
Editorial: Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising persuades people that they need certain consumer goods when they merely desire them. However, this accusation rests on a fuzzy distinction, that between wants and needs. In life, it is often impossible to determine whether something is merely desirable or whether it is essential to one’s happiness.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the conclusion drawn in the editorial’s argument?

(A) The claim that advertising persuades people that they need things that they merely want rests on a fuzzy distinction.
(B) Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising attempts to blur people’s ability to distinguish between wants and needs.
(C) There is nothing wrong with advertising that tries to persuade people that they need certain consumer goods.
(D) Many critics of consumerism fail to realize that certain things are essential to human happiness.
(E) Critics of consumerism often use fuzzy distinctions to support their claims.


The argument can be simplified as,

something that is essential to one's happiness - white area
something that is not essential - black area

Critics of consumerism insist on a grey area. Editor draws conclusion that there is no such thing as grey area, it is either white or black area.

The option that most strongly weakens the existence of grey area is the correct one.
Options C and D talk about something that is not in the context of the argument, so they are out.

We don't know if the critics imply grey area often in other contexts as well, so option E is also out.

Option B says that advertising attempts to blur people's understanding of white and black area that they start believing in grey area. This option stresses on grey area and in fact weakens the editor's conclusion. So this one is also out.

Option A most perfectly weakens the existence of grey area.

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Re: Editorial: Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2019, 07:10
Critics: ads persuade people to buy stuffs they don't need
Editorial: the critics' claim is flawed because it fails to distinguish between need and want ⇽ conclusion
Not easy to distinguish between need and want ⇽ premise

Structure:
Sufficient → Necessary
People buy stuffs they don't need → advertising
weakened by: want and need isn't the same, therefore reasoning is not valid


(A) The claim that advertising persuades people that they need things that they merely want rests on a fuzzy distinction.
Sufficient → Necessary
people buy stuffs they don't want → ads
weaken: fuzzy distinction
same structure as passage has, seems correct

(B) Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising attempts to blur people’s ability to distinguish between wants and needs.
Sufficient → Necessary
blur people's ability to distinguish → ads
sufficient condition slightly changed, statement cannot be inferred from the passage

(C) There is nothing wrong with advertising that tries to persuade people that they need certain consumer goods.
Sufficient → Necessary
persuade people that they need stuffs → ads
ads are all good to persuade people
answer choice reaches different conclusion
incorrect

(D) Many critics of consumerism fail to realize that certain things are essential to human happiness.
Sufficient → Necessary
human happiness → certain things
no ads in the equation. Answer choice just want to confuse you using random words from the passage.
negative

(E) Critics of consumerism often use fuzzy distinctions to support their claims.
Generalization.
Sufficient → Necessary
critics' claim → fuzzy distinction
invalid
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Re: Editorial: Many critics of consumerism insist that advertising   [#permalink] 05 Feb 2019, 07:10
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