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Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have

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Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2019, 04:43
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Question Stats:

41% (02:26) correct 59% (02:29) wrong based on 189 sessions

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Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have seen their crop yields decline. Many of these farmers feel that it would be too expensive to resume synthetic farming at this point, given the money that they invested in organic farming supplies and equipment. But their investments will be relatively minor compared to the losses from continued lower crop yields. Organic farmers should switch to synthetic farming rather than persist in an unwise course. And the choice to farm organically is financially unwise, given that it was motivated by environmental rather than economic concerns.

Which of the following is an assumption involved in the argument above?


A. Productivity does not increase with farmers accumulating experience in case of organic farming.

B. Continued practice of synthetic farming would not damage the ecosystem of agricultural fields to such an extent that the fields would become wholly or partially barren.

C. The farmers have retained, despite having shifted to organic farming, their synthetic farming equipment.

D. The farmers have access to sufficient funds.

E. Decisions with financial implications should not be motivated by economic concerns alone.
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Re: Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2019, 05:28
IMO B .


The conclusion is that

"farmers should switch back to syntehtic farming to reduce losses due to lower crops yields in organic farming "

So synthetic farming has a better crop yields ,hence more money



Here we can apply the negation test on each


A. It talks about the productivity of farmers .

This is out of context , we are talking about the crop yields


B. if we negate his statement then it will weaken the argument,

if they land turns barren, it will result in lower yields and the conclusion says that they should switch to synthetic farming due to higher yields .


we can keep it for now .


C. it does not have any impact on conclusion


D . Out of context ,
we are talking about the switch back to synthetic farming

E. Argument says environmental factors , this option talks something else . Eliminate


So option B is best choice

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Re: Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2019, 05:53
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IMO B

Only A and B are close

A. Productivity does not increase with farmers accumulating experience in case of organic farming.---
negated A: Productivity does increase with farmers accumulating experience in case of organic farming.----But it does not state the extent to which the productivity would increase, whether it will be to the amount equal or more or less in comparison to synthetic farming.


B. Continued practice of synthetic farming would not damage the ecosystem of agricultural fields to such an extent that the fields would become wholly or partially barren.
Negated B: if the ecosystem would be damaged than farmers wont be able to grow crops, hence there will be no crop, then no income,,means total financial loss
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Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2019, 01:30
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GMATNinja

Can you please help me understand how to regard an option as out of scope ?
For me the option that says " Farmers have access to sufficient funds " does not feel out of scope

below is my reasoning ,

conclusion says : Farmers should shift back to synthetic farming instead of continue on this unwise course

premise :1) investment required to go back to synthetic farming is lesser than the future losses incurred by lower yields in future
2) the decision to go for organic farming was based on environmental reasons and not economical reasons

now my question is , on negation the option says " farmers do not have access to sufficient funds" thus there is no question of making any investment to move to synthetic farming at all , since u need to have the necessary funds in the first place for you to invest for synthetic farming

so it is necessary to assume that farmers have that find to invest for synthetic farming even now , but arent doing it because it is expensive .
If they have no funds atall. they wouldn't be able to do it even if they wanted to

NOTE: I am struggling with considering options to be out of scope . is there any general rule or way to overcome this ?
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Re: Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2019, 00:42
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gmattodreamschool wrote:
GMATNinja

Can you please help me understand how to regard an option as out of scope ?
For me the option that says " Farmers have access to sufficient funds " does not feel out of scope

below is my reasoning ,

conclusion says : Farmers should shift back to synthetic farming instead of continue on this unwise course

premise :1) investment required to go back to synthetic farming is lesser than the future losses incurred by lower yields in future
2) the decision to go for organic farming was based on environmental reasons and not economical reasons

now my question is , on negation the option says " farmers do not have access to sufficient funds" thus there is no question of making any investment to move to synthetic farming at all , since u need to have the necessary funds in the first place for you to invest for synthetic farming

so it is necessary to assume that farmers have that find to invest for synthetic farming even now , but arent doing it because it is expensive .
If they have no funds atall. they wouldn't be able to do it even if they wanted to

NOTE: I am struggling with considering options to be out of scope . is there any general rule or way to overcome this ?

For starters, I wouldn't worry too much about this particular question. The GMAT spends literally thousands of dollars developing and testing each individual question; even the best test-prep companies can't compete with that. And in this case, I have no idea where the question came from -- it seems to appear only on GMAT Club, and isn't from a reputable source. So don't waste your valuable study time on it.

"Out of scope" is just a fancy way of saying that an answer choice is irrelevant to the passage. There's no general formula or rule that you can apply to determine if something is out of scope, unfortunately. There's really no way to avoid the work of determining how each answer choice relates to the passage. If the answer choice has no bearing on the passage and the question, then it's out of scope -- and obviously not the correct answer.

I hope this helps a little bit!
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Re: Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2019, 15:38
I guess were saying A is wrong because productivity could include livestock as well as crop yields? The farmers aren’t producing washing machines. And someone can correct me as I’m not an expert on this, but I’ve only seen synthetic agriculture used to refer to crops.

Pretty badly drafted question, tbh. I can’t blame someone for picking A.

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Re: Farmers who switched from synthetic to organic farming last year have   [#permalink] 30 Apr 2019, 15:38
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