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Figorian Wildlife Commission: The development of wetlands in

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Figorian Wildlife Commission: The development of wetlands in  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2019, 02:21
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A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

77% (02:25) correct 23% (02:23) wrong based on 93 sessions

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Figorian Wildlife Commission: The development of wetlands in industrialized nations for residential and commercial uses has endangered many species. To protect wildlife we must regulate such development in Figoria: future wetland development must be offset by the construction of replacement wetland habitats. Thus, development would cause no net reduction of wetlands and pose no threat to the species that inhabit them. Figorian Development Commission: Other nations have flagrantly developed wetlands at the expense of wildlife. We have conserved. Since Figorian wetland development might not affect wildlife and is necessary for growth, we should allow development. We have as much right to govern our own resources as countries that
have already put their natural resources to commercial use.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument advanced by the Figorian Wildlife Commission depends?

A. More species have been endangered by the development of wetlands than have been endangered by any other type of development.
B. The species indigenous to natural wetland habitats will survive in specially constructed replacement wetlands.
C. In nations that are primarily agricultural, wetland development does not need to be regulated.
D. Figorian regulation of development has in the past protected and preserved wildlife.
E. The species that inhabit Figorian wetlands are among the most severely threatened of the designated endangered species.

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Re: Figorian Wildlife Commission: The development of wetlands in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2019, 10:07
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Replacement wetlands will be built to offset wetland development. So, Wetland development will cause no net reduction of wetlands and will not threaten the species that inhabit them.

A gap that does exist is whether the newly constructed wetlands could accomplish all that the Wildlife Commission's conclusion suggests they will. Would the animals that inhabit those wetlands be able to move to the new ones, and would they survive there?

Let’s negate B: The species indigenous to natural wetland habitats will NOT SURVIVE in specially constructed replacement wetlands. The conclusion falls apart.

Maybe the act of being moved or some subtle difference between natural and man-made wetlands would render the slimy wetland species unable to survive the switch.

(A) is out of scope-the argument does not compare the impact of different types of developments.
(C) is out of scope. There's no discussion of agriculture in the argument.
(D) is out of scope as the success of previous regulations is irrelevant to predictions for the impact of the regulation discussed in the argument. If past ones had failed-i.e. if we negate (D)-it's irrelevant because those failed regulations may have been poorly designed.
(E) is out of scope. The argument does not mention how threatened the affected animals are.

Hence, B is correct.
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Re: Figorian Wildlife Commission: The development of wetlands in   [#permalink] 04 Dec 2019, 10:07
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