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# For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the in

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Current Student
Joined: 27 May 2014
Posts: 524
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the in  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2018, 09:44
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:10) correct 43% (01:35) wrong based on 14 sessions

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For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to P, inclusive. What is the greatest integer m for which 45^m is a factor of 48!?

A) 1
B) 2
C) 5
D) 10
E) 11

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For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the in  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2018, 10:12
1
saswata4s wrote:
For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to P, inclusive. What is the greatest integer m for which 45^m is a factor of 48!?

A) 1
B) 2
C) 5
D) 10
E) 11

$$45^m=(3^2*5)^m=3^{2m}*5^m$$

so to know the value of $$m$$ we need to know how many powers of $$5$$ are possible in $$48!$$, this can be done as

$$\frac{48}{5}+\frac{48}{5^2}=9+1=10$$. Hence $$m=10$$

Option D
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Joined: 26 Apr 2011
Posts: 60
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
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Re: For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the in  [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2018, 03:20
niks18 wrote:
saswata4s wrote:
For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to P, inclusive. What is the greatest integer m for which 45^m is a factor of 48!?

A) 1
B) 2
C) 5
D) 10
E) 11

$$45^m=(3^2*5)^m=3^{2m}*5^m$$

so to know the value of $$m$$ we need to know how many powers of $$5$$ are possible in $$48!$$, this can be done as

$$\frac{48}{5}+\frac{48}{5^2}=9+1=10$$. Hence $$m=10$$

Option D

Why you did not consider powers of 3?
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For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the in  [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2018, 03:39
1
MrCleantek wrote:
Why you did not consider powers of 3?

Hey MrCleantek ,

3 is not considered because out of 3 and 5, we will always have atleast as many number of 3s as 5s whereas the converse is not true.

Consider an example here: Let's say we have 20! and we need to find out number of 10s. Now every 10 will be composed of one 2 and one 5.

If you find the number of 2's, you will get 18

Number of 5's = 4. Hence, you can see we cannot have more than four 10s because we have only four 4s. Thus finding the number of 5s would do.

Does that make sense?

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For any integer P greater than 1, P! denotes the product of all the in &nbs [#permalink] 08 Mar 2018, 03:39
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