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Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which

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Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Dec 2017, 11:29
2
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A
B
C
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Question Stats:

58% (00:54) correct 42% (00:57) wrong based on 170 sessions

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Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which human beings are thought to have first entered the Americans, disappeared about 14,000 years ago when massive glaciers melted and caused the sea level to rise several hundred feet worldwide.

(A) are thought to have first entered
(B) were thought first to enter
(C) were thought at first to enter
(D) are thought of as first entering
(E) were thought to first enter

Originally posted by Ankit04041987 on 22 Jul 2012, 23:34.
Last edited by Abhishek009 on 13 Dec 2017, 11:29, edited 1 time in total.
Underlined relevant part
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2012, 04:08
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Ankit04041987 wrote:
Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which human beings are thought to have first entered the Americans, disappeared about 14,000 years ago when massive glaciers melted and caused the sea level to rise several hundred feet worldwide.
(A) are thought to have first entered
(B) were thought first to enter
(C) were thought at first to enter
(D) are thought of as first entering
(E) were thought to first enter


Meaning,

the sentence is stating about Bering land bridge, which got disappeared due to environmental changes BUT people still consider that human being beings first entered Americas over that bridge.

"were " makes the sentence as if people used to think that the humans entered Americas over bridge but NOT NOW.
so, "are thought" will be used because THOUGH the bridge is no more BUT people still think that the bridge was first used by humans to enter Americas.
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 10:54
Please Explain each answer option. Thanks a ton.

My answer choice is C. why not C ?
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 11:33
1
Ankit04041987 wrote:
Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which human beings are thought to have first entered the Americans, disappeared about 14,000 years ago when massive glaciers melted and caused the sea level to rise several hundred feet worldwide.

(A) are thought to have first entered
(B) were thought first to enter
(C) were thought at first to enter
(D) are thought of as first entering
(E) were thought to first enter


We still continue to think that : human beings entered ................
Entrance of human being : Past action, hence entere dis correct..

Nothing wrong with the original sentence, answer will b (A).
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 21:16
thevenus wrote:
Ankit04041987 wrote:
Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which human beings are thought to have first entered the Americans, disappeared about 14,000 years ago when massive glaciers melted and caused the sea level to rise several hundred feet worldwide.
(A) are thought to have first entered
(B) were thought first to enter
(C) were thought at first to enter
(D) are thought of as first entering
(E) were thought to first enter


Meaning,

the sentence is stating about Bering land bridge, which got disappeared due to environmental changes BUT people still consider that human being beings first entered Americas over that bridge.

"were " makes the sentence as if people used to think that the humans entered Americas over bridge but NOT NOW.
so, "are thought" will be used because THOUGH the bridge is no more BUT people still think that the bridge was first used by humans to enter Americas.




How to conclude that human beings are still considering that human being beings first entered Americas over that bridge.
Is there any hint in the non-underlined portion?
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 23:33
Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which human beings are thought to have first entered the Americans, disappeared about 14,000 years ago when massive glaciers melted and caused the sea level to rise several hundred feet worldwide.

(A) are thought to have first entered - correct
(B) were thought first to enter
(C) were thought at first to enter
(D) are thought of as first entering
(E) were thought to first enter
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2017, 18:55
1
imyuva, that's a good question. There's no clear indication that we still consider this to be true, nor is their any indication to the contrary. However, all of the choices that use the past tense are wrong for other reasons. Specifically, they all handle the "first entered" part incorrectly. B and C apply "first" to "thought," while E places "enter" in the present tense.
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which &nbs [#permalink] 30 Dec 2017, 18:55
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