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George Bernard Shaw wrote: That any sane nation, having

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Director
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George Bernard Shaw wrote: That any sane nation, having [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2005, 19:46
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George Bernard Shaw wrote: â€œThat any sane nation, having observed that you could provide for the supply of bread by giving bakers a pecuniary interest in baking for you, should go on to give a surgeon a pecuniary interest in cutting off your leg is enough to make one despair of political humanity.â€
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Director
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20 Sep 2005, 06:36
Very hard.

My rough guess is (C).

* You have to pay a baker pecuniary interest because he bakes bread for you.

* You have to pay a surgeon even though he cuts off your leg.

= I don't like my legs cut off, but still I have to pay.

(A) Dentists who perform unnecessary dental work in order to earn a profit.
> I don't like it, and I won't pay him. I'll sue him.

(B) Doctors who increase their profits by specializing only in diseases that affect a large percentage of the population.
> Not relevant

(C) Grocers who raise the price of food in order to increase their profit margins.
> I don't like raising prices, but I have to pay.

(D) Oil companies that decrease the price of their oil in order to increase their market share.
> I like cheaper oil, and I pay for it.

(E) Bakers and surgeons who earn a profit by supplying other peoplesâ€™ basic needs.
> I like satisfying my basic needs, and I am willing to pay.

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20 Sep 2005, 14:02
I think it will be D.
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hey ya......

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20 Sep 2005, 14:09
Clearly A for me.

The argument is that, as financial incentives to bakers produce more bread, financial incentives to surgeons would produce more surgeries. Shaw is arguing that this is inhumane and wrong.

A is the analogous statement. Clearly, the "more surgeries" in the original argument are only bad if they're unnecessary. So a dentist performing more dental work than necessary to earn a profit is similar to a surgeon cutting off unnecessary limbs to earn a profit.

B - wrong because doctors who specialize in diseases affecting a large portion of the population are actually helping more people, not hurting them.

C - wrong because the argument isn't against charging more to earn a profit, it's against unnecessary additional work motivated by profit.

D - this is a 180

E - this is a trap, I think, because while Shaw does say that bakers earn a profit supplying people's basic needs, he does not criticize them for doing so; he criticizes surgeons for performing needless surgery for profit.

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20 Sep 2005, 15:11
A for me, again, just as CLF said

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Director
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20 Sep 2005, 16:39
very hard question: I choose D

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VP
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20 Sep 2005, 16:41
what is the actual answer ? I can't make up my mind on this one...

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21 Sep 2005, 11:55
A for me too. But it me close to 3+ minutes to understand.

GA

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21 Sep 2005, 12:57
IMO it is E,
I believe the statement implies professionals of a nation serving peoples basic need should do it for reasons other than just monetary benefits...

I would have choosen A, if the question did not start with "Any nation", this argument cannot be used to single out Dentists....
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Director
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21 Sep 2005, 16:36
(A). Bernard says: Its not correct to cut ur legs to give surgeon an interest for surgery. Only (A) comes in these lines.

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Intern
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25 Sep 2005, 01:26
Another vote for choice A
It will be redundant to explain the incorrect choices as it has been beautifully explained in above posts.

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25 Sep 2005, 03:23
coffeeloverfreak wrote:
Clearly A for me.

The argument is that, as financial incentives to bakers produce more bread, financial incentives to surgeons would produce more surgeries. Shaw is arguing that this is inhumane and wrong.

A is the analogous statement. Clearly, the "more surgeries" in the original argument are only bad if they're unnecessary. So a dentist performing more dental work than necessary to earn a profit is similar to a surgeon cutting off unnecessary limbs to earn a profit.

B - wrong because doctors who specialize in diseases affecting a large portion of the population are actually helping more people, not hurting them.

C - wrong because the argument isn't against charging more to earn a profit, it's against unnecessary additional work motivated by profit.

D - this is a 180

E - this is a trap, I think, because while Shaw does say that bakers earn a profit supplying people's basic needs, he does not criticize them for doing so; he criticizes surgeons for performing needless surgery for profit.

I agree. A should be it.
Can we get the OA.
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26 Sep 2005, 05:23
I would go with D for this one....

Rahul-
OA/OE Plz.

Krishna

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27 Sep 2005, 09:55
I think is (A)

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27 Sep 2005, 19:44
I was stuck for a while with this question too, but as CLF pointed out, A seems to be the best option.
The derivation from the statement is that if you pay money to people for simply doing some things, they'll tend to do more of those things. Only A fits that situation.

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27 Sep 2005, 21:04

Can we get the OA/OE please.

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Senior Manager
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05 Oct 2005, 15:30
A for me , coffeeloverfreak explained it well.

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05 Oct 2005, 19:19
I'll go with E on this one. The rest refers to trades that are not easily supported for in the passage.

The passage says that bakers are given an incentive to bake because they provide a supply of bread. However, surgeons are also given an incentive and just because they provide a service that people need. This is reflected in choice E where it says bakers and surgeons earn a profit by supplying basic needs of people (bread, and health problems that require surgery)

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06 Oct 2005, 22:40
Shaw`s quote makes an analogy among different trades that perform unnecessary services to further their unsrcupulous profit motives.

My pick is A.

BTW: This should be either some sort of experimental or LSAT question.

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06 Oct 2005, 22:40
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