usre123 wrote:
Gita, Hussain, Inge, Jeong, Karen, and Leila are seated in a row of six chairs. How many seating arrangements are possible if Gita cannot sit next to Inge and Jeong must sit next to Leila?
(A) 288
(B) 240
(C) 144
(D) 120
(E) 96
Let’s first assume that the first requirement (Gita cannot sit next to Inge) does not exist but the second (Jeong must sit next to Leila) does. Then we can assume Jeong and Leila as “1 person.” So the number of ways to arrange “5 people” is 5! = 120. However, within that “1 person” the seating arrangement of Jeong and Leila can be either JL or LJ. Therefore we have to multiply 120 by 2 to obtain 240 arrangements.
Of course, the 240 arrangements we’ve obtained above omits the first requirement. So now let’s consider that requirement. However, more precisely, let’s consider the opposite of that requirement; that is, let’s consider that Gita must sit next to Inge. If that is the case, like before, we can consider Gita and Inge as “1 person.” So the number of ways to arrange “4 people” is 4! = 24. However, these “4 people” consist of two “1 person” entities: Gita and Inge, and Jeong and Leila. Therefore we have to multiply 24 by 2 (for GI and IG) and again by 2 (for JL and LJ) to obtain 96 arrangements.
Since we are really looking for the number of arrangements where Gita and Inge cannot sit next to each other, then the number of such arrangements is 240 - 96 = 144.
Answer: C
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