January 21, 2019 January 21, 2019 10:00 PM PST 11:00 PM PST Mark your calendars  All GMAT Club Tests are free and open January 21st for celebrate Martin Luther King Jr.'s Birthday. January 22, 2019 January 22, 2019 10:00 PM PST 11:00 PM PST In case you didn’t notice, we recently held the 1st ever GMAT game show and it was awesome! See who won a full GMAT course, and register to the next one.
Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52311

If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu
[#permalink]
Show Tags
26 Nov 2015, 04:47
Question Stats:
83% (01:04) correct 17% (01:57) wrong based on 109 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics



Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2175
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)

Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu
[#permalink]
Show Tags
26 Nov 2015, 05:37
Hundreds digit has to be 1 . So units digit needs to 1 as well And both Hundreds and Units digit needs to be 1 more than ten's digit The number is 101 Total numbers between 100 and 199 = (199100)+1 = 100 Probability = 1/100 Answer D
_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it.  Henry Ford The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long +1 Kudos if you find this post helpful



Manager
Joined: 03 May 2014
Posts: 62
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 680 Q48 V34 GMAT 2: 700 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.6
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)

Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu
[#permalink]
Show Tags
26 Nov 2015, 12:32
AnswerD Total number of digits=199100=99+1=100= Number of outcomes Numbers which fulfill given criteria= only 1 number=101 Probability= Favourable Outcome/Total number of outcomes= 1/100



EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Status: GMAT Assassin/CoFounder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 13361
Location: United States (CA)

Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu
[#permalink]
Show Tags
28 Nov 2015, 19:52
Hi All, The answer choices to this question provide some significant hints as to the possible outcomes that 'fit' the restrictions mentioned in the prompt. We're told to consider the integers from 100 to 199, inclusive. That is a group of 100 numbers, so any probability question that is based on that range will have a denominator that is either 100 or reduced from 100. Only Answers D and E fit that pattern. With those answers, we know that there is either one number that fits the restrictions (1/100) or two numbers (2/100 = 1/50). It's actually not too hard to find the integer that fits the description (since we know that the first digit has to be 1): 101. Since there's no other option, we have the answer. Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
_________________
760+: Learn What GMAT Assassins Do to Score at the Highest Levels Contact Rich at: Rich.C@empowergmat.com
Rich Cohen
CoFounder & GMAT Assassin
Special Offer: Save $75 + GMAT Club Tests Free
Official GMAT Exam Packs + 70 Pt. Improvement Guarantee www.empowergmat.com/
*****Select EMPOWERgmat Courses now include ALL 6 Official GMAC CATs!*****



EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Status: GMAT Assassin/CoFounder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 13361
Location: United States (CA)

Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the
[#permalink]
Show Tags
31 Mar 2018, 08:45
Hi ALL, The question uses the phrase "the first digit and the last digit of the integer are EACH EQUAL to "ONE MORE" than the middle digit." This means that the first and third digits are the SAME digit and that each is ONE MORE than the second digit. Given the range that we have to work with (101  199), the ONLY number that fits this description is "101." Since there are 100 total numbers in that range, the probability is 1/100 Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
_________________
760+: Learn What GMAT Assassins Do to Score at the Highest Levels Contact Rich at: Rich.C@empowergmat.com
Rich Cohen
CoFounder & GMAT Assassin
Special Offer: Save $75 + GMAT Club Tests Free
Official GMAT Exam Packs + 70 Pt. Improvement Guarantee www.empowergmat.com/
*****Select EMPOWERgmat Courses now include ALL 6 Official GMAC CATs!*****



Intern
Joined: 15 Aug 2018
Posts: 48
GPA: 3.5

Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Jan 2019, 08:22
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote: Hi ALL, The question uses the phrase "the first digit and the last digit of the integer are EACH EQUAL to "ONE MORE" than the middle digit." This means that the first and third digits are the SAME digit and that each is ONE MORE than the second digit. Given the range that we have to work with (101  199), the ONLY number that fits this description is "101." Since there are 100 total numbers in that range, the probability is 1/100 Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich I don't know if I am the only one, but I think the wording here is very weird... would the GMAC provide such a weird phrasing or is it just me? Best, gota900
_________________
A kudo a day...



EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Status: GMAT Assassin/CoFounder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 13361
Location: United States (CA)

Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Jan 2019, 16:29
gota900 wrote: EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote: Hi ALL, The question uses the phrase "the first digit and the last digit of the integer are EACH EQUAL to "ONE MORE" than the middle digit." This means that the first and third digits are the SAME digit and that each is ONE MORE than the second digit. Given the range that we have to work with (101  199), the ONLY number that fits this description is "101." Since there are 100 total numbers in that range, the probability is 1/100 Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich I don't know if I am the only one, but I think the wording here is very weird... would the GMAC provide such a weird phrasing or is it just me? Best, gota900 Hi gota900, When you approached this prompt, did you interpret the wording differently (and if you did, then what 'result' did you end up with?)? One of the great aspects about Quant questions on the Official GMAT is that they are written so that there is littletono chance for "interpretational bias." In simple terms, if you interpret a question in a way that is not correct, then the end result that you get to will NOT be among the 5 choices... meaning that you will then be able to deduce that you misinterpreted something. GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
_________________
760+: Learn What GMAT Assassins Do to Score at the Highest Levels Contact Rich at: Rich.C@empowergmat.com
Rich Cohen
CoFounder & GMAT Assassin
Special Offer: Save $75 + GMAT Club Tests Free
Official GMAT Exam Packs + 70 Pt. Improvement Guarantee www.empowergmat.com/
*****Select EMPOWERgmat Courses now include ALL 6 Official GMAC CATs!*****



Intern
Joined: 15 Aug 2018
Posts: 48
GPA: 3.5

Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu
[#permalink]
Show Tags
20 Jan 2019, 04:35
EMPOWERgmatRichCHey Rich, the prompt says: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 through 199, inclusive, what is the probability that the first digit and the last digit of the integer are each equal to one more than the middle digit?If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 through 199, inclusiveTotally fine. We select a 3digit integer, which will be a random integer that is located between 100 and 199. No problem so far. I'm cool as a cucumber. Next bit: what is the probability that the first digit and the last digit of the integer are each equal to one more than the middle digit?I underlined everything I have problems with. What this means to me: the first digit (needless to say that has to be 1, bc every integer between 100 up to 199 will be in the hundreds, so that's that) reading on: ... and the last digit are each equal to one or more than the middle digit. This bit is what gets me confused. If both have to be equal to one or more than the middle digit , why can't the last digit be 2? or 3? or e.g. 6? In my understanding, if we had, say, 1X2, then both, the first and the last digit could indeed be 1 OR MORE than the middle digit for the case 102, same would apply to 1X3 and 1X4 and so on... Nothing in the prompt gives me the definitive information (at least from my point of view) that the first and the last integer should be equal to 1. Best, gota900
_________________
A kudo a day...



EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Status: GMAT Assassin/CoFounder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 13361
Location: United States (CA)

Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu
[#permalink]
Show Tags
20 Jan 2019, 12:35
Hi gota900, The prompt does NOT state that the two digits are each "one OR more greater"... it states that those digits are "ONE MORE greater" than the middle digit. What is "one more" than 0? If there are 5 people in a room, then what would "one more person" be? If you have $10, but the shirt you want to buy costs "one more dollar" than that, then what is the cost of the shirt? In all of these examples, the phrase "one more" clearly means "add 1"... and that same meaning applies to this question. GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
_________________
760+: Learn What GMAT Assassins Do to Score at the Highest Levels Contact Rich at: Rich.C@empowergmat.com
Rich Cohen
CoFounder & GMAT Assassin
Special Offer: Save $75 + GMAT Club Tests Free
Official GMAT Exam Packs + 70 Pt. Improvement Guarantee www.empowergmat.com/
*****Select EMPOWERgmat Courses now include ALL 6 Official GMAC CATs!*****




Re: If a 3digit integer is selected at random from the integers 100 throu &nbs
[#permalink]
20 Jan 2019, 12:35






