brunawang
Can someone please help me? I don't know what I am doing wrong.
5C1*2C1* 4C1*2C1* 8C1=640, being:
5C1*2C1 - ways of choosing one couple out of 5, multiplied by 2C1 ways of choosing one person of a couple
4C1*2C1 - ways of choosing another couple out of 4, multiplied by 2C1 ways of choosing one person of a couple
8C1 - people that can occupy the third spot
Ok, here is what is wrong with your solution.
Say, the couples are (A1, A2), (B1, B2), (C1, C2), (D1, D2) and (E1, E2)
Now you cannot have 2 people from the same couple.
Two different scenarios in your solution:
You select one couple in 5 ways. Say you selected (C1, C2). In two ways you selected one of them. You got C2.
You select one couple in 4 ways now. Say you selected ((E1, E2). In two ways you selected one of them. You got E2.
You selected one person out of 8 in 8 ways, You got A2.
Your team (A2, C2, E2)
You select one couple in 5 ways. Say you selected (E1, E2). In two ways you selected one of them. You got E2.
You select one couple in 4 ways now. Say you selected ((C1, C2). In two ways you selected one of them. You got C2.
You selected one person out of 8 in 8 ways, You got A2.
Your team (A2, C2, E2)
Notice that they give you the same team but you have counted these two as different selections. Hence your answer is incorrect.
When making a selection, try to use 5C3 method. It helps you think clearly. You select 3 couples out of the 5. Now from each couple you select one person out of the two. So you get 5C3*2*2*2 - there is no double counting here.