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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58464
If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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1
10 00:00

Difficulty:   95% (hard)

Question Stats: 49% (02:13) correct 51% (01:38) wrong based on 144 sessions

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GMAT CLUB'S FRESH CHALLENGE QUESTION:

A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 21/49

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Intern  B
Joined: 05 Mar 2015
Posts: 41
Location: Azerbaijan
GMAT 1: 530 Q42 V21 GMAT 2: 600 Q42 V31 GMAT 3: 700 Q47 V38 Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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1
I think answer is A

There are 7x7=49 possible products

And 8 oh them yield negative integers

1) -10x1/5
2) -10x1/2
3) -9x1/3
4) -8x1/2
5) -6x1/3
6) -6x1/2
7) -5x1/5
8) -4x1/2
Intern  B
Joined: 02 Mar 2017
Posts: 11
Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 24/49
--------------
Total number of ways is 7*7 =49

Number of ways to select 1 number from A --> 7C1 -->7
For the product to be negative select a positive number from B > no.of ways --> 3c1 -- >3

Total possibility -- > 7 *3 -- 21

Probability is 21/49

But i am not able to find the answer in the question stem
Intern  B
Joined: 05 Mar 2015
Posts: 41
Location: Azerbaijan
GMAT 1: 530 Q42 V21 GMAT 2: 600 Q42 V31 GMAT 3: 700 Q47 V38 Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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Munch wrote:
A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 24/49
--------------
Total number of ways is 7*7 =49

Number of ways to select 1 number from A --> 7C1 -->7
For the product to be negative select a positive number from B > no.of ways --> 3c1 -- >3

Total possibility -- > 7 *3 -- 21

Probability is 21/49

But i am not able to find the answer in the question stem

]The question specifically asks for integers,
Intern  B
Joined: 02 Mar 2017
Posts: 11
Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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kablayi wrote:
Munch wrote:
A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 24/49
--------------
Total number of ways is 7*7 =49

Number of ways to select 1 number from A --> 7C1 -->7
For the product to be negative select a positive number from B > no.of ways --> 3c1 -- >3

Total possibility -- > 7 *3 -- 21

Probability is 21/49

But i am not able to find the answer in the question stem

]The question specifically asks for integers,

Oh ya!! thanks!! then it should be 8 .. I doubled checked the possibility to match the answer, but still missed the word integer..
Manager  B
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Posts: 71
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Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 580 Q41 V28 GPA: 3.8
WE: Project Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

I am not sure whether we should consider the product numbers of ‘0’.

Considering ‘0’ as an eligible possibility,
A X B will be -ve when, either A or B is -ve. Since all values for A is -ve, then all values of B must be +ve. In such case, only pairs will be -ve when value of B is 1/5 , 1/3 or 1/2.
For each A, there will be 3 Negative Values, i.e
A X B = -10*1/5 = -10/5 ; -10/3 ; -10/2
= -9/5 ; -9/3 ; -9/2
.
.
.
and so on.

Thus possible negative values will be = 7*3 =21

Total Possible product values will be = 7*7=49

Thus P(E) = 21/49. Option E is right.
Intern  B
Joined: 29 Sep 2017
Posts: 1
Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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1
The question specifically asks for -ve integers("0" is not a -ve integer). Now Set A has only -ve integers so we have to select only +ve fractions from set B i.e.{1/5,1/3,1/2}.
With 1/5 we can only select -10 & -5 from set A. So possible combinations : 1/5*-10 & 1/5*-5. Number of possible combinations = 2

With 1/3 we can only select -9 & -6 from set A. Number of possible combinations = 2
With 1/2 we can only select -10,-8,-6,-4 from set A. Number of possible combinations = 4
Thus we have 2+2+4 = 8 combinations
Total Possible combinations = 7C1 * 7C1 = 49
Ans = 8/49
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8017
Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH CHALLENGE QUESTION:

A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 21/49

Since we are looking for negative integer, we have to consider only POSITIVE numbers in set B as all are NEGATIVE in set A..
1) 1/2
This will give integers when multiplied by MULTIPLE of 2
So -4,-6,-8,-10......4ways
2) 1/3
Similarly when multiplied by MULTIPLE of 3
-6,-9.....2ways
3) 1/5
When multiplied by MULTIPLE of 5
So -5,-10.....2ways

Total - 4+2+2=8ways
Possible products = 7*7=49

Ans 8/49

A
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Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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chetan2u wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH CHALLENGE QUESTION:

A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 21/49

I missed the INTEGER PART Since we are looking for negative integer, we have to consider only POSITIVE numbers in set B as all are NEGATIVE in set A..
1) 1/2
This will give integers when multiplied by MULTIPLE of 2
So -4,-6,-8,-10......4ways
2) 1/3
Similarly when multiplied by MULTIPLE of 3
-6,-9.....2ways
3) 1/5
When multiplied by MULTIPLE of 5
So -5,-10.....2ways

Total - 4+2+2=8ways
Possible products = 7*7=49

Ans 8/49

A
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58464
Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH CHALLENGE QUESTION:

A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 21/49

_________________
SVP  P
Joined: 03 Jun 2019
Posts: 1755
Location: India
Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH CHALLENGE QUESTION:

A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 21/49

Total possibilities of AB = 7*7 = 49
Favorable possibilities of (A,B) = {(-10,1/5), (-10,1/2),(-9,1/3),(-8,1/2),(-6,1/3),(-6,1/2),(-5,1/5),(-4,1/2)} = 8

the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer = 8/49

IMO A
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Manager  B
Joined: 10 Dec 2017
Posts: 85
Location: India
Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH CHALLENGE QUESTION:

A = {-10, -9, -8, -7, -6, -5, -4}
B = {-1/2, -1/3, -1/5, 0, 1/5, 1/3, 1/2}

If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number is to be randomly selected from set B above, what is the probability that the product of the two numbers will be a negative integer?

A. 8/49
B. 12/49
C. 13/49
D. 18/49
E. 21/49

For negative INTEGER we have to only consider three positive numbers of set B as all the numbers of set A are negative. Since we are in search of an negative integer, it must be divisible by the number of other set.
For -10 we have 1/5 and 1/2 means (2 options)
For -9 only 1/3( 1 option)
For -7 No option
For -6 (2 options)
For -5(1 option)
For -4( 2 options)
Total options=8
one number from A 7c1 , and same for B 7c1
Total= 7c1*7c1=49
Required probability=8/49
A:) Re: If a number is to be randomly selected from set A above and a number   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2019, 03:49
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