Summer is Coming! Join the Game of Timers Competition to Win Epic Prizes. Registration is Open. Game starts Mon July 1st.

 It is currently 16 Jul 2019, 13:52

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# If k^(xy)=1, where k#0, which of the following must be true

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 03 Sep 2006
Posts: 733
If k^(xy)=1, where k#0, which of the following must be true  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 22 May 2012, 00:44
1
7
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (00:56) correct 37% (01:11) wrong based on 190 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

If $$k^{xy}=1$$, where $$k\neq0$$, which of the following must be true?

I. k=1
II. x=0
III. y=0

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II
E. None

Originally posted by LM on 26 Jan 2012, 06:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 22 May 2012, 00:44, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56244
Re: which of the following must be true  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2012, 06:52
2
3
LM wrote:
If $$k^{xy}=1$$, where $$k\neq0$$, which of the following must be true?

I. k=1
II. x=0
III. y=0

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II
E. None

Note that we are asked "which of the following MUST be true, not COULD be true. For such kind of questions if you can prove that a statement is NOT true for one particular set of numbers, it will mean that this statement is not always true and hence not a correct answer.

$$k^{xy}=1$$ --> 3 cases:

$$xy=0$$ and $$k=any \ integer$$;
$$k=1$$ and $$xy=any \ integer$$;
$$k=-1$$ and $$xy=even$$.

So if we take for example the third case: $$k=-1$$ and $$xy=2$$ then none of option MUST be true.

_________________
##### General Discussion
Manager
Status: MBA Aspirant
Joined: 12 Jun 2010
Posts: 133
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Re: If k^(xy)=1, where k\neq0, which of the following must be  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2012, 07:00
1
LM wrote:
If $$k^{xy}=1$$, where $$k\neq0$$, which of the following must be true?

I. k=1
II. x=0
III. y=0

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II
E. None

Bunnel if we take all the 3 statements together then can't that be an answer??
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56244
Re: If k^(xy)=1, where k\neq0, which of the following must be  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2012, 07:04
1
subhajeet wrote:
LM wrote:
If $$k^{xy}=1$$, where $$k\neq0$$, which of the following must be true?

I. k=1
II. x=0
III. y=0

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II
E. None

Bunnel if we take all the 3 statements together then can't that be an answer??

If k=1, x=0 and y=0 then k^(xy)=1^0=1, so this is certainly one of the possibilities (though not the only one: refer to my solution above). Also notice that we are asked which of the following MUST be true not COULD be true.

Hope it's clear.
_________________
Manager
Status: MBA Aspirant
Joined: 12 Jun 2010
Posts: 133
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Re: If k^(xy)=1, where k\neq0, which of the following must be  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2012, 21:21
Bunuel wrote:
subhajeet wrote:
LM wrote:
If $$k^{xy}=1$$, where $$k\neq0$$, which of the following must be true?

I. k=1
II. x=0
III. y=0

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II
E. None

Bunnel if we take all the 3 statements together then can't that be an answer??

If k=1, x=0 and y=0 then k^(xy)=1^0=1, so this is certainly one of the possibilities (though not the only one: refer to my solution above). Also notice that we are asked which of the following MUST be true not COULD be true.

Hope it's clear.

Bunnel thanks for the explanation. Got confused between 'could be true' and 'must be true'
Manager
Joined: 18 Oct 2010
Posts: 73
Re: If k^(xy)=1, where k\neq0, which of the following must be  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 May 2012, 00:40
a simpler way:

option 1) k=1 , not necessarily must be true as K can be 2,3,34, etc any number as long as either x or y is equal to 0 ( zero) ,

option 2)x=0 , doesn't have to be true because y = 0, and any number raised to 0 equals 1.so condition holds even if x is not equal to 0

option 3) y=0, doesn't have to be true as x=0 and the condition could still hold .

so we can see none of the options MUST be true , for the condition to hold .

Although Bunuel's solution is better a usual.
Manager
Joined: 22 May 2015
Posts: 123
Re: If k^(xy)=1, where k#0, which of the following must be true  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2019, 18:05
which of the following must be true? - This is a a very important part.

1) k = 1
Then definitely 1 ^ xy is always 1, but say k = 2 and xy = 0 even now K^xy = 1 . Hence K can actually take any integer other than 1. So k = 1 must be true is false, since K can also be 2,3,4 etc...

Following a similar logic the best option is E
_________________
Consistency is the Key
Re: If k^(xy)=1, where k#0, which of the following must be true   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2019, 18:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by