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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57022
If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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42 00:00

Difficulty:   95% (hard)

Question Stats: 53% (02:11) correct 47% (02:07) wrong based on 972 sessions

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If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?

(1) m has 3 digits.
(2) m^2 has 5 digits.

Data Sufficiency
Question: 104
Category: Arithmetic Properties of numbers
Page: 160
Difficulty: 650

The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition

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Originally posted by Bunuel on 21 Dec 2010, 14:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 01 Oct 2018, 03:30, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
##### Most Helpful Expert Reply
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57022
If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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10
33
SOLUTION

If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?

Pick some easy numbers.

(1) m has 3 digits --> if $$m=100=10^2$$ then $$m^3=10^6$$ so it will have 7 digits but if $$m=300=3*10^2$$ then $$m^3=27*10^6$$ so it will have 8 digits. Not sufficient.

(2) m^2 has 5 digits --> the same values of $$m$$ (100 and 300) satisfy this statement too (because if $$m=10^2$$ then $$m^2=10^4$$ and has 5 digits and if $$m=3*10^2$$ then $$m^2=9*10^4$$ also has 5 digits), so $$m^3$$ may still have 7 or 8 digits. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) The same example worked for both statements so even taken together statements are not sufficient.

Answer: E.
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Re: If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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3
Runirish wrote:
If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?
1. m has 3 digits
2. m^2 has 5 digits

How would you do this quickly? Is there a rule that I am unaware of? I could do it, but I had to pick a few numbers. Thanks.

as we know,

the minimum value of a 3 digit integer is 100 = $$10^2$$
the maximum value of a 3 digit integer is 999 = $$10^4 - 1$$
the minimum value of a 5 digit integer is 10000 = $$10^4$$
the maximum value of a 5 digit integer is 99999 = $$10^6 - 1$$
.
.
hence,
.

the minimum value of a $$n$$ digit integer is $$10^(n-1)$$
the maximum value of a $$n$$ digit integer is $$10^(n+1) - 1$$

Back to original qtn:

If m is a positive integer, then $$m^3$$ has how many digits?
stmnt1: $$m$$ has 3 digits
==> $$10^2 <= m < 10^4$$
==> $$10^6 <= m^3 < 10^12$$
==> $$m^3$$ can have minimum of 7 (i.e 6+1) and max of 11 digits (i.e. 12-1)
hence NOT suff.

stmnt2: m^2 has 5 digits
==> $$10^4 <= m^2 < 10^6$$
==> $$10^2 <= m < 10^3$$
==> $$10^6 <= m^3 < 10^9$$
==> $$m^3$$ can have minimum of 7 (i.e 6+1) and max of 8 digits (i.e. 9-1)
hence NOT suff.

stmnt1&2 together: We can conclude that $$m^3$$ can have minimum of 6 and max of 8 digits(i.e. 12-1) ==> m can have 7 or 8 digits
hence NOT suff.

Answer "E".

Regards,
Murali.
Kudos?

Originally posted by muralimba on 22 Dec 2010, 05:06.
Last edited by muralimba on 22 Dec 2010, 07:14, edited 1 time in total.
##### General Discussion
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57022
Re: If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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1
muralimba wrote:
Runirish wrote:
If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?
1. m has 3 digits
2. m^2 has 5 digits

How would you do this quickly? Is there a rule that I am unaware of? I could do it, but I had to pick a few numbers. Thanks.

as we know,

the minimum value of a 3 digit integer is 100 = $$10^2$$
the maximum value of a 3 digit integer is 999 = $$10^4 - 1$$
the minimum value of a 5 digit integer is 10000 = $$10^4$$
the maximum value of a 5 digit integer is 99999 = $$10^6 - 1$$
.
.
hence,
.

the minimum value of a $$n$$ digit integer is $$10^n$$
the maximum value of a $$n$$ digit integer is $$10^(n+1) - 1$$

Back to original qtn:

If m is a positive integer, then $$m^3$$ has how many digits?
stmnt1: $$m$$ has 3 digits
==> $$10^2 <= m < 10^4$$
==> $$10^6 <= m^3 < 10^12$$
==> $$m^3$$ can have minimum of 6 and max of 11 digits (i.e. 12-1)
hence NOT suff.

stmnt2: m^2 has 5 digits
==> $$10^4 <= m^2 < 10^6$$
==> $$10^2 <= m < 10^3$$
==> $$10^6 <= m^3 < 10^9$$
==> $$m^3$$ can have minimum of 6 and max of 8 digits (i.e. 9-1)
hence NOT suff.

stmnt1&2 together: We can conclude that $$m^3$$ can have minimum of 6 and max of 8 digits(i.e. 12-1) ==> m can have 6,7, or 8 digits
hence NOT suff.

Answer "E".

Regards,
Murali.
Kudos?

m^3 can have only 7 or 8 digits, not 6. If m=100=10^2 then m^3=10^6 and it has 6 trailing zeros but 7 digits.
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Re: If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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10
4
Runirish wrote:
If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?
1. m has 3 digits
2. m^2 has 5 digits

How would you do this quickly? Is there a rule that I am unaware of? I could do it, but I had to pick a few numbers. Thanks.

1. m has 3 digits

When I look at such statements, I invariably think of the extremities. (as muralimba did above)
Smallest m = 100 which implies m^3 = 10^6 giving 7 digits.
Largest m = 999 but it is not easy to find its cube so I take a number close to it i.e. 1000 and find its cube which is 10^9 i.e. smallest 10 digit number. Hence 999^3 will have 9 digits.
Since we can have 7, 8 or 9 digits, this statement is not sufficient.

2. m^2 has 5 digits
Now try to forget what you read above. Just focus on this statement.
Smallest m^2 = 10000 which implies m = 100
Largest m^2 is less than 99999 which gives m as something above 300 but less than 400.
Now, if m is 100, m^3 = 10^6 giving 7 digits.
If m is 300, m^3 = 27000000 giving 8 digits.
Since we have 7 or 8 digits for m, this statement is not sufficient.

Now combining both, remember one important point - If one statement is already included in the other, and the more informative statement is not sufficient alone, both statements will definitely not be sufficient together.

e.g. statement 1 tells us that m has 3 digits. Statement 2 tells us that m is between 100 and 300 something, so statement 2 tells us that m has 3 digits (what statement 1 told us) and something extra (that its value lies between 100 and 300 something). Statement 2 is more informative and is not sufficient alone. Since statement 1 doesn't add any new information to statement 2, no way will they both together be sufficient.
Hence answer (E).
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Re: If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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2
1
Number Picking Strategy:

1)m can have three digits but m^3 differ e.g 100 and 999.Insufficient
2) m^2 can have 5 digits but m^3 differ e.g 100 and 315. Insufficient
Together, the statements are insufficient. Take 100 and 315 as in the (2) above.

Answer E.
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GMAT 1: 700 Q51 V32 Re: If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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3
Hi MensaNumber,

I hope this helps,

Statement 1:
M has 3 digits

M can be any number between 100 and 999,
Number of digits in $$100^3$$ = 7
Number of digits in $$1000^3$$ = 10 => Hence $$999^3$$ will have 9 digits

So, number of digits could be 7, 8 or 9

Statement 1 not sufficient

Statement 2:
$$M^2$$ has 5 digits

Smallest M is 100, where$$M^2$$ has 5 digits
Largest M would be close to 300, as $$300^2$$ = 90000

M=100, will give number of digits in $$M^3$$ as 7
M = 300, will give number of digits in $$M^3$$ as 8

So, number of digits could be 7 or 8

Statement 2 not sufficient

Combining both statement,
Number of digits could be 7 or 8

Therefore,
Answer: E
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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1
Hi All,

We're told that M is a positive integer. We're asked for the number of digits that M^3 has. This question can be solved by TESTing VALUES.

1) M has 3 digits.

IF....
M=100, then M^3 = 1,000,000 and the answer to the question is 7
M=300, then M^3 = 27,000,000 and the answer to the question is 8
Fact 1 is INSUFFICIENT

2) M^2 has 5 digits

The same values that we used in Fact 1 also 'fit' Fact 2:
M=100, M^2=10,000 and M^3 = 1,000,000 and the answer to the question is 7
M=300, M^2=90,000 and M^3 = 27,000,000 and the answer to the question is 8
Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT

Combined, there's no more work needed. We already have two values that 'fit' both Facts and produce two different answers.
Combined, INSUFFICIENT

Final Answer:

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Re: If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?  [#permalink]

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Statement 1-
2≤log m<3
6≤ 3log m<9

Number of digits in $$m^3$$ can be 7, 8 or 9
Insufficient

Statement 2-

4≤ 2log m< 5
6≤ 3log m< 7.5

Number of digits in $$m^3$$ can be 7 or 8
Insufficient

Combing both equations
Number of digits in $$m^3$$ can be 7 or 8

Insufficient

E

Bunuel wrote:
If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?

(1) m has 3 digits.
(2) m^2 has 5 digits.

Data Sufficiency
Question: 104
Category: Arithmetic Properties of numbers
Page: 160
Difficulty: 650

The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition Re: If m is a positive integer, then m^3 has how many digits?   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2019, 18:23
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