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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58417
If n is an integer such that 3 <= n <= 7, what is the unit’s digit of  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   35% (medium)

Question Stats: 80% (01:33) correct 20% (01:43) wrong based on 58 sessions

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If n is an integer such that 3 <= n <= 7, what is the unit’s digit of n^2?

(1) (n + 1)^2 has units digit 6.
(2) (n - 1)^2 has units digit 6.

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Manager  G
Joined: 05 Feb 2016
Posts: 168
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Marketing
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: If n is an integer such that 3 <= n <= 7, what is the unit’s digit of  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If n is an integer such that 3 <= n <= 7, what is the unit’s digit of n^2?

(1) (n + 1)^2 has units digit 6.
(2) (n - 1)^2 has units digit 6.

n can be 3,4,5,6,7

From1:n can be 3 and 5 ,
for n=3,N+1=3+1=4 ,4^2 unit digit =6
similarly for 5 unit digit will be 6.
insufficient

from2:n can be 5 and 9
Insufficient

combining both n=5

hence C
examPAL Representative P
Joined: 07 Dec 2017
Posts: 1140
Re: If n is an integer such that 3 <= n <= 7, what is the unit’s digit of  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If n is an integer such that 3 <= n <= 7, what is the unit’s digit of n^2?

(1) (n + 1)^2 has units digit 6.
(2) (n - 1)^2 has units digit 6.

As there are only a small number of options, we'll just write them out.
This is an Alternative approach.

2^2 = 4
3^2 = 9
4^2 = 16
5^2 = 15
6^2 = 36
7^2 = 49
8^2 = 64

(1) is true for 4 and 6 meaning n=3 or 5. In this case the answer to 'what is the units digit of n^2' is '9' or '5'.
Insufficient.

(2) is true for 4 or 6 meaning n=5 or 7. In this case the answer to our question is '5' or '9'.
Insufficient.

Combined.
Combining the above means that n = 5 so our answer is '5'.
Sufficient.

(C) is our answer.
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e-GMAT Representative V
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 3074
Re: If n is an integer such that 3 <= n <= 7, what is the unit’s digit of  [#permalink]

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Solution

Given:
• n is an integer such that 3<=n<=7.

To find:
• What is the units digit of $$n^2$$?

Statement-1:$$(n + 1)^2$$ has units digit 6.“

Since 3<=n<=7, 4<=(n+1) <=8

The units digit of all the possible values of $$(n+1)^2$$ is:
• $$4^2= 6$$
• $$5^2=5$$
• $$6^2=6$$
• $$7^2=9$$
• $$8^2=4$$

For (n+1) = 4 and (n+1)=6, the units digit of $$(n+1)^2$$ is 6.
• Thus, n= 3 or 5.

We do not have a unique value of n. Thus, Statement 1 alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statement-2:$$(n - 1)^2$$ has units digit 6.“

Since 3<=n<=7, 2<=(n+1) <=6

The units digit of all the possible values of $$(n-1)^2$$ is:
• $$2^2= 4$$
• $$3^2=9$$
• $$4^2=6$$
• $$5^2=5$$
• $$6^2=6$$

For (n-1) = 4 and (n-1)=6, the units digit of $$(n-1)^2$$ is 6.
• Thus, n= 5 or 7.

We do not have a unique value of n. Thus, Statement 2 alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Combining both the statements:

From statement 1, we have:
• n= 3 or 5

From statement 2, we have:
• n= 5 or 7

By combining both the statements, the common value of n is 3 and the units digit of $$n^2$$ is 9.

Hence, Statement (1) and (2) together are sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, the correct answer is option C.

_________________ Re: If n is an integer such that 3 <= n <= 7, what is the unit’s digit of   [#permalink] 03 Apr 2018, 04:20
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