rxs0005 wrote:
If p and x are integers , is x divisible by 11?
(1) x = 2p - 6
(2) 2p + 5 is divisible by 11
Target question: Is x divisible by 11? Given: p and x are integers Statement 1: x = 2p - 6 This statement doesn't FEEL sufficient, so I'll TEST some values.
Case a: p = 10. So, x = 2(10) - 6 = 14. If x = 14, then
the answer to the target question is NO; x is NOT divisible by 11Case b: p = 14. So, x = 2(14) - 6 = 22. If x = 22, then
the answer to the target question is YES; x IS divisible by 11Since we cannot answer the
target question with certainty, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statement 2: 2p + 5 is divisible by 11There is no information about x.
So, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statements 1 and 2 combined Statement 2 tells us that 2p + 5 is divisible by 11
This means that
2p+5 = 11k for some integer k
Statement 1 tells us that x = 2p - 6
My goal is to fiddle with this equation so we can use the fact that
2p+5 = 11kNotice that we can take the equation x = 2p - 6 and REWRITE it as x =
2p + 5 - 11
[since this new equation still simplifies to be x = 2p-6]We can now replace
2p+5 with
11k to get: x =
11k - 11
We can now factor out 11 to get: x = 11(k - 1)
This tells us that x is a MULTIPLE of 11, which also means
11 is divisible by 11So,
the answer to the target question is YES; x IS divisible by 11Since we can answer the
target question with certainty, the combined statements are SUFFICIENT
Answer: C
Cheers,
Brent
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