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If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to

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If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2013, 15:00
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If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to graduate students and those undergraduate students who had received at least a B+ in composition,most of the undergraduate students would be forced to take the regular creative writing class.Such a reduction in undergraduate enrollment would reduce the percentage of failing grades in the honors class.

Which of the following , if true ,would most strengthen the conclusion drawn in the second sentence above?


(A) Graduate students all scored at least B+ in composition

(B) The honors creative writing course is experiencing overcrowding due to increases in graduate enrollment.

(C) Many undergraduates would work harder to score B+ in composition rather than be excluded from honors creative writing

(D) The number of failing grades in honors creative writing has decreased in recent years.

(E) Undergraduates who scored lower than B+ in composition are responsible for a disproportionate percentage of failing grades in honors creative writing.
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Re: If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2013, 15:24
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Premise: undergraduate students who had received at least a B+ were qualify for honor class.
Premise: A reduction in undergraduate enrollment
Conclusion: the percentage of failing grades in the honors class would reduce.
Assumption: Before a reduction in enrollment, the number of undergraduates failing grades (scored lower than B+) accounted for the large percentage of all applicant.

(A)Graduate students all scored at least B+ in composition
Wrong. we're talking about undergraduates, not graduates.

(B)The honors creative writing course is experiencing overcrowding due to increases in graduate enrollment.
Wrong. we're talking about undergraduates, not graduates.

(C)Many undergraduates would work harder to score B+ in composition rather than be excluded from honors creative writing
Wrong. Shell game. key word is "excluded from honors" ==> it means those undergraduates were already in honors class. They just work hard to avoid excluding from honors class.

(D)The number of failing grades in honors creative writing has decreased in recent years.
Wrong. Out of scope.

(E)Undergraduates who scored lower than B+ in composition are responsible for a disproportionate percentage of failing grades in honors creative writing.
Correct. This is exactly the assumption above. Before a reduction in enrollment, the number of undergraduates failing grades (scored lower than B+) accounted for the large percentage of all applicant. After the reduction, the number of undergraduates failing grades applies for honors class reduces ==> the percentage of failing grades would reduce.

Hope it helps.
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Re: If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2013, 15:24
mun23 wrote:
If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to graduate students and those undergraduate students who had received at least a B+ in composition,most of the undergraduate students would be forced to take the regular creative writing class.Such a reduction in undergraduate enrollment would reduce the percentage of failing grades in the honors class.

Which of the following , if true ,would most strengthen the conclusion drawn in the second sentence above?

(A)Graduate students all scored at least B+ in composition
(B)The honors creative writing course is experiencing overcrowding due to increases in graduate enrollment.
(C)Many undergraduates would work harder to score B+ in composition rather than be excluded from honors creative writing
(D)The number of failing grades in honors creative writing has decreased in recent years.
(E)Undergraduates who scored lower than B+ in composition are responsible for a disproportionate percentage of failing grades in honors creative writing.

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This is the kind of strenthening question that you can predict fairly accurately. The trick is to identify the conclusion and the evidence, and then find the gap that inevitably exists between them.

Conclusion: Such a reduction in enrollment would reduce the percentage of failing grades in the honors creative writing class
Evidence: (everything else) Participation in the honors creative writing class should be limited to grad students and undergrads with at least a B+ in Composition (pre-requisite course)
What's missing to link them up: The proportion of students currently failing honors creative writing. Ergo, we need to have an answer choice that brings this up, specifically in terms of which group (Grads/Undergrads with B+ or Undergrads with less than B+)

A) Out of Scope, all undergrads are still allowed in
B) Possibly true, but irrelevant to the percentage of undergrads failing honors creative writing
C) Hypothetical that might help future classes. Irrelevant to current debate.
D) Likely true, but not related to whether these are undergrads or not and what their score was in Composition
E) Bingo

A little bit of predicting helps steer clear of tempting choices that do not reconcile the conclusion with the evidence.

Hope this helps!
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Re: If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 05:35
mun23 wrote:
If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to graduate students and those undergraduate students who had received at least a B+ in composition,most of the undergraduate students would be forced to take the regular creative writing class.Such a reduction in undergraduate enrollment would reduce the percentage of failing grades in the honors class.

Which of the following , if true ,would most strengthen the conclusion drawn in the second sentence above?


(A) Graduate students all scored at least B+ in composition

(B) The honors creative writing course is experiencing overcrowding due to increases in graduate enrollment.

(C) Many undergraduates would work harder to score B+ in composition rather than be excluded from honors creative writing

(D) The number of failing grades in honors creative writing has decreased in recent years.

(E) Undergraduates who scored lower than B+ in composition are responsible for a disproportionate percentage of failing grades in honors creative writing.


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



E

The argument here is that eliminating undergraduates who did not receive a B+ or better in composition will reduce the failure rate in the honors class. The assumption must be that undergraduates who did not receive a B+ or better in composition have previously been the ones responsible for the failure rate, and are expected to continue to be responsible if they're allowed in the class. In other words, graduate students and other undergraduates have previously failed less frequently than undergraduates who did not receive a B+ or better in composition. So, to strengthen the conclusion that eliminating the non-B+ students will drive the failure rate down, we need a choice that confirms that the non-B+ students were in fact failing at a proportionally higher rate tharrthe others in the class. This is precisely what (E) does.

(A) seems tempting, but is irrelevant. The passage speaks only of eliminating undergraduates. Graduate students would still be allowed to take the course regardless of their composition grade. Whether or not the honors class is overcrowded in (B) is out of scope; reducing the failure rate, not overcrowding, is the focus of the stimulus. Similarly, (C) tells us nothing about the failure rate in the course. And (D) is wrong because the argument concerns a possible decline in the failure rate after non-B+ students are eliminated, not a decline in the absolute number of failures prior to the elimination of non-B+ students.
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Re: If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 05:35
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