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GMATH Teacher P
Status: GMATH founder
Joined: 12 Oct 2010
Posts: 934
If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF>28?  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   65% (hard)

Question Stats: 51% (02:28) correct 49% (01:46) wrong based on 37 sessions

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GMATH practice exercise (Quant Class 15) If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF > 28 ?

(1) EF = 10
(2) CE = 24

Edited:
01. The contest related to this post is finished!
02. We have presented the official solution.
03. We have added the dotted line, to avoid the interpretation that F could be "below" line AB.

_________________
Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net

Originally posted by fskilnik on 15 Mar 2019, 10:55.
Last edited by fskilnik on 17 Mar 2019, 07:00, edited 3 times in total.
Manager  G
Joined: 01 Feb 2017
Posts: 222
Re: If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF>28?  [#permalink]

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IMO, Ans C

Considering both statements together and a rectangle with base CE and height FE, resultant area 240.

So, area of each quad is less than / equal to 240/2= 120 max.

In trapezium / rectangle ADEF, FE is 10, so average of FE+AD is less than or equal to 10. So, max possible value of DE is 12.

In triangle DEF with base 12 and height 10, Hyp FD is root 244, approx 15.something.
As AF is smaller than FD, AF cannot be greater than 28.
Intern  B
Joined: 06 Feb 2019
Posts: 6
Re: If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF>28?  [#permalink]

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(1) EF = 10

We don't know the length of DE. You can stretch DE very far apart (could be to a ridiculous number, say to 1 million) then clearly AF, which forms the hypotenuse of the right triangle with base the length of DE & height < 10 would be greater than 28. However, if DE is very short, such as length of 1, then AF is the hypotenuse of a right triangle with other sides 1 & a side less than 10, so AF is less than 28.

Insufficient

(2) CE = 24

A similar thought exercise can be performed here, where if EF is a ridiculously long length, then you can construct AF to be >28, but if EF is sufficiently short enough, then AF < 28.

Insufficient

(Both 1 & 2)

Knowing EF is 10 and CE is 24, we can try to maximize the length of AF to see if it exceeds 28. If it doesn't, then we know the answer is sufficient.

We can set BA and AD to be very small, almost 0, such that AF forms the hypotenuse of a right triangle with sides 10 and 24, which a quick calculation shows that at most AF can be 26. So AF is definitely less than 28.

Answer is C
GMATH Teacher P
Status: GMATH founder
Joined: 12 Oct 2010
Posts: 934
If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF>28?  [#permalink]

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The contest is finished from this moment on!

We thank Shobhit7 and siyeezy for your beautiful contributions!

We will start commenting on both solutions (separately) based on our judge´s considerations:

Shobhit7 wrote:
IMO, Ans C

Considering both statements together and a rectangle with base CE and height FE, resultant area 240.

So, area of each quad is less than / equal to 240/2= 120 max.

In trapezium / rectangle ADEF, FE is 10, so average of FE+AD is less than or equal to 10. So, max possible value of DE is 12.

In triangle DEF with base 12 and height 10, Hyp FD is root 244, approx 15.something.
As AF is smaller than FD, AF cannot be greater than 28.

Shobhit:

01. You did not prove each statement alone is insufficient ("it´s obvious" is not a good argument, at least in a prize-winning contest)...
02. Area of each quadrilateral must be LESS than 240/2, because from the figure given points B, A, and F should be considered NOT collinear in Data Sufficient situations like this one!
03. Nice arguments using the "middle-base" of the trapezoid (although, again, DE must be less than 12, because 10=FE>AD) and hypotenuse FD, offering an upper limit to AF <<< 28 !!

siyeezy wrote:
(1) EF = 10

We don't know the length of DE. You can stretch DE very far apart (could be to a ridiculous number, say to 1 million) then clearly AF, which forms the hypotenuse of the right triangle with base the length of DE & height < 10 would be greater than 28. However, if DE is very short, such as length of 1, then AF is the hypotenuse of a right triangle with other sides 1 & a side less than 10, so AF is less than 28.

Insufficient

(2) CE = 24

A similar thought exercise can be performed here, where if EF is a ridiculously long length, then you can construct AF to be >28, but if EF is sufficiently short enough, then AF < 28.

Insufficient

(Both 1 & 2)

Knowing EF is 10 and CE is 24, we can try to maximize the length of AF to see if it exceeds 28. If it doesn't, then we know the answer is sufficient.

We can set BA and AD to be very small, almost 0, such that AF forms the hypotenuse of a right triangle with sides 10 and 24, which a quick calculation shows that at most AF can be 26. So AF is definitely less than 28.

Answer is C

siyeezy:

01. Very nice viable "geometric bifurcations" (using the term we have created in our method) to guarantee the insufficiency of each statement alone.
02. Saw the important right triangle 10,24,26 (we consider "5m,12m,13m" a GMAT-shortcut!) but did not mention *explicitly* that the "equal areas restriction" would be temporarily ignored for that. The fact that the upper limit (26) is already less than 28 (our FOCUS) makes this approach excellent because (according to our method) the FOCUS is the most important guide to our decisions!

All that put, the judge (and I) believe both contributions were REALLY great, therefore we will consider... a DRAW! Both of you will receive the prize we had in mind: our "Lightning" course!

I hope you will be able to strengthen even more your powerful skills through our method!

Congratulations to both of you and thanks for joining!!
Fabio.

P.S.: I will wait a private message from each one of you, to give the step-by-step instructions for collecting the prize! Cheers!
_________________
Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net
GMATH Teacher P
Status: GMATH founder
Joined: 12 Oct 2010
Posts: 934
If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF>28?  [#permalink]

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fskilnik wrote:
GMATH practice exercise (Quant Class 15) If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF > 28 ?

(1) EF = 10
(2) CE = 24 $${S_{{\mathop{\rm ABCD}\nolimits} }} = {S_{{\rm{ADEF}}}} = {S_{{\rm{ADEG}}}} + {S_{{\rm{AGF}}}}\,\,\,\,\,\left( * \right)$$

$$AF\,\,\mathop > \limits^? \,\,28$$

$$\left( 1 \right)\,\,\left\{ \matrix{ \,{\rm{image}}\,\,{\rm{left}}:\,\,\left( * \right)\,\,4 \cdot 6 = 3 \cdot 6 + {{3 \cdot 4} \over 2}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{viable}}\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\left\langle {{\rm{NO}}} \right\rangle \hfill \cr \,{\rm{image}}\,\,{\rm{right}}:\,\,\left( * \right)\,\,x \cdot 6 = 28 \cdot 6 + {{28 \cdot 4} \over 2}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{viable}}\,\,\,\left( {x = {{28 \cdot 8} \over 6} > 0} \right)\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\left\langle {{\rm{YES}}} \right\rangle \hfill \cr} \right.$$

$$\left( 2 \right)\,\,\left\{ \matrix{ \,{\rm{image}}\,\,{\rm{left}}:\,\,\left( * \right)\,\,18 \cdot y = 6 \cdot y + {{6 \cdot 4} \over 2}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{viable}}\,\,\,\,\left( {y = 1 > 0} \right) \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\left\langle {{\rm{NO}}} \right\rangle \hfill \cr \,{\rm{image}}\,\,{\rm{right}}:\,\,\left( * \right)\,\,18 \cdot y = 6 \cdot y + {{6 \cdot 28} \over 2}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{viable}}\,\,\,\left( {y = 7 > 0} \right)\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\left\langle {{\rm{YES}}} \right\rangle \hfill \cr} \right.$$

$$\left( {1 + 2} \right)\,\,{\rm{Extremal}}\,\,{\rm{Scenario}}\,\,\,\left( {\left( * \right)\,\,{\rm{ignored}}} \right)\,\,:\,\,A{F_{\,{\rm{ExtScen}}}}\,\,\mathop < \limits^{{\rm{near}}} \,\,13 \cdot 2 = 26$$

$$\Rightarrow \,\,AF < \,\,A{F_{\,{\rm{ExtScen}}}} < 28\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.$$

The correct answer is (C).

We follow the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
_________________
Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF>28?   [#permalink] 17 Mar 2019, 07:18
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# If quadrilaterals ABCD and ADEF have the same areas, is AF>28?

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