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If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder whe

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If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder whe  [#permalink]

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If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder when n is divided by 6?

(1) When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2.
(2) When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 1.

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Re: If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder whe  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2018, 02:26
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Bunuel wrote:
If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder when n is divided by 6?

(1) When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2.
(2) When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 1.


Ans = C

Statement 1- When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2
Consider n=11, rem (when n is divided by 6)=5
Now, n=20, rem=2
Therefore, Insufficient

Statement 2- When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 1
Consider n= 9 , rem = 3
Now, n =13, rem = 1
Therefore - Insufficient

Combining 1 and 2,
n= 29 - rem = 5
n= 65 - rem = 5
n= 101 - rem =5
Therefore Sufficient
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Re: If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder whe  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2018, 02:29
Bunuel wrote:
If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder when n is divided by 6?

(1) When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2.
(2) When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 1.


1. n = 9x + 2. n > 6
n can take values 11,20,29...
When n=11, the remainder when divided by 6 is 5.
When n=20, the remainder when divided by 6 is 2.
When n=29, the remainder when divided by 6 is 5. (Insufficient)

2. n = 4y + 1, n > 6
n can take values 9,13,17,21,25,29...
When n = 9, the remainder when divided by 6 is 3.
When n = 13, the remainder when divided by 6 is 1.
When n = 17, the remainder when divided by 6 is 5. (Insufficient)

When we combine the information in both the statements,
n will have a unique remainder when divided by 6 (Sufficient - Option C)
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If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder whe  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 23:16
Bunuel wrote:
If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder when n is divided by 6?

(1) When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2.
(2) When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 1.


(1) n is a number of the form = 9x + 2, where x can be any positive integer.
Here when x is odd, n will also be odd (11, 29, 47, 65...) and the remainder on dividing n by 6 will be 5.
When x is even, n will also be even (20, 38, 56, 76...) and the remainder on dividing n by 6 will be 2.
Not sufficient.

(2) n is a number of the form = 4y + 1, where y can be any positive integer greater than 1 (because n has to be greater than 6).
So n can be 9, 13, 17, 21, 25, 29,...
This just tells us that n is an odd number (4y is always even thus 4y+1 is odd), but remainders on dividing by 6 can be multiple, not unique.
Not sufficient.

Combining the two statements, from second statement we know that n is odd. So from first statement, remainder on dividing n by 6 can only be '5'.
Sufficient.

Hence C answer
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Re: If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder whe  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 04:18

Solution



Given:
• n is a positive integer greater than 6.

To find:
• The value of remainder when n is divided by 6.

Statement-1: “When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2. “
• n= 9a+2= 6a+3a+2
• n= 6*a+(3a+2)
o Hence, the remainder is 3a+2 whose values depends on the variable a.
Hence, Statement 1 alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statement-2: “When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 1. “
• n= 4a+1
o Again, the value of remainder depends on the variable a.
Statement 2 alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Combining both the statements:
From Statement 1: n= 9a+2
From Statement 1: n= 4a+1
By combining both the statements: n= 36k+29= 6*6k+6*4+5= 6*m+5
o Hence, the remainder is 5.
Hence, we can find the answer by combining both the statements.

Answer: C
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Re: If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder whe  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2018, 03:30
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EgmatQuantExpert wrote:

Solution



Given:
• n is a positive integer greater than 6.

To find:
• The value of remainder when n is divided by 6.

Statement-1: “When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2. “
• n= 9a+2= 6a+3a+2
• n= 6*a+(3a+2)
o Hence, the remainder is 3a+2 whose values depends on the variable a.
Hence, Statement 1 alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statement-2: “When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 1. “
• n= 4a+1
o Again, the value of remainder depends on the variable a.
Statement 2 alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Combining both the statements:
From Statement 1: n= 9a+2
From Statement 1: n= 4a+1
By combining both the statements: n= 36k+29= 6*6k+6*4+5= 6*m+5
o Hence, the remainder is 5.
Hence, we can find the answer by combining both the statements.

Answer: C


can you please elaborate how we got n= 36k+29 ?
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Re: If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder whe  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2018, 20:26
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blueviper wrote:
EgmatQuantExpert wrote:

Solution



Given:
• n is a positive integer greater than 6.

To find:
• The value of remainder when n is divided by 6.

Statement-1: “When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2. “
• n= 9a+2= 6a+3a+2
• n= 6*a+(3a+2)
o Hence, the remainder is 3a+2 whose values depends on the variable a.
Hence, Statement 1 alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statement-2: “When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 1. “
• n= 4a+1
o Again, the value of remainder depends on the variable a.
Statement 2 alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Combining both the statements:
From Statement 1: n= 9a+2
From Statement 1: n= 4a+1
By combining both the statements: n= 36k+29= 6*6k+6*4+5= 6*m+5
o Hence, the remainder is 5.
Hence, we can find the answer by combining both the statements.

Answer: C


can you please elaborate how we got n= 36k+29 ?


Hello

I will try. N when divided by 9 gives a remainder of 2, thus N can be written as '9a + 2', where a is a non negative integer.
N when divided by 4 gives a remainder of 1, so N can also be written as '4b + 1', where b is also a non negative integer.

Since N is same, lets equate them. 9a+2 = 4b+1. Now we write one of the variables (out of a and b) in terms of other variable.
So 4b = 9a+1 or b = (9a+1)/4

Now with some trial, we have to find the first integer value of 'a' which will also give an integer value of 'b'. This will give us the least possible value of N (which satisfies both statements conditions).
We put a=1, 9a+1 = 10, not divisible by 4.
We put a=2, 9a+1 = 19, not divisible by 4.
We put a=3, 9a+1 = 28, this IS divisible by 4.
So least value of a=3, and least value of b=28/4 = 7.

So the least value of N becomes either '9*3+2' or '4*7+2' which is 29.
Once we have the least value, a general form of N is given by the following formula:
N = least number obtained + (LCM of divisors)*K , where K is a non negative integer.

So the least number is 29 and LCM of divisors (9 and 4 here) is 36. So by the above formula
N = 29 + 36K
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