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if the straight line y = x + c is tangent to the circle (x-1)^2 + (y

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if the straight line y = x + c is tangent to the circle (x-1)^2 + (y  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2018, 09:29
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if the straight line y = x + c is tangent to the circle (x-1)^2 + (y+2)^2 = 4, what is the maximum possible value for the constant c ?

(A) \(1 - \sqrt 2\)
(B) \(1 + \sqrt 2\)
(C) \(3 - 2 \sqrt 3\)
(D) \(-3 + 2 \sqrt 2\)
(E) None above

Source: https://www.gmath.net

_________________

Fabio Skilnik :: https://GMATH.net (Math for the GMAT) or GMATH.com.br (Portuguese version)
Course release PROMO : finish our test drive till 30/Dec with (at least) 50 correct answers out of 92 (12-questions Mock included) to gain a 50% discount!

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if the straight line y = x + c is tangent to the circle (x-1)^2 + (y  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2018, 11:54
fskilnik wrote:
if the straight line y = x + c is tangent to the circle (x-1)^2 + (y+2)^2 = 4, what is the maximum possible value for the constant c ?

(A) \(1 - \sqrt 2\)
(B) \(1 + \sqrt 2\)
(C) \(3 - 2 \sqrt 3\)
(D) \(-3 + 2 \sqrt 2\)
(E) None above

Source: https://www.gmath.net

\(? = {c_{\max }} = c\)

Algebraic approach:

\(\left\{ \begin{gathered}
\,\left( 1 \right)\,\,{\left( {x - 1} \right)^2} + {\left( {y + 2} \right)^2} = 4 \hfill \\
\,\left( 2 \right)\,\,y = x + c \hfill \\
\end{gathered} \right.\,\,\,\,\,\,\mathop \Rightarrow \limits^{\left( 2 \right)\,\,{\text{in}}\,\,\left( 1 \right)} \,\,\,\, \ldots \,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,2{x^2} + 2\left( {c + 1} \right)x + {c^2} + 4c + 1 = 0\)


\({\text{tangency}}\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,0 = \Delta = {\left[ {2\left( {c + 1} \right)} \right]^2} - 4\left( 2 \right)\left( {{c^2} + 4c + 1} \right)\,\,\, = \,\,\, \ldots \,\,\, = \,\,\, - 4\left( {{c^2} + 6c + 1} \right)\)


\({c^2} + 6c + 1 = 0\,\,\,\,\,\,\mathop \Rightarrow \limits^{{\text{Bhaskara}}} \,\,\,\,\,\left\{ \begin{gathered}
\,{c_1} = - 3 - 2\sqrt 2 \hfill \\
\,{c_2} = - 3 + 2\sqrt 2 \hfill \\
\end{gathered} \right.\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,? = {c_2} = - 3 + 2\sqrt 2\)


This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
_________________

Fabio Skilnik :: https://GMATH.net (Math for the GMAT) or GMATH.com.br (Portuguese version)
Course release PROMO : finish our test drive till 30/Dec with (at least) 50 correct answers out of 92 (12-questions Mock included) to gain a 50% discount!

GMATH Teacher
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Status: GMATH founder
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Re: if the straight line y = x + c is tangent to the circle (x-1)^2 + (y  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2018, 18:55
fskilnik wrote:
if the straight line y = x + c is tangent to the circle (x-1)^2 + (y+2)^2 = 4, what is the maximum possible value for the constant c ?

(A) \(1 - \sqrt 2\)
(B) \(1 + \sqrt 2\)
(C) \(3 - 2 \sqrt 3\)
(D) \(-3 + 2 \sqrt 2\)
(E) None above

Source: https://www.gmath.net

\(? = {c_{\max }} = c\,\,\,\,\left( {{\rm{figure}}} \right)\)

The alternate solution I present below is essentially geometric:

Image

\(- 2 - c = 1 - 2\sqrt 2 \,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,? = c = - 3 + 2\sqrt 2\)


This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
_________________

Fabio Skilnik :: https://GMATH.net (Math for the GMAT) or GMATH.com.br (Portuguese version)
Course release PROMO : finish our test drive till 30/Dec with (at least) 50 correct answers out of 92 (12-questions Mock included) to gain a 50% discount!

GMAT Club Bot
Re: if the straight line y = x + c is tangent to the circle (x-1)^2 + (y &nbs [#permalink] 30 Nov 2018, 18:55
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