Bunuel wrote:

gmatprep09 wrote:

If there are 85 students in a statistics class and we assume that there are 365 days in a year, what is the probability that at least two students in the class have the same birthday (assuming birthdays are distributed independently)?

A) (85/365)* (84/364)

B) (1/365)* (1/364)

C) 1- (85!/365!)

D) 1- (365!/ 280! (365^85))

E) 1- (85!/(365^85))

Can someone please explain this in detail....Thanks

The easiest way to solve this problem is to calculate opposite probability and subtract this value from 1:

The opposite probability is that all students have the birthdays on different days: \(\frac{365}{365}*\frac{364}{365}*\frac{363}{365}*...*\frac{281}{365}=\frac{365*364*363*...*281}{365^{85}}=\frac{365!}{280!*365^{85}}\) total 85 birthdays (first student can have birthday on any day =1=365/365, the probability that the second student will have the birthday on another day is 364/365, the probability that the third student will have the birthday not on this two days is 363/365, and so on).

So, the probability that at least two students in the class have the same birthday is: \(1-\frac{365!}{280!*365^{85}}\).

Answer: D.

Hi Bunnel,

Please explain the difference between the below two arrangements:

=> no of ways a student can have a birthday = 365, so for 85 students total no ways to have birthdays is = 365^85

Now, a day can have a birthday in 86 ways i.e. it can have no birthday, 1 birthday....up till all 85 birthday = a total of 86 ways,

=> no of ways 365 days can have a birthday = 365^86

what kind of question can come based on the second case, I get confused between these two. Can you tell any trick how to differentiate b/w them.