Solution:

Step 1: Analyse Statement 1:\(X\) is a prime number \(<5\)

- We know that there are only \(2\) prime numbers below \(5\).

o They are\(2\) and \(3\) respectively.

From the inference segment, both \(2\) and \(3\) are the factors of \(30\).

As we do not know the exact value of \(X\), we cannot determine its even-odd nature.

Statement 1 alone is NOT sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, we can eliminate answer choices A and D.

Step 2: Analyse Statement 2:\(X\) is a factor of \(10\).

- \(10\)can be written as \(2*5\).
- Let us write all the factors of \(10\).

o Factors of \(10: 1,2,5,10\)

- Comparing this with the inference segment, we see all the \(4\) numbers: \(1, 2, 5\) and\(10\) are factors of \(30\) as well.

Since we do not know the exact value of \(X\), we cannot determine its even-odd nature.

Statement 2 alone is NOT sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, we can eliminate answer choice B.

Step 5: Combine both Statements:- From the first statement we got: \(X\) can be either \(2\) or \(3\)
- From the second statement we got: \(X\) can be any one of \(1, 2, 5\) and \(10\).
- The only number which is common to both the lists obtained is \(2\).

Thus, we got a unique value of \(X\), which is \(2\) and we can say that \(X\) is Even in nature.

By combining both statements we got a unique answer.

Correct Answer: Option C

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