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If X is a positive integer, what is the
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Updated on: 13 Aug 2018, 01:18
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eGMAT Question: If \(X\) is a positive integer, what is the units digit of \(X^a\)? 1) \(X\) when divided by \(10\) gives a remainder of \(2\) 2) \(8^a\) ends with \(6\) A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient. B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient. C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient This is Question 5 of The eGMAT Number Properties Marathon Go to Question 6 of the Marathon
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Re: If X is a positive integer, what is the
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27 Feb 2018, 09:59
EgmatQuantExpert wrote: Question: If \(X\) is a positive integer, what is the units digit of \(X^a\)? 1) \(X\) when divided by \(10\) gives a remainder of \(2\) 2) \(8^a\) ends with \(6\) A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient. B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient. C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient We need to know the unit's digit of \(x\) & \(a\) Statement 1: this implies that unit's digit of \(x\) is \(2\). But nothing mentioned about \(a\). InsufficientStatement 2: this implies that \(a\) is a multiple of \(4\) because unit's digit of \(8^4\) is \(6\). Hence \(a=4k\), where \(k\) is any integer. but nothing mentioned about \(x\). InsufficientCombining 1 & 2: we know that unit's digit of \(2^4=6\) and \(6\) raised to any power will have unit's digit \(6\). So unit's digit of \(x^a\) will be \(6\). SufficientOption C



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Re: If X is a positive integer, what is the
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27 Feb 2018, 22:58
Solution: Step 1: Analyse Statement 1:\(X\), when divided by \(10\), gives a remainder of \(2\) • Per our conceptual understanding, when a number is divided by \(10\), the remainder is equal to the units digit of the number.
o Here, when X is divided by \(10\), the remainder is \(2\). o Hence, \(2\) is the units digit of X. • But to calculate the units digit of the expression, \(X^a\), we need more information on the value of a. Since we do not have that information, Statement 1 alone is NOT sufficient to answer the question. Hence, we can eliminate answer choices A and D. Step 2: Analyse Statement 2:\(8^a\) ends with \(6\) • Per our conceptual understanding, we know that the cyclicity of \(8\) is \(4\) and for \(8^a\) end with \(6\), \(a\) should be of the form :\(4k\). From this, we know the nature of the number \(a\), but we do not have any information about\(X\). Since we do not know the value of \(X\), Statement 2 alone is NOT sufficient to answer the question. Hence, we can eliminate answer choice B. Step 3: Combine both Statements:• From the first statement, we know: The units digit of \(X\) is \(2\) • From the second statement we have: a is a multiple of \(4\) • We know that a is of form 4k, and we also know\(2^{4k}\) always has a units digit: \(6\). Thus, we know that the units digit of the expression \(X^a\) is \(6\). By combining both statements we got a unique answer. Correct Answer: Option C
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Re: If X is a positive integer, what is the
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29 Mar 2018, 01:48
EgmatQuantExpert wrote: eGMAT Question: If \(X\) is a positive integer, what is the units digit of \(X^a\)? 1) \(X\) when divided by \(10\) gives a remainder of \(2\) 2) \(8^a\) ends with \(6\) A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient. B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient. C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient Given: X > 0 Units digit of X^a St 1: X = 2, 12, 22, and Units digit of X^a can be 2, 4, 8, 6. Insufficient, no information about "a" St 2: \(8^a\) ends with \(6\) means "a" is a multiple of "4" , but we don't know about "X" InsufficientCombining we get unit digit of X^a will be "6" as every 4th power of 2 or 12 or 22 will give you units digit "6" (C)
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