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Director  Joined: 25 Oct 2008
Posts: 500
Location: Kolkata,India
If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   25% (medium)

Question Stats: 78% (01:45) correct 22% (02:29) wrong based on 646 sessions

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If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, and y is the number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, what is the value of x+y?

A. 550
B. 551
C. 560
D. 561
E. 572

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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55275
Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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2
4
xmagedo wrote:
If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, and y is the number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive ,what is the value of x+y?
a 550
b 551
c 560
d 561
e 572

pleas, someone help me with this !

# of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive is $$y=\frac{60-40}{2}+1=11$$ (check this: totally-basic-94862.html?hilit=multiple%20range);

Sum of the even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive is $$x=\frac{40+60}{2}*11=550$$. Even integers represent evenly spaced set, the sum of the terms in evenly spaced set is: mean, which is the average of the first and the last terms, multiplied by the # of terms;

So, $$x+y=11+550=561$$.

Answer: D.
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Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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2
1
Step 1 (y) - No of even numbers from 40-60 = 11

Step 2 (x) - Sum of those 11 nos is given by the formula - (F+L)*N/2
F= 40 L = 60 N =11 Therefore ==> 550

x+y = 550+11 = 561

tejal777 wrote:
if x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive and y is the number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive,what is the value of x+y?
550
551
560
561
572

Guys I applied the formula for "sum of consecutive evn nos." but i am going wrong somewhere.Pease help.
y=11
x=sum of consecutive even integers=n(n+1)
where n= 1st even+last even/2 -1

Therefore,here n=40+60/2-1=50-1=49
So,x=49 x 50 =2450
Hence, x+y=2450+11=2461??!??!

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Manager  Joined: 28 Jan 2004
Posts: 192
Location: India
Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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1
This is solved by using AP series.

40,42,44,46..........................60
This is a AP series with common difference of 2

Number of terms = A + (n-1)d
A = first term (40)
n = number of terms (need to be calculated)
d = common difference (2 in this case)

60 = 40 + (n-1)2
or n = 11

Sum of series = [2A + (n-1)d ] * n/2
Sum = 550

So ans = 550 + 11 = 561
Senior Manager  Joined: 25 Mar 2009
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Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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Intern  Joined: 15 May 2009
Posts: 12
Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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For me,

step1: find y 40, 42, 44, ... 60 therefore y=11

step2: since consecutive numbers/even/odd, find the mean (40+60)/2=50

step3: x = 50(11)=550

step4: 550+11=561
Intern  Joined: 30 May 2009
Posts: 6
Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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sum of even integers = even number ( x is even)

number of even integers =11 ( y is odd )
so x+y = odd

A, C, E out ( all even)

Left with B and D :551, 561

If you have ever added even numbers you see that the pattern is 0,2,4,6,8 and 2+4+6+8 =20

{ there are 11 integers 5 in the 40's , 5 in the 50's and 60 , so when u add the u get 200+250+20+20+60 = 550}

hence the sum is 550 ( x=550) or x+y cannot be 551 since x =550

hence answer is D
Manager  Joined: 20 Jul 2010
Posts: 102
Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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IMO D

xmagedo wrote:
If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, and y is the number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive ,what is the value of x+y?
a 550
b 551
c 560
d 561
e 572

pleas, someone help me with this !

Solution:

The number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive = 11 (40, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60)
Sum of integers = 550

Thus, total = 550 + 11 = 561
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Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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xmagedo wrote:
If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, and y is the number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive ,what is the value of x+y?
a 550
b 551
c 560
d 561
e 572

pleas, someone help me with this !

Sum can be calculated using Arithmetic Progression

$$Sum = (n/2)(a+(n-1)*d)$$

In this case a(first term) = 40, d(difference) = 2(since nos are even)

$$n = ((60-40)/2)+1$$ = 11

Thus sum = 550 (substituting the values)

and the number of terms have already been calculated as 11

Thus x + y = 550+11 = 561

Hope it helps,
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Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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2
Another approach ('sum of pairs'):
Step 1: 11 numbers
Step 2: 40+60 = 42+58 = 100 (total 5 pairs, with exception of number 55 that does not have a pair)
Step 3: 500 + 55 (the middle number with no pair)+ 11 = 561

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Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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1
x = (60 + 40)/2 * y

60 = 40 + (y-1)*2

=> y = 20/2 + 1 = 11

so 50 * 11 + 11 = 561

Answer - D
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Manager  Joined: 09 Aug 2010
Posts: 89
Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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1
I used to take a long time solving these kinds of problem until I learned about this formula:

Average = Sum of integers / number of terms
Average = (first term + last term) / 2 ==> this works for both consecutive and even integers

SOLUTION:

x (SUM) = Average x number of terms

Average = 40 +60 /2 = 50
number of terms = ((60 -40)/2)+1 = 11
x (SUM) = 50 x 11 = 550

Therefore,
x + y = 550 + 11 = 561
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Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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x = 40+42+....60 = (mean).N = (mean)y

=> x+y = = (51).11 = 561

Answer D.
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Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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This is a perfect example of why you should not use formulas without understanding them properly. If you understand them, you will not make a mistake and will save time.
The formula quoted by the original poster: n(n+1) is absolutely fine. But one needs to understand that n is the number of even terms starting from the first even term. (I discuss why this is so here:
sum-of-even-numbers-68732.html#p849905)

Sum of even numbers from 40 to 60 using this formula will be:
30*31 - 19*20 = 10(3*31 - 19*2) = 550
Since number of terms is 11, required sum is 561

But, I would not use this formula for this question and would do it the way many of you have done:
Average = 50 (it is the middle number), Number of terms = 11 (No formula again. Any 10 consecutive integers have 5 even and 5 odd numbers. 41 to 60 will have 10 even integers and 40 is the 11th one)
Sum = 50*11 + 11 = 561
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Posts: 6
Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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I agree with the answer responses above. I'd avoid fancy formulas and sequences if you're not familiar with them. Just step back and ask yourself " what is the total ("the sum"). Total is your average times your count. In this case, list out all the even numbers. Average is 50. There's 11 even integers (your count). 50 X 11 = 550. Add the 11. Boom. 561. I like this way too; list it out and split out the the numbers and do the math. Example: 40 + 0, 40 + 2, 40 + 4...and so forth. Count the number of 40's, which is 5, so 40 x 5 = 200, plus 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 = 20, totals 220. Do the same for the 50s. Remember to add the y. 561 is your total. Forced method is time consuming and causes errors.
Math Expert V
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Posts: 55275
Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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xmagedo wrote:
If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, and y is the number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, what is the value of x+y?

A. 550
B. 551
C.560
D. 561
E. 572

Similar questions to practice:
if-x-is-equal-to-the-sum-of-the-integers-from-30-to-127276.html
if-m-equals-the-sum-of-the-even-integers-from-2-to-128426.html
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GRE 1: Q169 V154 Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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Using the properties of an evenly spaced set=>
Here y=60-40/2+1=11
x=11/2=50*11

x+y=11(50+1)=11*51 = 561

Hence D

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Re: If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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tejal777 wrote:
If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, and y is the number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive, what is the value of x+y?

A. 550
B. 551
C. 560
D. 561
E. 572

Even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive = { 40 , 42 , 44 , 46 , 48 ........56 , 58 , 60 }

Sum will be 40 + 42 + 46 + .....56 + 58 + 60 = 2 ( 20 + 21 + 22..... 30 )

So, Sum will be 40 + 42 + 46 + .....56 + 58 + 60 = 2 *275 = 550

Number of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive is ( 30 - 20 ) + 1 = 11

So, Value of x + y = 561

Answer will hence be (D) 561

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Manager  B
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GMAT 1: 570 Q49 V19 If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60  [#permalink]

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x = sum of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive
y = no. of even integers from 40 to 60 inclusive
x+y = ?

x = 40+42+44+46+.......+60

We need to find the no. of terms between 40 and 60 (both inclusive) which are even in nature.
As per arithmetic progression, the $$n^{th}$$ term of a sequence whose first term is 'a', common difference between 2 consecutive terms is 'd' and the no. of terms in sequence is 'n' is given by:

$$n^{th}$$ term = a+(n-1)d
in the context of this question, we have:

a = 40
n = need to determine
d = 2
$$n^{th}$$ term = 60

60 = 40+(n-1)2

n = 11 = y

now to calculate x, we need to apply the formula for sum of the terms of sequence which is in arithmetic progression.
The formula is given by:
Sum = $$\frac{n}{2}$$(a+last term)

Sum = $$\frac{11}{2}$$(40+60)
x = 550

x+y = 550+11 = 561 If x is equal to the sum of the even integers from 40 to 60   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2018, 01:54
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