GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 25 May 2020, 00:53

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Jun 2016
Posts: 1
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2016, 05:51
smartyman wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...
{Parallelism 2}
absorbing ... and protecting

Therefore, ans: C


hi, thank you for your response but as i'd mentioned before, i DO understand the issue with parallelism but i do understand the explanation i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject
Math Expert
avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8586
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2016, 06:54
1
sepehrsafari wrote:
smartyman wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...
{Parallelism 2}
absorbing ... and protecting

Therefore, ans: C


hi, thank you for your response but as i'd mentioned before, i DO understand the issue with parallelism but i do understand the explanation i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject


Hi,

AND has a role as coordinating conjunction, but it is not that it has to join ONLY two ICs..
I like to eat pasta and pizza....
there are no ICs... It is just one clause joining similar items..

same is the case here..
a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer,
_________________
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 906
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2017, 09:27
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

C
_________________
"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jan 2016
Posts: 172
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Oct 2017, 11:36
I am a little confused here with like vs as.

My understanding is that like is used for noun and as is used for a noun + verb clause. Here, a buffer is a noun, so shouldn't we use like?

Can someone please clarify this? mikemcgarry
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4485
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Oct 2017, 12:21
pra1785 wrote:
I am a little confused here with like vs as.

My understanding is that like is used for noun and as is used for a noun + verb clause. Here, a buffer is a noun, so shouldn't we use like?

Can someone please clarify this? mikemcgarry

Dear pra1785,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

The rule "like for noun, as for verb" is a useful general pattern, but it's far from the last word on comparisons. There are specific idioms associated with the verb "act" that break this pattern. See:
A Tricky GMAT Idiom: “act like” vs. “act as”

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 20 Feb 2015
Posts: 69
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2018, 11:22
Comma+verb-ing modifier modifies preceding clause immediately before it. here- act as buffer
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 14 Dec 2016
Posts: 30
Location: India
GMAT 1: 200 Q49 V37
GPA: 4
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2018, 20:50
SWAT09 wrote:
Comma+verb-ing modifier modifies preceding clause immediately before it. here- act as buffer



Thanks for the reply SWAT09.
But then 'act as buffer' is not doing the action of 'absorbing'. It is the 'buffer' that is doing the action, so ideally there should be no comma.

Please clarify.
Manager
Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 11 Mar 2018
Posts: 230
GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2018, 21:28
jpv wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 56
Page: 646

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb


breakwater of rocks stated in the stem suggests that it will play the role of a buffer. Hence 'as' rounds up doing that much better than like. Also we need to make something after comma in parallel to protecting. Hence only a -ing participle phrase will work here.

So seeing the answer choices on the above -

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs

Explanation - absorbs is removing parallelism. Hence incorrect

(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb

Explanation - absorb is removing parallelism. Hence incorrect

(C) act as a buffer, absorbing

Explanation - uses 'as' correctly. Also maintains parallelism by using -ing form of absorb. Hence Correct.

(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing

Explanation - 'acting' is disrupting parallelism with 'rise'. Hence incorrect.

(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Explanation - absorb is removing parallelism. Hence incorrect

Hence C
_________________
Regards,
AD
----------------

An admiration by anybody is an explanation understood by somebody !!!

Happy GMATing... Go Nuts :)
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 20 Feb 2015
Posts: 69
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2018, 01:42
1
ShashwatPrakash wrote:
SWAT09 wrote:
Comma+verb-ing modifier modifies preceding clause immediately before it. here- act as buffer



Thanks for the reply SWAT09.
But then 'act as buffer' is not doing the action of 'absorbing'. It is the 'buffer' that is doing the action, so ideally there should be no comma.

Please clarify.

ShashwatPrakash the intention here is " absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches" is the result of an activity = a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer. The whole activity of - a breakwater of rocks rising six feet above the waterline and acting as a buffer is doing the action of absorbing and protecting. Its like cause and effect.

if it was ..act as buffer absorbing the energy..... then "absorbing" here will only modify concrete subject "buffer" but then doing so will not present a cause and effect situation.
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 05 Oct 2017
Posts: 60
GMAT 1: 560 Q44 V23
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Nov 2018, 11:32
it very clear to me why we are using "as".
but i am confused with "absorb" vs "absorbing". I know "absorbing" is making the list parallel, but it is modifying
the preceding clause's action (Army Engineers proposed building) and that looks wrong.
_________________

It’s not that I’m so smart, it’s just that I stay with problems longer. -- Albert Einstein
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5551
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Dec 2018, 08:57
Top Contributor
In essence, the ' comma + verbing' phrase modifies both the subject of the preceding clause and the subject's action. The preceding clause may be an IC, a subordinate clause, or a relative clause.
Here, 'the army engineers proposed' is not the preceding clause. It is actually the "a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer". It is "the breakwater that would rise and act", a relative clause that is modified by the absorbing and protecting.
_________________
God grant us the serenity to accept the things we cannot change,
the courage to change the things we can,
and above all the wisdom to know the difference.
The Serenity Prayer - A GMAT aspirant’s first entreaty

Crisp notes on GMAT SC for non- native speakers -91+9884544509
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Jun 2018
Posts: 39
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
SC Grammar Query: , ing verb  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2019, 11:20
I have been using GMAT Pill and this is what it teaches:

If there is a sentence followed by a comma and a ing verb [the ing verb modifies the subject of the sentence]

However, in this sentence:

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

The word "absorbing" is modifying "a breakwater of rocks", whereas the subject of the sentence is "the Amy Corps of Engineers".

I am very confused!
Target Test Prep Representative
User avatar
D
Status: Chief Curriculum and Content Architect
Affiliations: Target Test Prep
Joined: 24 Nov 2014
Posts: 708
GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V51
Re: SC Grammar Query: , ing verb  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Mar 2019, 19:09
What you read is sometimes but not always accurate, because, when a comma precedes a present participial phrase, or verb -ing modifier, what that phrase modifies is not always the subject of the sentence. Rather, such a phrase usually, but not 100 percent of the time, has as its agent, which is basically the subject of the participle, the subject of the preceding subject-verb pair, which subject is sometimes the subject of the sentence and sometimes the subject of a modifying clause.

Here are examples, one of each type.

The dog barked loudly, waking everyone in the house. - The agent of the participle "waking," which begins the closing phrase, is the subject of the sentence, "dog," and the phrase modifies the main clause of the sentence.

The Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches. - The agent of the participle "absorbing," which begins the closing phrase, is the subject of the preceding modifying clause, "that," which refers to "breakwater," and the closing phrase modifies the preceding modifying clause.
_________________

Marty Murray

Chief Curriculum and Content Architect

Marty@targettestprep.com
TTP - Target Test Prep Logo
202 Reviews

5-star rated online GMAT quant
self study course

See why Target Test Prep is the top rated GMAT quant course on GMAT Club. Read Our Reviews

If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" button.

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Oct 2017
Posts: 16
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Mar 2020, 10:38
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

egmat

Taking the snippet from your pdf document on Verb-ING modifiers.

"As mentioned earlier, verb-ing modifiers are made from “verbs” and they denote action. Now,
any action needs a doer. In the same way, the verb-ing modifiers also associate with the subjects
of the preceding clause. What we must keep in mind is that the action denoted by verb-ing must
make sense with the subject of the clause. The use of verb-ing is correct only if it makes sense
with the subject of the clause it is modifying."

Now the correct sentence here ...

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

Now here according to the theory, absorbing and protecting are actions (modifiers) that must be done by a doer.

I don't think it is very clear that 'the Army Corps of Engineers' is doing these actions.

Please help!!!

PS: I have already tagged you in a similar POST. Really confused with both after reading the doc.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Sep 2018
Posts: 75
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2020, 04:01
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.


Meaning: - The Army Corps of Engineers plan to stop the erosion on the Each Coast Beaches. To accomplish this task, they decide to build a breakwater of rocks (breakwater is an expression – simply means a barrier). They expect this plan to achieve two tasks
1) The rocks will absorb the energy of the waves
2) The rocks will protect the beaches

Error:-
1) Parallelism error – it absorbs is not parallel to protecting the beaches


(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb – Like a buffer means the rocks will act similar to a buffer. But the sentence says that the rocks will act exactly as buffers. Hence we need the expression “As”

Remember – “As + noun” is used to describe a function/Role. Eg – Ron joined the company as a CEO. This means Jon’s position in the company is of a CEO


(C) act as a buffer, absorbingCorrect. The parallelism error is rectified. Now Absorbing is parallel to protecting. The use of the expression As is correct


(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing – We again see a parallelism error. In the original sentence, the rocks “rise” six feet and they “act” as a buffer. In this choice, “acting” is not parallel to “rise


(E) acting like a buffer, absorb – Same as (B) (D). The parallelism error still remains
IIMA, IIMC School Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1423
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
CAT Tests
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2020, 07:41
1
sam9312 Abhi077

Quote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

Taking the snippet from your pdf document on Verb-ING modifiers.

"As mentioned earlier, verb-ing modifiers are made from “verbs” and they denote action. Now,
any action needs a doer. In the same way, the verb-ing modifiers also associate with the subjects
of the preceding clause. What we must keep in mind is that the action denoted by verb-ing must
make sense with the subject of the clause. The use of verb-ing is correct only if it makes sense
with the subject of the clause it is modifying."

Now the correct sentence here ...

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

Now here according to the theory, absorbing and protecting are actions (modifiers) that must be done by a doer.

I don't think it is very clear that 'the Army Corps of Engineers' is doing these actions.

Please help!!!


Let me try to help.

Quote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.


Here, absorbing and protecting are modifying the subject of earlier dependent clause:
that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer,
BUT, what does that refer to: breakwater of rocks
It is the rocks that are protecting and absorbing the beaches.

A small tip: try to pay heed to non-underlined sentence and the ||el marker: AND.
I hope you do get time to get to meaning under timed conditions, but why not take few low hanging fruits when GMAC gives them ;)
Hope this helps.
_________________
It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Feeling stressed, you are not alone!!
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2020, 07:41

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 36 posts ] 

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne