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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of

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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 Sep 2018, 02:04
3
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A
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C
D
E

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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

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Originally posted by nakib77 on 01 Nov 2005, 05:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Sep 2018, 02:04, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 07:23
1
nakib77 wrote:
3. In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb


Is it C?

Act as a buffer seems correct. If we say absorbing then it agrees with the protecting (bold / underlined) part of the question
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 10:36
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C.

Parallelism is being used here - it must be act to parallel rise and must be absorbing to mirror protecting.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2011, 04:19
1
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Parallelism--that would rise and act
So that leaves us with A,B,C. act like vs. act as. Act like means act similar to. Act as means function as. Here Act as is correct use meaning wise. So between A and C, we have so that it absorbs vs. absorbing.
There is one more parallelism here. absorbing anf protecting. So D is correct.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2014, 03:10
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1
nakib77 wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb



ideom + parallelism


Ideom:

you say "act AS", not "act LIKE" in this context. "You act like a crazy person" means you act in the same way that a crazy person does. You "act AS a crazy person" means you act as if you are a crazy person. The buffer is not supposed to mimic some other things MO, it is supposed to completely be the same as that other thing. So the breakwater functions precisely the same way that a buffer does, in this context.

Parallelism:

look to the right of the underlined portion.. We have protecting.. This is a present participle. So, we need a present participle in the underlined portion. Only C and D have this, the problem with D is that act is not supposed to be present participle, it distorts the meaning of the author.

So, C is our choice
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2014, 02:28
Can anyone help to demonstrate what the role of "building parallel" in the non-underlined portion is? I can't understand why GMAC doesn't use "proposed to build parallel"? I thought the correct idiom is "propose to V" or "propose +Noun".
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2014, 03:12
LucyDang wrote:
Can anyone help to demonstrate what the role of "building parallel" in the non-underlined portion is? I can't understand why GMAC doesn't use "proposed to build parallel"? I thought the correct idiom is "propose to V" or "propose +Noun".

When two verb forms appear together (propose and build in this case), there are no grammatical rules that govern whether the second verb (build in this case) should be in infinitive (to build) or gerund (building).

Since this is just a matter of writing preference, it is unlikely that test takers would be presented with two answer choices, whose only difference is Verb1 + infinitive Verb2 and Verb1 + Gerund Verb2.

Having said that, there is a question in OG-13, where the only difference is Verb1 + infinitive Verb2 and Verb1 + Gerund Verb2.

#18, OG-13:

Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.
(D) and create a special nongovernment organization for taking
(E) and create a special nongovernment organization to take


E is the correct answer above, and OE mentions for taking as unidiomatic.

However, as I mentioned above, we believe it is unlikely that these questions would come up in your exam.

Out of curiosity, I did a google search and landed on this page: http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerund_or_infinitive_same_list.htm, which suggests that propose is one of the few verbs, which can be followed by both infinitives and gerunds, with a negligible difference in meaning.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the concept of two verb forms appearing together, their application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2016, 10:10
nakib77 wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb


[X] - A -It is ambiguous - it can refer to: buffer, waterline, breakwater; Rise/absorbs are not parallel.
[X] - B - the comparison is not of nouns, but of their functions. Hence, the use of like is incorrect.
[V] - C - "as + noun" can denote a function/role/capacity of; the v-ing correctly provides more information on the "how" aspect of the previous verb - act. "how would act as a buffer?" "by absorbing... and protecting...".
[X] - D - acting/rise are not parallel.
[X] - E - acting/rise are not parallel; use of like is incorrect here as mentioned in choice B.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2017, 12:21
replying to a request:

vigneshwaran101201

As + noun - is not used for comparison here. As+noun is correct when we have to explain that something is being used in THE ROLE of smth else.
I don't see anything wrong with C - as it says that the rocks will have the "function/role" of the buffer.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 10:27
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2018, 18:57
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of &nbs [#permalink] 15 Sep 2018, 18:57
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