itwarriorkarve wrote:
In an opera theater. there are 300 seats available. When all the seats in the theater are sold out, the price of each ticket is $60. For every $1 increase in the price of the ticket, the number of seats sold decreases by 2. How much should the theater owner charge for each seat to make maximum profit?
A)$87 B)$95 C) $105 D) $120 E) $127
I'm not a big fan of this question. The only approach (without using techniques that are out of scope for the GMAT) is TEST THE ANSWERS, and the great thing about most GMAT math problems is that they can be solved using more than 1 approach.
To see what I mean, consider this algebraic approach:
Let x = the number of dollars added to the price of the ticket.
So, the new ticket price =
60+x dollars.
For every $1 increase in the price of the ticket, the number of seats sold decreases by 2. So,
300-2x = the number of seats sold.
Revenue = (ticket price)(# seats sold)
So, revenue = (
60+x)(
300-2x)
Expand to get: revenue = 18,000 + 300x - 120n - 2x²
Simplify and rearrange to get: revenue = -2x² + 180x + 18,000
So our goal is to find the value of x that MAXIMIZES the value of -2x² + 180x + 18,000
1) One approach is to use
calculus and find the
derivative of -2x² + 180x + 18,000 and blah blah blah...(OUT OF SCOPE!)
2) Another approach is to recognize that y = -2x² + 180x + 18,000 represents a downward parabola AND the coordinates of the vertex (at the TOP of the parabola) represent the information that MAXIMIZES profits.
So, let's use approach #2 and try to determine the vertex of the parabola described by y = -2x² + 180x + 18,000
We'll use a process called COMPLETING THE SQUARE (which is also beyond the scope of the GMAT)
[more on completing the square here http://www.mathsisfun.com/algebra/compl ... quare.html]Start with: y = -2x² + 180x + 18,00
Factor -2 from first two terms to get: y = -2(x² - 90x) + 18,000
Complete the square to get: y = -2(x² - 90x +
2025 - 2025) + 18,000
Expand and remove -2025 from brackets to get: y = -2(x² - 90x +
2025) + 4050 +18,000
NOTE: Through our handwork, x² - 90x + 2025 is a square that can be factored!
Simplify and rewrite to get: y = -2(x - 45)² + 22,050
Now that we've rewritten our equation in this nice form, we can see that the vertex of the parabola has coordinates (45, 22050)
22050 is the HIGHEST POINT of the parabola, which means the MAXIMUM revenue is $22,050
45 is the value of x that achieves this maximum revenue
So, to maximize revenue, we must add $45 to the ticket price to get $60 + $45 = $105
Answer: C
Cheers,
Brent
_________________
Test confidently with gmatprepnow.com