GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 21 Feb 2019, 16:09

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar

February 21, 2019

February 21, 2019

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

Kick off your 2019 GMAT prep with a free 7-day boot camp that includes free online lessons, webinars, and a full GMAT course access. Limited for the first 99 registrants! Feb. 21st until the 27th.
• ### Free GMAT RC Webinar

February 23, 2019

February 23, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Learn reading strategies that can help even non-voracious reader to master GMAT RC. Saturday, February 23rd at 7 AM PT

# In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1037
In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Feb 2008, 09:42
2
Question 1
00:00

based on 15 sessions

7% (00:52) correct 93% (02:53) wrong

### HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00

based on 17 sessions

56% (00:53) correct 44% (00:29) wrong

### HideShow timer Statistics

In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied around egalitarian ideals, but few reformers advocated higher education for women. Although the public decried women’s lack of education, it did not encourage learning for its own sake for women. In spite of the general prejudice against learned women, there was one place where women could exhibit their erudition: the literary salon. Many writers have defined the woman’s role in the salon as that of an intelligent hostess, but the salon had more than a social function for women. It was an informal university, too, where women exchanged ideas with educated persons, read their own works and heard those of others, and received and gave criticism.

In the 1750’s, when salons were firmly established in France, some English women, who called themselves “Bluestocking,” followed the example of the salonnieres (French salon hostesses) and formed their own salons. Most Bluestockings did not wish to mirror the salonnieres; they simply desired to adapt a proven formula to their own purpose—the elevation of women’s status through moral and intellectual training. Differences in social orientation and background can account perhaps for differences in the nature of French and English salons. The French salon incorporated aristocratic attitudes that exalted courtly pleasure and emphasized artistic accomplishments. The English Bluestockings, originating from a more modest background, emphasized learning and work over pleasure. Accustomed to the regimented life of court circles, salonnieres tended toward formality in their salons. The English women, though somewhat puritanical, were more casual in their approach.

At first, the Bluestockings did imitate the salonnieres by including men in their circles. However, as they gained cohesion, the Bluestockings came to regard themselves as a women’s group and to possess a sense of female solidarity lacking in the salonnieres, who remained isolated from one another by the primacy each held in her own salon. In an atmosphere of mutual support, the Bluestockings went beyond the salon experience. They traveled, studied, worked, wrote for publication, and by their activities challenged the stereotype of the passive woman. Although the salonnieres were aware of sexual inequality, the narrow boundaries of their world kept their intellectual pursuits within conventional limits. Many salonnieres, in fact, camouflaged their nontraditional activities behind the role of hostess and deferred to men in public.

Though the Bluestockings were trailblazers when compared with the salonnieres, they were not feminists. They were too traditional, too hemmed in by their generation to demand social and political rights. Nonetheless, in their desire for education, their willingness to go beyond the confines of the salon in pursuing their interests, and their championing of unity among women, the Bluestockings began the process of questioning women’s role in society.

22.Which of the following could best be considered a twentieth-century counterpart of an eighteenth century literary salon as it is described in the passage?

(A) A social sorority
(B) A community center
(C) A lecture course on art
(D) A humanities study group
(E) An association of moral reformers

24.Which of the following titles best describes the content of the passage?

(A) Eighteenth-Century Egalitarianism
(B) Feminists of the Eighteenth Century
(C) Eighteenth-Century Precursors of Feminism
(D) Intellectual Life in the Eighteenth Century
(E) Female Education Reform in the Eighteenth Century

Intern
Joined: 07 Oct 2007
Posts: 19
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Feb 2008, 03:35
22 A
24 E

If I'm right I will explain..
VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1037
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Feb 2008, 04:47
1
22 A
24 E

If I'm right I will explain..

I am sorry, but you aren't. anyway, try to explain...
Intern
Joined: 07 Oct 2007
Posts: 19
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Feb 2008, 05:29
Ok, I'm always fighting with RC

in 22 I inatentively read the 1st paragraph and thought it was only for women, so A - out
C and E are out because it was an informal university, but not a course or an association
Between B & D my choice is D, because it's more connected with education and erudition

24: (E) Female Education Reform in the Eighteenth Century - out now
(A) Eighteenth-Century Egalitarianism - out (too generilzed)
(B) Feminists of the Eighteenth Century - out (they were not feminists, as the last par.said)
(C) Eighteenth-Century Precursors of Feminism - should be the answer
(D) Intellectual Life in the Eighteenth Century - out (too generilzed)

So, my answers now are D & C
VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1037
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Feb 2008, 05:37
Ok, I'm always fighting with RC

in 22 I inatentively read the 1st paragraph and thought it was only for women, so A - out
C and E are out because it was an informal university, but not a course or an association
Between B & D my choice is D, because it's more connected with education and erudition

24: (E) Female Education Reform in the Eighteenth Century - out now
(A) Eighteenth-Century Egalitarianism - out (too generilzed)
(B) Feminists of the Eighteenth Century - out (they were not feminists, as the last par.said)
(C) Eighteenth-Century Precursors of Feminism - should be the answer
(D) Intellectual Life in the Eighteenth Century - out (too generilzed)

So, my answers now are D & C
.

it's right. can you explain me 22 in details? thanks
Intern
Joined: 07 Oct 2007
Posts: 19
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Feb 2008, 07:48
Yeah, sure

(A) A social sorority - out (sorority is a female-only organization, but males also took part in salons)
(B) A community center - out (leisure club, can include not only erudition and education)
(C) A lecture course on art - out (art is out of scope - women studied humanities)
(D) A humanities study group - right one (group, that studies humanities - literature, poetry etc.)
(E) An association of moral reformers - out (it was an informal institute, not association. moreover, intellectual training also took place)

Something like that
Intern
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 1
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 May 2015, 04:48
Thanks a lot for the answers man.. Now it makes sense why are those the answers
Can you tell why is the answer not Female Educational reform in the 18th century ? Is it because it involves only selective group of motivated females ?
MBA Section Director
Affiliations: GMATClub
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 2112
Concentration: Nonprofit
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Dec 2018, 22:26

+1 kudos to the posts containing answer explanations of all questions

_________________
Manager
Joined: 10 Mar 2016
Posts: 80
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GMAT 1: 550 Q44 V23
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Dec 2018, 11:58
22.Which of the following could best be considered a twentieth-century counterpart of an eighteenth century literary salon as it is described in the passage?
The question asks about what was salon in eighteenth century, according to me

(A) A social sorority - Inconsistent. It was informal university
(B) A community center - Inconsistent.
(C) A lecture course on art - Inconsistent. Not only specific to art
(D) A humanities study group - " where women exchanged ideas with educated persons, read their own works and heard those of others, and received and gave criticism." more related to Humanities
(E) An association of moral reformers - out of scope

24.Which of the following titles best describes the content of the passage?

(A) Eighteenth-Century Egalitarianism - not specific to Equality
(B) Feminists of the Eighteenth Century - Opposite, As stated in last para
(C) Eighteenth-Century Precursors of Feminism - "In the 1750’s, when salons were firmly established in France, some English women, who called themselves “Bluestocking,” followed the example of the salonnieres (French salon hostesses) and formed their own salons." They adopted on their own.
(D) Intellectual Life in the Eighteenth Century - Out of scope. More related to Women
(E) Female Education Reform in the Eighteenth Century - Inconsistent, Not related to only education
_________________

Please Hit Kudos if you like my post useful.

Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 11:58
Display posts from previous: Sort by