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# In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their

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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 03:20
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:48) correct 38% (01:56) wrong based on 245 sessions

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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.

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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 04:15
C...

Conclusion = By giving pills for simple diseases parents are causing harm..

C is telling that what if the diseases are not present.In this case the pills won't cause any harm.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 04:27
aragonn wrote:
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.

+1 for C

Conclusion: By giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.
Premise: It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus

What if the lethal viral diseases are not present in western countries. Then there is no harm, as immune system would not face those lethal viruses.

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
-Incorrect. Types of pills is irrelevant
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
- Incorrect. Infant mortality rate doesn't matter here. Irrelevant
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
- Correct. As per our pre thinking, this is important to know.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
- Incorrect. % of people taking pills is not in question. People taking pills are harmed or not in the question.
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
- Incorrect. New pills? Not in question. Irrelevant
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 06:04
I beg to differ.
If the answer to C is YES then the conclusion is strengthened.
If the answer to C is NO then does that mean the conclusion is weakened ?
If the lethal virus is not found in the west then that doesn't necessarily mean that parents are not necessarily harming their kids by giving them pills.
What if the child contracts this viral infection in Africa or Asia ?
This case should weaken the conclusion but it is strengthening it.

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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 06:27
pkshankar wrote:
I beg to differ.
If the answer to C is YES then the conclusion is strengthened.
If the answer to C is NO then does that mean the conclusion is weakened ?
If the lethal virus is not found in the west then that doesn't necessarily mean that parents are not necessarily harming their kids by giving them pills.
What if the child contracts this viral infection in Africa or Asia ?
This case should weaken the conclusion but it is strengthening it.

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pkshankar

First question you can ask yourself is
Does Africa come under western country category ?
Yes = Then as per C, the lethal viral diseases mentioned are not found in Africa (Western country).
No = Then it is irrelevant as we are talking about western countries.

Hope this is clear!
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2018, 05:31

Official Explanation:

We’ll look for an answer that helps us estimate whether the overall effect of giving children pills against simple viruses is positive or negative.
(A) is irrelevant – whatever the pills are, we’re looking for their effect.
(B) doesn’t really interest us – since we wish to compare the effect of the pills later in the child’s life.
(C) is an important piece of information; since the downside of using these pills is making the children vulnerable to serious diseases, it’s essential to find out whether these diseases even exist in the countries where children receive the pills. This is what we’re looking for!
(D) The argument is about those parents who do give pills, whatever their percentage is.
(E) could be important in the future, but the argument is about parents who give their children pills today – not relevant!
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2019, 21:05
I really beg to differ on this one. My question to the author is:
Just becausethe diseases dont happen in americas, does not really mean that they will never happen. I mean this is what the argument is about, that these diseases may happen in future and the immunity system of childrean will not be fully developed by then.
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their c  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 13 Jun 2019, 05:41
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.

B Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.

C Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.

D What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills

E Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.

Originally posted by akash7gupta11 on 13 Jun 2019, 05:37.
Last edited by akash7gupta11 on 13 Jun 2019, 05:41, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2019, 06:01
akash7gupta11, please check before posting. Topics have been merged.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2019, 06:10
nightblade354, I googled it and could not find it. Therefore I posted. Normally when I google a gmat question, it pops up.

VeritasKarishma, hello Karishma , I do not get why C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western
countries is important.
Because the argument only gives an example we do not know the full list.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2019, 22:34
1
akash7gupta11 wrote:
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.

B Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.

C Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.

D What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills

E Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.

I arrived at the answer by POE. Otherwise, the answer option is questionable.

- Pills are used to overcome viral.
- This doesn't let the immune system develop fully.
- So it is unable to deal with some lethal diseases such as ...

Conclusion: By giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Useful to evaluate:

A What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.

What the pills are doesn't matter. They don't let the immune system develop properly which leads to harm.

B Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.

Infant mortality rate is irrelevant here. We are anyway talking about children. Also, mortality rate would depend on N other factors too.

C Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.

Well, in a way it is useful to evaluate. If the lethal viral diseases that the immune system will not be able to deal with (examples are just examples. The argument and this option both mean the lethal viral diseases that the immune system may not be able to handle) are anyway not present in Western countries, there may be no harm. But if we consider that "harm" means not fully developed immune system, then this point may be irrelevant. When children travel, they could be exposed to such illnesses. Hence, if harm means not having the potential to fight these illnesses, then this point is irrelevant. But we will still keep it in mind and move forward.

D What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills

Irrelevant. The conclusion says that "by giving these pills..." so the condition is that if you give pills, you are harming your child. How many actually give is irrelevant.

E Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.

A prediction about the future is irrelevant. We are talking about the current scenario only. Right now, if you give pills, you are harming your child.

Since we found no other relevant option, answer must be (C).
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2019, 21:47
Quote:
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.

The right answer is C. The trick to making "evaluate" conclusions easier is to identify the conclusion, and then look for a statement that BOTH helps and hurts it. In this case, it's that "by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them". So what you need to find is a statement which, if answered yes, should help/hurt the conclusion, and if answered no, should do the other.

C does this because if yes, the conclusion is sound. If not, the conclusion is not sound anymore. One possible tip to look out for is that the answer options should be answerable as a binary (yes/no, high/low, many/few).

- Matoo
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2019, 21:47
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