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# In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it

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Manager
Joined: 11 Aug 2009
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In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2009, 07:34
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４． In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
(B) it and prime it and paint it
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it
(D) the surface and apply primer before you
apply paint to the surface
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

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Manager
Joined: 08 Nov 2005
Posts: 180

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29 Sep 2009, 09:59
D
A,B,C is wrong before it can refer to paint or surface
E is not making it clear that you have to sand and prime BEFORE applying paint

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Manager
Joined: 11 Aug 2009
Posts: 121

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30 Sep 2009, 07:59
OA appearing on Brutal SC thread is A.
not quite clear with this.

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Manager
Affiliations: CFA Level 2 Candidate
Joined: 29 Jun 2009
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Schools: RD 2: Darden Class of 2012

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01 Oct 2009, 11:21
"it" is ok to use here as it correctly refers to rough surface - paint in this context is a verb not the noun.

However I can't justify A as it is not parallel.

C is out because after the 2nd comma the GMAT usually wants an "and"
Between A and B I would have chosen B - anyone know a rule for A?

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SVP
Affiliations: HEC
Joined: 28 Sep 2009
Posts: 1635

Kudos [?]: 684 [0], given: 432

Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V44

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27 Oct 2009, 17:25
A - The first "it" is a placeholder, and is therefore acceptable.
B - Needs two commas.
C - "Then" appears too many times.
D - Too wordy.
E - Wordy and lacks a comma.

Options B, C, and E are easy to eliminate. Choice D sounds awkward; the word "surface" is used three times in one sentence.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 299

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28 Oct 2009, 10:05
(D) for me also.
All other options, "it" may refer to the surface or the primer. So even if surface appears 3 times, it looks necessary in this construction. OA?

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Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2009
Posts: 213

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28 Oct 2009, 12:36
rightly said..........
'it' in option A is a placeholder and is not referring to the surface.
So the second 'it' correctly has surface as its antecedent.

So A is the best choice in this one.

Can anyone explain whether option E would be correct if it were '(E) the surface, apply primer to it, and then paint it ' instead of ' (E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it' ??

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Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Sep 2009
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GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38

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07 Nov 2009, 19:20
kairoshan wrote:
４． In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint"it" unambiguously refers to the rough surface - Pleas note that "it" is not a placeholder here - there is nothing to postpone
(B) it and prime it and paint it I dont have a concrete explanation why I wouldnt choose B - it just sounds wrong(As the GMAT guru's say - it is stylistically wrong)
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it no and before ,then
(D) the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface to sand.....and apply are not parallel - to sand ....and to apply would be considered parallel
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it
to sand.......and then paint it are not parallel

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Manager
Joined: 19 Oct 2009
Posts: 53

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11 Nov 2009, 13:02
kairoshan wrote:
４． In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
(B) it and prime it and paint it
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it
(D) the surface and apply primer before you
apply paint to the surface
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

IMO A

I think that we can properly say "sand it" without ambiguity because there is not one available noun "it" could refer to other than "surface." The first "it" is solely a placeholder.

B- Too many "it's"

C- Too many it's, not succinct, and it is not suggested that you need to sand before priming

D- Repetitive, too long, use of "you"

E- Repetitive

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 2

Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2009
Posts: 183

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 1

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12 Nov 2009, 09:21
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
(B) it and prime it and paint it
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it
(D) the surface and apply primer before you
apply paint to the surface
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

The trick in the question is to see the clause "IN ORDER TO EFFECTIVELY AND EVENLY PAINT A ROUGH SURFACE"
Question has already defined the subject (ROUGH SURFACE) and action (PAINT)
all that needs to be done is to define the thing to be painted it with
Now lets look at the options
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
subject is the ROUGH SURFACE and hence IT clearly refers to ROUGH SURFACE
"and apply primer..." states the action and stuff with which to paint
ABSOLUTELY CORRECT
B)it and prime it and paint it
First of all AND is used incorrectly
Action of PAINT has already been stated in the first part...OUT
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it
Same problem,PAINT used again..OUT
D) the surface and apply primer before you
apply paint to the surface
Here PAINT is reused,ROUGH SURFACE is repetedly used,IT should be used..OUT
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it
same issue as stated before

OA in Brutal doc stands correct

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 1

Re: Brutal #4   [#permalink] 12 Nov 2009, 09:21
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