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# In the figure above, if RS is the diameter of the circle and ST = 2

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53066
In the figure above, if RS is the diameter of the circle and ST = 2  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2017, 22:22
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79% (00:45) correct 21% (02:22) wrong based on 30 sessions

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In the figure above, if RS is the diameter of the circle and ST = 2, what is the area of the circle?

(A) 2π
(B) 2π√2
(C) 4π√2
(D) 8π
(E) 8π√2

Attachment:

2017-11-23_2025_002.png [ 6.3 KiB | Viewed 912 times ]

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Joined: 23 Nov 2017
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GMAT 1: 720 Q51 V36
In the figure above, if RS is the diameter of the circle and ST = 2  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2017, 00:26
1
RST is a right isosceles triangle. Angles are 45, 45, and 90.

Sides opposite these angles are in the ratio 1 : 1 : √2.

ST is a side opposite one of the 45 degrees and measures 2 units.
Therefore, side RS opposite to 90 degrees will measure 2√2 units.

RS is the diameter of the circle = 2√2 units. So, radius of the circle is √2 units.
Area = π(√2)^2 = 2π

Choice A
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Re: In the figure above, if RS is the diameter of the circle and ST = 2  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2017, 11:47
1
Bunuel wrote:

In the figure above, if RS is the diameter of the circle and ST = 2, what is the area of the circle?

(A) 2π
(B) 2π√2
(C) 4π√2
(D) 8π
(E) 8π√2

Attachment:
2017-11-23_2025_002.png

$$RT = ST = 2$$
$$RS^2 = RT^2 + ST^2 = 4 + 4 = 8$$
$$RS = \sqrt{8}$$
$$\frac{RS}{2} = \frac{\sqrt{8}}{2} = r$$
$$\pi * r^2 = Area = \pi * \frac{8}{4} = 2\pi$$
Re: In the figure above, if RS is the diameter of the circle and ST = 2   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2017, 11:47
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# In the figure above, if RS is the diameter of the circle and ST = 2

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