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# It has recently been discovered that many attributions of paintings

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Re: It has recently been discovered that many attributions of paintings [#permalink]

Could you please share the OA for Q1?

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Re: It has recently been discovered that many attributions of paintings [#permalink]
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Passage Summary

Topic and Scope:

Rembrandt’s approach to art; specifically, how one scholar treats the issue of art vs. commerce in Rembrandt’s aesthetic.

Purpose and Main Idea:

The author’s purpose is to evaluate the persuasiveness of Alpers’ argument that Rembrandt’s art was largely if not wholly determined by his (Rembrandt’s) view of the art marketplace. In the end, the author finds this view too limited, granting some of Alpers’ points but arguing that the view of Rembrandt-as-businessman misses some of the importance and validity of Rembrandt-as-artistic-genius. Both viewpoints have merit and should be part of the (pardon the pun) picture.

Paragraph Structure:

Paragraph 1 begins with two fact-filled sentences that mention the possibly false Rembrandts that Alpers (according to sentence 3) uses as a jumping-off point for her “provocative discussion” of Rembrandt’s work. The alert critical reader will notice that Alpers, or a pronoun referring to her, is mentioned in virtually every sentence in Paragraph 2. This fact alone ought to indicate the role of the Paragraph: to describe Alpers’ interpretation, or more specifically, to provide evidence for Alpers’ claim in the first sentence that Rembrandt controlled his art to an “unprecedented” degree. The most potent sentence is the fifth one: According to Alpers, everything to Rembrandt was \$\$\$.

Paragraph 3 may have surprised you. Prior to 2nd Paragraph, our author gives every indication that she agrees with Alpers all the way, but suddenly there’s a shift: Everything we’ve just read in Paragraph 2, we suddenly realize, puts too much emphasis on commerce. In the extended example, the author contrasts Alpers’ interpretation of Claudius Civilis (i.e. Rembrandt left it undone in order to get more cash) with her own (i.e. the painting isn’t undone but simply exemplifies the artist’s “meditative style”).

Paragraph 3 continues with other non-commercial factors that ought to be considered, and ends with a clear reference back to the first sentences of Paragraph 1: Yes, every painting that’s signed “Rembrandt” may not be a Rembrandt, but his art isn’t just a matter of dollars and cents (or guilders), either.
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Re: It has recently been discovered that many attributions of paintings [#permalink]
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antony1995 wrote:

Could you please share the OA for Q1?

Explanation

1. Which one of the following best summarizes the main conclusion of the author of the passage?

Difficulty Level: 650

Explanation

The right answer to this “main conclusion” Global question must encompass both the author’s interest in Alpers’ ideas, and her demurrer that Alpers is all wet in stressing only the commercial aspects of Rembrandt’s art. The respectful rhetoric assigned to Rembrandt’s art in Paragraph 3 makes it clear that to our author, \$\$\$ is far from the whole story. (D) gets it right.

(A) The big differences between Rembrandt and other contemporary artists have to do with his “unprecedentedly firm control” and his belief in free enterprise over patronage. But these are Alpers’ views, and in Paragraph 2 only. The scope of the passage is Alpers’ treatment of Rembrandt, and because the conclusion about Alpers is missing from (A), this choice won’t do.

(B) is Alpers’ view, but lacks the corrective element that the passage author stresses and (D) picks up on.

(C)’s “one of the first” is meant to evoke “unprecedentedly,” but that’s all that should make (C) appealing. What was without precedent was Rembrandt’s control, not his view of art as a commodity. (C)’s scope is too narrow and lacks the passage’s focus on critiquing Alpers.

(E) may be even more narrow than (C), even more lacking in a discussion of Alpers’ views and in the comparison of Rembrandt as businessman vs. Rembrandt as genius.

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Re: It has recently been discovered that many attributions of paintings [#permalink]
Masterscorp wrote:
Alright, I'm the first one to comment on this passage. I hope that I can provide some insight for others.

Question 3: According to the passage, late seventeenth-and early eighteenth-century Chinese records are important for which of the following reasons?
(A) They suggest that the data on which the Maunder minimum was predicated were incorrect.
(B) They suggest that the Maunder minimum cannot be related to climate.
(C) They suggest that the Maunder minimum might be valid only for Europe.
(D) They establish the existence of a span of unusually cold weather worldwide at the time of the Maunder minimum.
(E) They establish that solar activity at the time of the Maunder minimum did not significantly vary from its present pattern.

Quote:
The Maunder minimum has been linked to a span of unusual cold in Europe extending from the sixteenth to the early nineteenth centuries. The reality of the Maunder minimum has yet to be established, however, especially since the records that Chinese naked eye observers of solar activity made at that time appear to contradict it.

This passage explains that the Chinese observors didn't find any proof for the theory that the Maunder minimum was related the unusual cold period in Europe. Thus, the data used to theorize about the Maunder minimum turned out to be invalid. Therefore, A) is correct.

Question 4: It can be inferred from the passage that the argument in favor of the model described in lines 37-45 would be strengthened if which of the following were found to be true? (A) Episodes of intense volcanic eruptions in the distant past occurred in cycles having very long periodicities.
(B) At the present time the global level of thunderstorm activity increases and decreases in cycles with periodicities of approximately 11 years.
(C) In the distant past cyclical climatic changes had periodicities of longer than 200 years.
(D) In the last century the length of the sunspot cycle has been known to vary by as much as 2 years from its average periodicity of 11 years.
(E) Hundreds of millions of years ago, solar-activity cycles displayed the same periodicities as do present-day solar-activity cycles.

Quote:
The first supposes that the Sun's internal motions (caused by rotation and convection) interact with its large-scale magnetic field to produce a dynamo, a device in which mechanical energy is converted into the energy of a magnetic field. In short, the Sun's large-scale magnetic field is taken to be self-sustaining, so that the solar-activity cycle it drives would be maintained with little overall change for perhaps billions of years

This theory states, in contrast to the other one, that the Sun's magnetic field is continuously provided with new energy and therefore won't change over a long period of time. That's why E) supports this theory very well as E) explains that the periodicities didn't change over a period of hundreds of millions of years. If the periodicities didn't change a lot then the magnetic field didn't change a lot too, a fact that strongly supports the first theory.

I hope that helps

I believe you missed the topic))
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Re: It has recently been discovered that many attributions of paintings [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: It has recently been discovered that many attributions of paintings [#permalink]
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