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It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a larg

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It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a larg  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Mar 2019, 01:43
12
9
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

66% (02:01) correct 34% (02:15) wrong based on 551 sessions

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It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age. It has frequently been assumed that plagues, wars, and harsh working conditions killed off most people in previous ages before they could reach old age. However, recent research shows that in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population. The studies also revealed that although infant mortality remained high until the 20th century in Europe, people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old.

The portions in boldface play which of the following roles in the argument above?


A. The first is a conclusion that the author supports. The second is data that contradicts that conclusion.

B. The first is a finding that the author contests. The second is a finding that the author accepts.

C. The first is an assumption that the author thinks is invalid. The second is data that validates that assumption.

D. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is a finding that supports the author’s position.

E. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is an assumption which, if valid, negates the author’s view.

Originally posted by mun23 on 07 Dec 2012, 12:45.
Last edited by Bunuel on 21 Mar 2019, 01:43, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a larg  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2012, 13:11
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mun23 wrote:
It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age. It has frequently been assumed that plagues, wars, and harsh working conditions killed off most people in previous ages before they could reach old age. However, recent research shows that in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population. The studies also revealed that although infant mortality remained high until the 20th century in Europe, people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old.

The portions in boldface play which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. The first is a conclusion that the author supports. The second is data that contradicts that conclusion.
B. The first is a finding that the author contests. The second is a finding that the author accepts.
C. The first is an assumption that the author thinks is invalid. The second is data that validates that assumption.
D. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is a finding that supports the author’s position.
E. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is an assumption which, if valid, negates the author’s view.

Need explanation..........
If anyone find this post helpful plz give me+1 kudos


"our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age" is an assumption/position. The last two sentences of the argument provide information counter to this position so you know the author opposes it (use of "However"). A can be eliminated since it states "author supports" the first bold.

The argument also did not present the first bold as a "finding", but presents it as a thought and counters it. B can be eliminated

" in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population" is counter to the first bold. The first says the "modern age" would be the only ("it is unique") age to have people live into old age. If 10% of the population in 17th Century Europe lives into their 60's, then living into old age is not unique to the modern age. Therefore, the second bold counters the first bold and supports the author's position.

C can be eliminated - The second bold does not validate the first bold; it does the opposite.
E can be eliminated - The second assumption does not counter the author's view; it supports the author's views.

D Correct
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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a larg  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 06:29
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Let us take a look at the answer options --

Option A - Incorrect

The first boldface is not something that the author supports.

Option B - Incorrect

"It is often thought that ..." suggests that this is not a "finding", but an opinion held by some people.

Option C - Incorrect

The second boldface does not validate the first boldface (which is mentioned as an assumption); rather, it goes against it.

Option D - Correct answer

The author's disagreement with the first boldface can be inferred through the usage of the word "however".

Option E - Incorrect

the second does not invalidate the author's view. Rather the author's view is based on that finding.
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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a larg  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 17:20
When the author uses however he is oppossing the premise in the first boldface. The second boldface supports author’s position that “people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old”. Answer: D

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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a larg   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 17:20
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