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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
winterschool wrote:
Q1. Health care advocate: The advantages of eating fish are many; unfortunately fish consumption in Colton is extremely low. Splitting hairs over whether one fish has less omega-3 fatty acid per serving than other types of fish when the total fat content is low seems to miss the point. Colton’s policy-makers should encourage people to eat more fish, and then worry about fine-tuning either the fish’s diet or our diet to edge up the omega-3 content. Which of the following , if true , most seriously weakens the Health Care Advocate’s reasoning above? A. Sales of many common types of fish rich in omega-3 fatty acid have increased over recent years. B. Heavy consumption of omega-3 fatty acid frequently results in symptoms, such as headaches, and even joint pain. C. On average, people consumer 5 percent less omega-3 fatty acid today than they did 10 years ago. D. Most of Colton’s population already consume a comparable amount of food rich in omega-3 content from sources other than fish. E. Many adults currently consumer no omega-3 fatty acid from fish or from sources other than fish. Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. A fossil recently discovered in Marlandia, a chain of islands, proves that a present-day reptile indigenous to Marlandia is descended from an ancient reptile species that lived on the islands millions of years ago. The finding is surprising since the ancestral species was thought to have become extinct when Marlandia was submerged in a global sea-level rise twenty-five million years ago. Based on the new discovery, many scientists have concluded that the sea-level rise in question left at least part of Marlandia unsubmerged. Which of the following would, if true, provide the most additional support for the scientists’ conclusion? A. Reptiles in Marlandia have adapted to many environmental changes since the sea-level rise. B. Marlandia separated from a much larger landmass about eighty million years ago. C. No fossils that prove the relationship between the present-day species and the ancestral species have been found anywhere other than Marlandia. D. The present-day reptiles are able to thrive on very tiny Marlandia islands. E. The ancestral reptiles could not have survived long at sea. Difficulty - Hard



CR Questions February - 19 :

Q1. Scientists have modified salmon embryos genetically to increasing the embryo‖s hardiness and longevity when it grows into an adult salmon. Fish harvesters, those who grow and sell fish domestically, who tried out the genetically modified salmon embryos last year used and therefore spent less on vaccinations and medication for the fish and still got a yield (healthy fish meat that can be processed and sold as canned food) comparable to that they had got with ordinary salmon. Ordinary embryos, however, cost less, and what these fish harvesters saved on vaccines and medication was exceeded by the extra costs of the genetically engineered embryos. Therefore, for most fish harvesters, switching to genetically modified salmon embryos would be unlikely to increase profits.

The answer to which of the questions would help evaluate the conclusion that the profits are unlikely to increase.


(A) Whether there are diseases that sometimes reduce fish yield, but against which commonly used medicines, vaccination, and genetic modification are equally ineffective

(B) Whether the price that fish harvesters receive for fish yield for salmon has remained steady over the past few years

(C) Whether the vaccinations and medication typically used on fish tend to be more expensive than those typically used on other fish types

(D) Whether most of the fish harvesters who tried the genetically modified salmon embryos last year used more vaccination and medication than was actually necessary

(E) Whether it is the most profitable fish species for most fish harvesters who grow salmon



Difficulty - Hard

Q2. Of all the laptops available for sale in Ireland, laptops manufactured by Ivy Infotech must have the fastest processors. Over the last six months, Ivy Infotech has sold three times as many laptops as its closest competitor. Additionally, Ivy Infotech’s order books are full for the next 12 months.

Which of the following options, if true, most weakens the argument?

(A) Ivy Infotech was severely criticised last year for manufacturing laptops with slow processors.

(B) Apart from laptops, Ivy Infotech also manufactures desktops and tablets, sales of which have declined drastically in the last six months.

(C) At the same time last year, Ivy Infotech had sold 60% more laptops than it has this year.

(D) All the laptop manufacturers in Ireland, including Ivy Infotech, source their processors from the same company.

(E) Due to production bottlenecks, the production of laptops by Ivy Infotech’s rival companies fell by more than 60% in the last six months.



Difficulty - Hard
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
winterschool wrote:
Q2. Of all the laptops available for sale in Ireland, laptops manufactured by Ivy Infotech must have the fastest processors. Over the last six months, Ivy Infotech has sold three times as many laptops as its closest competitor. Additionally, Ivy Infotech’s order books are full for the next 12 months. Which of the following options, if true, most weakens the argument? (A) Ivy Infotech was severely criticised last year for manufacturing laptops with slow processors. (B) Apart from laptops, Ivy Infotech also manufactures desktops and tablets, sales of which have declined drastically in the last six months. (C) At the same time last year, Ivy Infotech had sold 60% more laptops than it has this year. (D) All the laptop manufacturers in Ireland, including Ivy Infotech, source their processors from the same company. (E) Due to production bottlenecks, the production of laptops by Ivy Infotech’s rival companies fell by more than 60% in the last six months. Difficulty - Hard

E? Alternative reason for high sales?
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
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Critical Reasoning Butler: February 2024
February 20CR 1CR 2

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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
CR1:E and CR2:B ????
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
Many studies have shown that individuals who consume a diet rich in fruits and vegetables have lower rates of cardiovascular disease. However, a recent study found that a group of individuals who followed a strict vegetarian diet, which includes only plant-based foods, had higher rates of cardiovascular disease compared to a group of individuals who consumed a balanced diet that included both plant-based and animal-based foods. This finding seems contradictory to the previous studies.

Which of the following, if true, resolves the paradox?

(A) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher overall calorie intake compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.

(B) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher average body mass index (BMI) compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.

(C) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher intake of processed vegetarian foods that are high in sodium and unhealthy fats.

(D) The individuals in the balanced diet group had a higher prevalence of pre-existing medical conditions related to cardiovascular health compared to the individuals in the vegetarian group.

(E) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher genetic predisposition to cardiovascular disease compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.

How is C the correct answer for this question and not E.
Nothing is mentioned in the passage regarding how processed food has an impact on cardiovascular disease.

E clearly states an explanation for the higher rate of cardiovascular disease in the vegetarian group despite the fact that they are consuming vegetarian diet
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
E is way out of scope. C is adding information to already existing information. They both eat a lot of veggies but the one group is eating processed veggies.

C is connected to the context. Does this help?
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
Michael16011999 wrote:
E is way out of scope. C is adding information to already existing information. They both eat a lot of veggies but the one group is eating processed veggies.

Why is E out of scope? We need to find a reason for the higher rates of cardiovascular diseases in the group that consumed a vegetarian diet as compared to the group that consumed a normal diet.
E is clearly giving a reason as to why that could happen.

Also how can we infer that consuming processed foods that are high in sodium and unhealthy fats leads to cardiovascular disease?
No information is given in the passage to infer this.
Can we just infer this kind of specific knowledge from outside the passage?

It’s not a general fact like sun rises in the east that gmat assumes that everyone knows
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
winterschool wrote:
Q1. Scientists have modified salmon embryos genetically to increasing the embryo‖s hardiness and longevity when it grows into an adult salmon. Fish harvesters, those who grow and sell fish domestically, who tried out the genetically modified salmon embryos last year used and therefore spent less on vaccinations and medication for the fish and still got a yield (healthy fish meat that can be processed and sold as canned food) comparable to that they had got with ordinary salmon. Ordinary embryos, however, cost less, and what these fish harvesters saved on vaccines and medication was exceeded by the extra costs of the genetically engineered embryos. Therefore, for most fish harvesters, switching to genetically modified salmon embryos would be unlikely to increase profits. The answer to which of the questions would help evaluate the conclusion that the profits are unlikely to increase. (A) Whether there are diseases that sometimes reduce fish yield, but against which commonly used medicines, vaccination, and genetic modification are equally ineffective (B) Whether the price that fish harvesters receive for fish yield for salmon has remained steady over the past few years (C) Whether the vaccinations and medication typically used on fish tend to be more expensive than those typically used on other fish types (D) Whether most of the fish harvesters who tried the genetically modified salmon embryos last year used more vaccination and medication than was actually necessary (E) Whether it is the most profitable fish species for most fish harvesters who grow salmon Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. Of all the laptops available for sale in Ireland, laptops manufactured by Ivy Infotech must have the fastest processors. Over the last six months, Ivy Infotech has sold three times as many laptops as its closest competitor. Additionally, Ivy Infotech’s order books are full for the next 12 months. Which of the following options, if true, most weakens the argument? (A) Ivy Infotech was severely criticised last year for manufacturing laptops with slow processors. (B) Apart from laptops, Ivy Infotech also manufactures desktops and tablets, sales of which have declined drastically in the last six months. (C) At the same time last year, Ivy Infotech had sold 60% more laptops than it has this year. (D) All the laptop manufacturers in Ireland, including Ivy Infotech, source their processors from the same company. (E) Due to production bottlenecks, the production of laptops by Ivy Infotech’s rival companies fell by more than 60% in the last six months. Difficulty - Hard



CR Questions February - 24 :

Q1. A scientist made three observations: (1) in the world’s temperate zones, food is more plentiful in the ocean than it is in fresh water; (2) migratory fish in temperate zones generally mature in the ocean and spawn in fresh water; and (3) migratory fish need much nourishment as they mature but little or none during the part of their lives when they spawn. On the basis of those observations, the scientist formulated the hypothesis that food availability is a determining factor in the migration of migratory fish. Subsequently the scientist learned that in the tropics migratory fish generally mature in fresh water and spawn in the ocean.

Which one of the following would it be most helpful to know in order to judge whether what the scientist subsequently learned calls into question the hypothesis?


(A) whether in the world’s temperate zones, the temperatures of bodies of fresh water tend to be lower than those of the regions of the oceans into which they flow

(B) whether the types of foods that migratory fish eat while they inhabit the ocean are similar to those that they eat while they inhabit bodies of fresh water

(C) whether any species of fish with populations in temperate zones also have populations that live in the tropics

(D) whether there are more species of migratory fish in the tropics than there are in temperate zones

(E) whether in the tropics food is less plentiful in the ocean than in fresh water



Difficulty - Hard

Q2. Xycorp plans to develop an innovative new video game involving extremely realistic three-dimensional simulations of hand-to-hand combat. The cost of developing and refining the relevant technology, however, is prohibitive for Xycorp, so the company must look to outside sources for funding. The military will only fund the development of technologies that pertain directly to military training or operations, so it is clear that Xycorp will have to look for funding from non-military sources.

Which of the following is assumed in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) The market for video games such as Xycorp’s proposed product will not expand markedly in the near future.

(B) Xycorp’s development project will be so costly that only large organizations, such as the military, will be able to provide sufficient funding for it.

(C) In originally conceiving the idea for the new video game, the developers at Xycorp were not inspired by actual, historical military operations.

(D) The military will not use the new gaming technology to train recruits in hand-to-hand combat.

(E) The military does not stay abreast of non-military technological developments such as video games.
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
Should we answer the question here in the chat?
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
is the ans for 2nd question B
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
Q2. Is D.
The author concluded that “it is clear Xycorp will have to look for funding from non-military sources.” Why? Because military only funds tech development that pertain DIRECTLY to military training and ops.

The above is what one needs to understand why such conclusion was made. It must have been because the author assumes such game would not directly pertain to military training and ops.
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
Q1 is D. Knowing if there are different species of migratory fish could let us question whether there’s been some generalisation from a none representative sample of migratory fish.
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