Hi All,
This question has a really subtle Number Property rule built into it - THAT rule, when combined with TESTing THE ANSWERS, can help you to quickly answer this question.
First, it's worth noting that answer choices all involve 'cents' as part of the formatting, so we have to calculate down to the penny. We're told that Kim has 40% more money than Sal....Algebraically, that means...
K = 1.4(S)
1.4 = 14/10 = 7/5, so in real-world terms, that means for every 5 cents that Sal has, Kim has 7 cents. This is useful information, since the prompt asks for the amount of money that KIM has and now we know that she has some multiple of 7 cents. Working through the answer choices, there are ONLY 2 answers that are a multiple of 7 cents: Answers B and E. Answer E seems like the 'nicer' answer, so I'll TEST that one first...
Answer E: $1.40
IF....
Kim = $1.40
Sal = $1.00
We're told that Sal has 20% less money than Phil, which would mean that Phil has MORE than $1.00. Combined, Sal and Phil would total OVER $2.00, but the prompt states that their total is $1.80. Since this clearly does NOT match up with what we're told, Answer E is incorrect, which leaves just one answer...
Final Answer:
GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
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