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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56266

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11 00:00

Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 65% (01:53) correct 35% (02:06) wrong based on 256 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics If $$x$$ and $$y$$ represent digits of a positive two-digit number divisible by 3, is the two-digit number less than 50?

(1) Sum of the digits is a multiple of 18

(2) Product of the digits is a multiple of 9

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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56266

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2
Official Solution:

Statement (1) by itself is sufficient. The only two digit number with the sum of its digits representing a multiple of 18 is 99. $$9 + 9 = 18$$.

Statement (2) by itself is insufficient. There are several possibilities. For example, 36: $$3 * 6 = 18$$, is a multiple of 9, and 99: $$9 * 9 = 81$$, is a multiple of 9 as well.

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Manager  S
Joined: 11 Sep 2013
Posts: 141
Concentration: Finance, Finance

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Hi, Bunuel

In exam how will I quickly get to the number 99 in statement 1? Please show me the process
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56266

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Raihanuddin wrote:
Hi, Bunuel

In exam how will I quickly get to the number 99 in statement 1? Please show me the process

Let me ask a question: what other multiple of 18 can you get by adding two single-digit numbers (out of which one is non-zero)?
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Manager  S
Joined: 11 Sep 2013
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Ok got it thanks
Intern  Joined: 21 Dec 2015
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i am not sure i understand the question properly. does it mean the # will be greater than 50 or not or sum of two digits will be greater than 50 or not. If it is by # it self, 99 is greater than 50, but I think 42 works as well. 4+2=6 is multiple of 18 and 42 less than 50.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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rtommy wrote:
i am not sure i understand the question properly. does it mean the # will be greater than 50 or not or sum of two digits will be greater than 50 or not. If it is by # it self, 99 is greater than 50, but I think 42 works as well. 4+2=6 is multiple of 18 and 42 less than 50.

6 is NOT a multiple of 18, it's a factor of 18.
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Intern  B
Joined: 16 Jan 2018
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Bunuel wrote:
rtommy wrote:
i am not sure i understand the question properly. does it mean the # will be greater than 50 or not or sum of two digits will be greater than 50 or not. If it is by # it self, 99 is greater than 50, but I think 42 works as well. 4+2=6 is multiple of 18 and 42 less than 50.

6 is NOT a multiple of 18, it's a factor of 18.

Hi Bunuel

MY question is the following:

Assuming that 1 is a multiple of all integers, couldn't statement 1 also be interpreted as:
x+Y=1 X=1 Y=0 ->number is 10 (which is a 2 digit positive number and respects the premises)
Since there is no restriction of XorY being non zero, other than together must for a two digit integer, this option should be contemplated and therefore statement becomes invalid (an actually correct answer would be E)

What do you think?

Thank you very much,
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56266

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bpegenaute wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
rtommy wrote:
i am not sure i understand the question properly. does it mean the # will be greater than 50 or not or sum of two digits will be greater than 50 or not. If it is by # it self, 99 is greater than 50, but I think 42 works as well. 4+2=6 is multiple of 18 and 42 less than 50.

6 is NOT a multiple of 18, it's a factor of 18.

Hi Bunuel

MY question is the following:

Assuming that 1 is a multiple of all integers, couldn't statement 1 also be interpreted as:
x+Y=1 X=1 Y=0 ->number is 10 (which is a 2 digit positive number and respects the premises)
Since there is no restriction of XorY being non zero, other than together must for a two digit integer, this option should be contemplated and therefore statement becomes invalid (an actually correct answer would be E)

What do you think?

Thank you very much,

1 is not a multiple of every integer, it's a FACTOR (a divisor) of every integer.
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Intern  Joined: 04 May 2019
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Bunuel wrote:
If $$x$$ and $$y$$ represent digits of a positive two-digit number divisible by 3, is the two-digit number less than 50?

(1) Sum of the digits is a multiple of 18

(2) Product of the digits is a multiple of 9

Frankly, I dont see why "divisible by 3" is necessary here? .
We can make the question shorter and less confuse with new version of "If $$x$$ and $$y$$ represent digits of a positive two-digit, is the two-digit number less than 50?"
ISB School Moderator G
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 524
Location: India
Concentration: Nonprofit, Sustainability
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V30 WE: Operations (Non-Profit and Government)

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Bunuel wrote:
If $$x$$ and $$y$$ represent digits of a positive two-digit number divisible by 3, is the two-digit number less than 50?

(1) Sum of the digits is a multiple of 18

(2) Product of the digits is a multiple of 9

Statement 2 is easy, can be quickly negated.
Multiples of 9: 9, 18, 27

Case 1. 33 <50, 3*3=9
case 2. But 93 >50, 9*3=27

Insufficient.

Statement 1.
Multiples of 18: 18, 36...

two digits x and y can add up to form maximum 18, so it has to be 99 (Also divisible by 3)
So, number is >50. Sufficient.

A
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# M02-31

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