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# M06-16

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46214

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16 Sep 2014, 00:27
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:04) correct 53% (01:18) wrong based on 174 sessions

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If $$\frac{t}{u} = \frac{x}{y}$$ and $$\frac{t}{y} = \frac{u}{x}$$ and $$t$$, $$u$$, $$x$$, and $$y$$ are non-zero integers, which of the following is true?

A. $$\frac{t}{u}=1$$
B. $$\frac{y}{x}=-1$$
C. $$t = -u$$
D. $$t = \pm u$$
E. None of the above

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46214

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16 Sep 2014, 00:27
1
5
Official Solution:

If $$\frac{t}{u} = \frac{x}{y}$$ and $$\frac{t}{y} = \frac{u}{x}$$ and $$t$$, $$u$$, $$x$$, and $$y$$ are non-zero integers, which of the following is true?

A. $$\frac{t}{u}=1$$
B. $$\frac{y}{x}=-1$$
C. $$t = -u$$
D. $$t = \pm u$$
E. None of the above

Given that: $$\frac{t}{u} = \frac{x}{y}$$ and $$\frac{t}{y} = \frac{u}{x}$$.

So, $$\frac{t}{u} = \frac{x}{y}$$ and $$\frac{t}{u} = \frac{y}{x}$$ (from 2), which means that $$\frac{t}{u}$$ and $$\frac{x}{y}$$ equal to their reciprocals: $$\frac{t}{u}=\frac{u}{t}$$ and $$\frac{x}{y}=\frac{y}{x}$$. So, $$t^2=u^2$$ and $$t^2=u^2$$, which gives $$|t|=|u|$$ (or which is the same $$t = \pm u$$) and $$|x|=|y|$$ (or which is the same $$x = \pm y$$).

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Joined: 03 Oct 2014
Posts: 138
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Technology
GMAT 1: 720 Q48 V40
WE: Engineering (Aerospace and Defense)

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13 Feb 2015, 22:18
1
Eqn 1....Let t/u = x/y = k

Therefore t = uk, x = yk.....

Substitute in eqn 2...t/y = u/x

uk/y = u/yk

k^2 = 1

k = +/-1

so t = +/- u
Manager
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 175
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Marketing
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V40
GPA: 3.5
WE: Supply Chain Management (Telecommunications)

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17 Feb 2015, 11:55
Bunuel In questions where they ask which is true.. are they asking for must be true or which can be true?

Asking since i solved this question as which can be true and stopped after choosing A as A was coming as true for a case where all numbers were equal.
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46214

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17 Feb 2015, 11:57
1
qw1981 wrote:
Bunuel In questions where they ask which is true.. are they asking for must be true or which can be true?

Asking since i solved this question as which can be true and stopped after choosing A as A was coming as true for a case where all numbers were equal.

Which is true = which must be true.
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Joined: 05 Dec 2013
Posts: 29

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10 Jun 2015, 11:54
Why are we cross-multiplying ? The question does not state that integers t,x,u,v are positive...
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46214

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10 Jun 2015, 11:56
Randude wrote:
Why are we cross-multiplying ? The question does not state that integers t,x,u,v are positive...

It does not matter for equations, it does only for inequalities.
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Intern
Joined: 18 Oct 2015
Posts: 2
GMAT 1: 720 Q47 V41
GPA: 3.98

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11 Dec 2015, 05:31
Hi,

I did the following:

From (1), ty=xu (cross multiplying)
From (2), tx=uy

so adding each side of the equalities, t(x+y)=u(x+y) so t=u (and not t= +-u)

What am I doing wrong?
Manager
Joined: 16 Feb 2016
Posts: 53
Concentration: Other, Other

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26 Apr 2016, 18:39
m9338 wrote:
Hi,

I did the following:

From (1), ty=xu (cross multiplying)
From (2), tx=uy

so adding each side of the equalities, t(x+y)=u(x+y) so t=u (and not t= +-u)

What am I doing wrong?

t=u
would be true for negative and positive values of u.
But I can see that some people would choose E.
Intern
Joined: 20 Jul 2012
Posts: 18

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15 Jun 2016, 02:34
1
m9338 wrote:
Hi,

I did the following:

From (1), ty=xu (cross multiplying)
From (2), tx=uy

so adding each side of the equalities, t(x+y)=u(x+y) so t=u (and not t= +-u)

What am I doing wrong?

One explanation that i can offer here is as follows -

The equation t(x+y)=u(x+y) holds good in almost all case, however (given x,y are non zero integers), consider a scenario where x= -y.
In this case you cannot say that t=u as you cant divide both sides with (x+y) !!! why? coz its 0

Incidentally this is one of the wrong answer choices as well
Intern
Joined: 21 Oct 2014
Posts: 4
Location: Ukraine
GMAT 1: 680 Q48 V35
GPA: 3.05

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18 Feb 2017, 07:53
I still can't understand why option D is correct, even though the question is MUST BE TRUE.
Here is my thinking:

Let's say t, u, x and y are all equal to 1 (non-zero integer). Then according to option D: 1 = +-1, which is only true for positive sign, but not negative. I mean the option D would be a MUST BE TRUE answer only if it was written like this:
t = u OR t = -u.
As far as I understand t = +-u means 't = u AND t = -u'
Re: M06-16   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2017, 07:53
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# M06-16

Moderators: chetan2u, Bunuel

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