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Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations

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Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2004
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Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2004, 04:13
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18. Many plant varieties used in industrially developed
nations to improve cultivated crops come from less-
developed nations. No compensation is paid on the
grounds that the plants used are "the common her-
itage of humanity." Such reasoning is, however,
flawed. After all, no one suggests that coal, oil, and
ores should be extracted without payment.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of
the method used by the author in the argument above?
(A) The author proceeds from a number of specific
observations to a tentative generalization.
(B) The author applies to the case under discussion
facts about phenomena assumed to be similar
in some relevant respect.
(C) A position is strengthened by showing that the
opposite of that position would have logically
absurd consequences.
(D) A line of reasoning is called into question on
the grounds that it confuses cause and effect
in a causal relation.
(E) An argument is analyzed by separating state-
ments of fact from individual value judgments.
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Senior Manager
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08 Apr 2004, 11:06
C
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08 Apr 2004, 11:38
I choose B.
The author is assuming that coal extraction is relevant to plant extraction and introduces those facts.
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08 Apr 2004, 13:15
B for me. In A I am not sure where the number of observations are?
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08 Apr 2004, 13:26
Concur with B
A) There are no "specific observations"
C) There are no consequences mentioned for not paying for the extraction of plants
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Best Regards,

Paul

Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2004
Posts: 414
Location: Lungi
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10 Apr 2004, 19:53
OA is B.
10 Apr 2004, 19:53
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