Last visit was: 23 Jul 2024, 10:25 It is currently 23 Jul 2024, 10:25
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

# Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Intern
Joined: 15 Jun 2007
Posts: 48
Own Kudos [?]: 1477 [83]
Given Kudos: 0
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1690
Own Kudos [?]: 14761 [23]
Given Kudos: 766
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Status: GMAT/GRE/LSAT tutors
Posts: 6991
Own Kudos [?]: 64573 [9]
Given Kudos: 1823
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 5128
Own Kudos [?]: 4694 [1]
Given Kudos: 38
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-
stevegt wrote:
Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their blood pressure typically does not rise with age.

A. shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their

B. shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their

C. shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,

D. showing that in societies where little salt is consumed,

E. showing that in societies where they consume little salt, their

SC91050.02

Concepts tested here: Tenses + Pronouns + Parallelism

• Habitual actions are best conveyed through the simple present tense.
• The present perfect tense (marked by the use of the helping verb “has/have”) is used to indicate actions whose exact time is not known.

A: This answer choice suffers from a pronoun error, as the pronouns “they” and “their” lack a clear and logical referent.

B: This answer choice suffers from a pronoun error, as the pronoun “their” lacks a clear and logical referent. Further, Option B incorrectly uses the present perfect tense verb “have consumed” to refer to a habitual action; please remember, habitual actions are best conveyed through the simple present tense, and the present perfect tense (marked by the use of the helping verb “has/have”) is also used to indicate actions whose exact time is not known.

C: Correct. This answer choice avoids the pronoun errors seen in Options A, B, and E, as it uses no pronouns. Further, Option C correctly uses the present perfect tense verb “have…shown” to refer to an action whose exact time is not known. Additionally, Option C correctly uses the simple present tense verb “is consumed” to refer to habitual action.

D: This answer choice incorrectly uses the present participle (“verb+ing” – “showing” in this sentence) to refer to an action whose exact time is not known; remember, the present perfect tense (marked by the use of the helping verb “has/have”) is used to indicate actions whose exact time is not known.

E: This answer choice suffers from a pronoun error, as the pronouns “they” and “their” lack a clear and logical referent. Further, Option E incorrectly uses the present participle (“verb+ing” – “showing” in this sentence) to refer to an action whose exact time is not known; remember, the present perfect tense (marked by the use of the helping verb “has/have”) is used to indicate actions whose exact time is not known.

Hence, C is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Simple Tenses" on GMAT, you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):

To understand the concept of "Present Perfect Tense" on GMAT, you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):

All the best!
Experts' Global Team
General Discussion
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 486
Own Kudos [?]: 2951 [2]
Given Kudos: 7
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
Q50  V40
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
2
Kudos
I will go with C!
The sentence is passive. So, C fits nicely. "shown" is parallel to "linked"

stevegt wrote:
Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their blood pressure typically does not rise with age.
(A) shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their
(B) shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their
(C) shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,
(D) they showed that in societies where little salt is consumed,
(E) they showed that in societies where they consume little salt, their
Manager
Joined: 08 Jul 2007
Posts: 66
Own Kudos [?]: 31 [3]
Given Kudos: 0
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
2
Bookmarks
Definitely C.

"They showed" is not parallel to have linked. So D and E are wrong. In A and B, the their suggests that the societies have high blood pressure.

Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their blood pressure typically does not rise with age.
Manager
Joined: 20 Mar 2007
Posts: 52
Own Kudos [?]: 12 [2]
Given Kudos: 0
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
1
Kudos
C.

Can't be D or E simply b/c who's "they?" There is no referent using those choices.

Also, it would be helpful to check if the question is properly underlined before hitting submit.
Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2013
Posts: 108
Own Kudos [?]: 128 [0]
Given Kudos: 127
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V28
GPA: 3.92
WE:Operations (Transportation)
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
Would request you to please underline the sentence properly.
Intern
Joined: 04 Feb 2016
Posts: 8
Own Kudos [?]: 5 [3]
Given Kudos: 3
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
3
Kudos
Can somebody help me out..... Is the use of "where" correct in the OA?
I thought, "where" has to talk about an location or event. Is "societies" something that can utilize "where"?

How is it different from: "I want to live in an era where....."... <--- Which is incorrect
Intern
Joined: 04 Feb 2016
Posts: 8
Own Kudos [?]: 5 [0]
Given Kudos: 3
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2013
Posts: 108
Own Kudos [?]: 128 [1]
Given Kudos: 127
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V28
GPA: 3.92
WE:Operations (Transportation)
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
1
Kudos
sashaman14 wrote:
Can somebody help me out..... Is the use of "where" correct in the OA?
I thought, "where" has to talk about an location or event. Is "societies" something that can utilize "where"?

How is it different from: "I want to live in an era where....."... <--- Which is incorrect

My views--

You are right about the word "where" which modifies places but here societies is used as a place.So its correct.

"I want to live in an era where--in this "In which" should be more appropriate (In Which modifies places/situations/time period/phenomenon)
Intern
Joined: 01 May 2016
Posts: 6
Own Kudos [?]: 238 [2]
Given Kudos: 15
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V41
GPA: 3
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
2
Kudos
(A) shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their - wordy
(B) shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their - societies which consumed
(C) shown that in societies where little salt is consumed, - best
(D) they showed that in societies where little salt is consumed, - independent sentence , required
(E) they showed that in societies where they consume little salt, their -- independent sentence , required
Board of Directors
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Status:QA & VA Forum Moderator
Posts: 6047
Own Kudos [?]: 4767 [1]
Given Kudos: 463
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
1
Kudos
stevegt wrote:
Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their blood pressure typically does not rise with age.

(A) shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their
(B) shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their
(C) shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,
(D) they showed that in societies where little salt is consumed,
(E) they showed that in societies where they consume little salt, their

Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where little salt is consumed, blood pressure typically does not rise with age.

Eroors in the incorrect options highlighted in RED , due to incorrect use of Pronouns They/Their...

Correct answer must hence be (C)
Retired Moderator
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Status:Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Posts: 2091
Own Kudos [?]: 8992 [2]
Given Kudos: 171
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE:Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
2
Kudos
Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their blood pressure typically does not rise with age.

(A) shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their - their can refer to societies -- illogical - it is people in the societies and not the soiciety itself that can have blood pressure.

(B) shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their - same as A

(C) shown that in societies where little salt is consumed, - Correct

(D) they showed that in societies where little salt is consumed, - usage of where is incorrect here ;"they" unambiguously refers to "many population studies", so it's fine (although it constitutes unnecessary repetition - this is already the subject of the sentence, so it needn't be repeated; see (c))
the principal problem with (d) is the lack of tense parallelism. since "have linked" is in the present perfect, the present perfect is also compulsory for the other verb (i.e., it should be "shown", not "showed").

(E) they showed that in societies where they consume little salt, their - their usage is incorrect as in A , usage of where is incorrect here

Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Dec 2017
Posts: 302
Own Kudos [?]: 311 [0]
Given Kudos: 273
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q44 V33
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 3: 710 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.25
WE:Marketing (Telecommunications)
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
Hi Dear Experts,

OA is (C) shown that in societies where little salt is consumed.
My question is: where is never used for meta places. I consider society meta place. Otherwise can community, group of people, and firm take where as well?

Thanks
Manager
Joined: 20 Jul 2018
Status:sleeping
Posts: 50
Own Kudos [?]: 9 [0]
Given Kudos: 1
Location: United States (NY)
GMAT 1: 650 Q42 V38
GRE 1: Q161 V164
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
Abhishek009 wrote:
stevegt wrote:
Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their blood pressure typically does not rise with age.

(A) shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their
(B) shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their
(C) shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,
(D) they showed that in societies where little salt is consumed,
(E) they showed that in societies where they consume little salt, their

Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where little salt is consumed, blood pressure typically does not rise with age.

Eroors in the incorrect options highlighted in RED , due to incorrect use of Pronouns They/Their...

Correct answer must hence be (C)

is "societies" supposed to be it?
Manager
Joined: 05 Mar 2017
Posts: 179
Own Kudos [?]: 176 [0]
Given Kudos: 687
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Marketing
GPA: 3.6
WE:Marketing (Hospitality and Tourism)
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
(A) shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their - wordy
(B) shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their - societies which consumed
(C) shown that in societies where little salt is consumed, - best
(D) they showed that in societies where little salt is consumed, - independent sentence , required
(E) they showed that in societies where they consume little salt, their -- independent sentence , required
Manager
Joined: 20 Jul 2018
Posts: 80
Own Kudos [?]: 83 [0]
Given Kudos: 23
Location: Russian Federation
WE:Consulting (Manufacturing)
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
The pronoun when can be used to modify a noun event or time, such as period, age, 1987\ or decade. In
these circumstances, you can also use in which instead of when.
But I can't find explanation for the usage of WHERE with the word society

Could someone explain it?
Current Student
Joined: 25 Jan 2016
Posts: 10
Own Kudos [?]: 2 [1]
Given Kudos: 182
Location: India
GRE 1: Q169 V163
GPA: 3.73
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
1
Kudos
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one thing at a time, and narrow down our options quickly so we know how to answer questions like this when they pop up on the GMAT! To begin, let's take a quick look at the question and highlight any major differences between the options in orange:

Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their blood pressure typically does not rise with age.

A. shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their

B. shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their

C. shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,

D. showing that in societies where little salt is consumed,

E. showing that in societies where they consume little salt, their

After a quick glance over the options, a few key differences jump out:

1. shown vs. showing (Verb Form & Parallelism)
2. where they consume / that have consumed / is consumed (Verb Form & Pronouns)
3. Using “their” after the comma or not (Pronouns)

Since #1 is an easy either/or split, let’s start there! No matter which one we choose, we’ll eliminate 2-3 options rather quickly. This is mainly a matter of parallelism! We need to make sure the verb tense we use matches up with the earlier “linked.”

(*Note: We are using the most recent version of this question, which does not match feedback in the comments. Options D & E were updated at some point after this was originally posted.)

A. shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their

B. shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their

C. shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,

D. showing that in societies where little salt is consumed,

E. showing that in societies where they consume little salt, their

We can eliminate options D & E because “showing” isn’t parallel to “linked.” Now that we have things narrowed down a bit, let’s move on to focusing on #2 and #3 on this list:

A. shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their
This is INCORRECT because it contains a couple vague pronouns! It’s not 100% clear what “they” and “their” are referring to. Logically, “they” and “their” refer back to “societies,” which makes no sense. A society is not the same thing as a person and cannot consume salt or get high blood pressure - however, the people within the society can.

B. shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their
This is also INCORRECT because of the vague pronoun “their,” which is attempting to state that a society gets high blood pressure, not the people within that society, which makes no logical sense.

C. shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,
This is our CORRECT choice! It gets rid of the vague pronouns, and the meaning is clear to readers.

There you have it - option C is our winner!

Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.

Can we use 'where' for non locations? I saw in some video that we can use where only for location
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1690
Own Kudos [?]: 14761 [1]
Given Kudos: 766
Re: Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of [#permalink]
1
Kudos
sashankvarma wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one thing at a time, and narrow down our options quickly so we know how to answer questions like this when they pop up on the GMAT! To begin, let's take a quick look at the question and highlight any major differences between the options in orange:

Many population studies have linked a high-salt diet to high rates of hypertension and shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their blood pressure typically does not rise with age.

A. shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their

B. shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their

C. shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,

D. showing that in societies where little salt is consumed,

E. showing that in societies where they consume little salt, their

After a quick glance over the options, a few key differences jump out:

1. shown vs. showing (Verb Form & Parallelism)
2. where they consume / that have consumed / is consumed (Verb Form & Pronouns)
3. Using “their” after the comma or not (Pronouns)

Since #1 is an easy either/or split, let’s start there! No matter which one we choose, we’ll eliminate 2-3 options rather quickly. This is mainly a matter of parallelism! We need to make sure the verb tense we use matches up with the earlier “linked.”

(*Note: We are using the most recent version of this question, which does not match feedback in the comments. Options D & E were updated at some point after this was originally posted.)

A. shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their

B. shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their

C. shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,

D. showing that in societies where little salt is consumed,

E. showing that in societies where they consume little salt, their

We can eliminate options D & E because “showing” isn’t parallel to “linked.” Now that we have things narrowed down a bit, let’s move on to focusing on #2 and #3 on this list:

A. shown that in societies where they consume little salt, their
This is INCORRECT because it contains a couple vague pronouns! It’s not 100% clear what “they” and “their” are referring to. Logically, “they” and “their” refer back to “societies,” which makes no sense. A society is not the same thing as a person and cannot consume salt or get high blood pressure - however, the people within the society can.

B. shown that in societies that have consumed little salt, their
This is also INCORRECT because of the vague pronoun “their,” which is attempting to state that a society gets high blood pressure, not the people within that society, which makes no logical sense.

C. shown that in societies where little salt is consumed,
This is our CORRECT choice! It gets rid of the vague pronouns, and the meaning is clear to readers.

There you have it - option C is our winner!

Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.

Can we use 'where' for non locations? I saw in some video that we can use where only for location