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Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec

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Senior SC Moderator
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Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2019, 21:34
1
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A
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Question Stats:

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Project SC Butler: Day 201: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.

A) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls

B) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls on which it eavesdropped

C) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from those calls

D) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and be passing along evidence from those calls

E) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and to be passing along evidence from those calls

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Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2019, 21:36
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Project SC Butler: Day 201: Sentence Correction (SC1)



HIGHLIGHTS

Splits
Three major splits exist:
(1) THEM/IT
-- who or what is eavesdropping? Not the Congressmen [plural]. The National Security Administration [singular] is eavesdropping.
(2) eavesdrop and pass / eavesdrop and be passing
and
(3) the description of the source of the evidence that the NSA is allowed to pass on
-- the calls; the calls on which it eavesdropped; and those calls
-- decide this issue second. Clear grammar errors always come first. This second split is more about style than grammar.

Meaning?

Elected representatives gave the National Security Agency power both to tap into phone calls without judicial permission and to share any gathered data.

The two things that the NSA can now do should be parallel because they are joined with the word "AND."

THE PROMPT

Quote:
Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.


THE OPTIONS

Quote:
A) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.

• The National Security Agency is singular and takes the pronoun "it." Them is incorrect. The error in option A is fatal.
• The infinitives eavesdrop and pass are correct.
Eliminate A

Quote:
B) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls on which it eavesdropped to other government agencies.

• the singular "it" correctly refers to the NSA
• HOLD
-- the calls on which it eavesdropped should not be assessed in isolation

Quote:
C) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from those calls to other government agencies.

• as in (B), the pronoun "it" is correct
those calls is much more concise than the phrasing in (B).
-- But we will decide style issues last.
HOLD

Quote:
D) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and [to] be passing along evidence from those calls to other government agencies.

them cannot refer to the National Security Administration (in English, agencies and government bodies are singular)
and is a parallelism marker. The two verbs joined by and (eavesdrop, be passing) are not parallel. It doesn't matter that the the word "to" is not repeated before "be passing."
-- Verbs made up of more than one word (to walk, had walked, will walk) are often split up.
-- The first part of the verb, in this case, to, "distributes" to the second parts of both verbs.
-- The problem is that to eavesdrop is a simple infinitive. To be passing is not.
-- If you have doubt, look at other sentences. Three say, simply, pass. Pass and eavesdrop are parallel.
Eliminate D

Quote:
E) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and to be passing along evidence from those calls to other government agencies.
[/quote]
• as in (D), to eavesdrop and to be passing are not parallel
Eliminate E

• Option B or C? Which is better?
B:.. . pass along evidence from the calls on which it eavesdropped
C:. . .pass along evidence from those calls
-- we know which calls the NSA gets its evidence from
-- the word "those" [calls] is concise and clear.
-- "Those" is called a demonstrative adjective. The word those points to the noun calls

Option C says the same thing that B does in fewer words.
Eliminate B

The best answer is C

COMMENTS

philipssonicare and arorasomya , welcome to SC Butler. :)

Almost all of these answers are excellent.
Aspirants who follow: I would read the whole thread. Each person adds something from which we can learn.
If you explained your answer, you get kudos. Nicely done.
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Re: Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2019, 22:08
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Them versus it.
It stands for NSA. A and D out.

B and E are wrong for parallelism error.

C is correct.
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Re: Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2019, 22:20
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Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.

A) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls
them is a plural pronoun. Congressmen is a plural noun. NSA is a singular noun. The intended meaning is for the NSA to eavesdrop, not the congressmen.

B) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls on which it eavesdropped
it is a singular pronoun and has a clear singular antecedent in NSA.
on which it eavesdropped seems redundant – the NSA isn't passing along evidence from phone calls that it isn't eavesdropping on
eavesdropped is the wrong tense. It could have already eavesdropped (in the short time between the vote and the statement), could be eavesdropping now, and could eavesdrop in the future. We want eavesdrops

C) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from those calls
it is a singular pronoun and has a clear singular antecedent in NSA.
those calls is clearly linked with the calls that the NSA eavesdrops on
enabling it to
1. eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant; and
2. pass along evidence from those calls
These are parallel in the format verb+prepositional phrase
Nice and clear. Will need something phenomenal to beat this

D) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and be passing along evidence from those calls
Same as A.

E) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and to be passing along evidence from those calls
This is the same as C, bar changing pass to to be passing. Use of the present participle is unnecessary and destroys the parallelism described in C

C
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Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2019, 03:45
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Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.

Meaning: Many US Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers. These new powers, which come in two-folds, have to be expressed in parallel. These new powers enabled it [the National Security Agency] to: 1. eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and 2. pass along evidence from those calls to other government agencies.

Quote:
A) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.

The parallelism is okay in option A. eavesdrop and pass are both verbs in their bare form and the parallelism is set-off by to. However, there is no logical antecedent for the pronoun them. Them agrees in number with Congressmen, but it is not the Congressmen who will eavesdrop on telephone calls and pass along evidence to other government agencies. From the understanding of the sentence, it is the National Security Agency who will eavesdrop and pass along the evidence. Eliminate A.

Quote:
B) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls on which it eavesdropped to other government agencies.

There is no need to modify the calls with a relative clause on which it eavesdropped. The sentence talks about an instance of a telephone call; making a reference to this call does not have to be qualified further. The use of a demonstrative pronoun those as in options C, D and E is more appropriate. The parallelism, on the other hand, is okay. Eliminate B for redundant modification of calls.

Quote:
C) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from those calls to other government agencies.

The parallelism is okay just as in A and B. The pronoun error is corrected as it rightly refers to the National Security Agency. Calls are rightly modified with those implying the second instance of calls refers to the earlier telephone calls mentioned in the sentence. Keep C.

Quote:
D) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and be passing along evidence from those calls to other government agencies.

The same pronoun error in B is repeated in option D. The parallelism is okay. The verbs eavesdrop and be are in their bare form and rightly parallel. However, be passing is wordy and not as concise as pass.

Quote:
E) Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and to be passing along evidence from those calls to other government agencies.

The pronoun error is fixed in E just as in B and C. The parallelism is okay although to be passing is wordy compared to A, B, and C. Eliminate E for the wordiness of to be passing.

The best answer is C.
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Re: Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2019, 10:51
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Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.

pointer 1: parallelism powers enabling them "to eavesdrop... and pass.."
pointer 2: enabling who? the NSA (singular) ; them (plural) does not match. has to be "it"
pointer 3: which calls were passed to govt, agencies?The ones that were eavesdropped. pronoun:those


Nice and clear. Answer is C.
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Re: Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2019, 10:53
1
Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.

A) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls

B) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls on which it eavesdropped> redundant.

C) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from those calls > CORRECT

D) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and be passing along evidence from those calls

E) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and to be passing along evidence from those calls.> not parallel

The NSA is an organization, so 'it' is needed, 'them' is indicating the subject, US Congressmen, which is not correct. The other options are not parallel or has redundancy error. So i choose C.
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Re: Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2019, 10:58
1
Quote:
Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.


Quick read through shows that the sentence tests parallelism and meaning. Quick scan of answer choices shows that we have "enabling" in every choice, so modification is fine. However, we clearly spot the 2-3 split which deals with pronouns "it" and "them". Agency is singular, so we need to use "it".

Paraphrased and simplified, the sentence looks as follows: Politicians voted to give the Agency powers enabling it [Agency] to do A and B. So, A and B must be parallel. Let's look at the option choices.

A) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls
Wrong because of the pronoun error. Parallelism is correct.

B) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls on which it eavesdropped
Ugh, from the calls on which it is too wordy. Also, what does pronoun "it" refer to?

C) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from those calls
enabling it to eavesdrop and pass along - parallelism is correct.

D) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and be passing along evidence from those calls
Wrong because of the pronoun error. Parallelism is also wrong.

E) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and to be passing along evidence from those calls
to be passing is fatal because it is not parallel to to eavesdrop.
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Re: Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2019, 11:20
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 201: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Security Agency new powers enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls to other government agencies.

A) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls
B) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from the calls on which it eavesdropped
C) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and pass along evidence from those calls
D) enabling them to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and be passing along evidence from those calls
E) enabling it to eavesdrop on telephone calls without a court warrant and to be passing along evidence from those calls


MEANING: Many voted to give the NSA [s] new powers enabling it [s] to eavesdrop on calls and [to] pass along evidence from those calls.
NOTICE: parallelism "to…to", subject-verb agreement [s]…[s], and usage of "those" with correct referent.

A) "them" is plural, "NSA" is sing; "calls to…" what calls? unintended;
B) "calls on which it" less concise than "those";
D) "them" is plural, "NSA" is sing; "to eaves…and be passing" not parallel;
E) "to eaves…and to be passing" not parallel and unintended.

Ans (C)
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Re: Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2019, 02:30
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Re: Many United States Congressmen recently voted to give the National Sec   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2019, 02:30
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