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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
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GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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$$x^2 + \frac{1}{x^2}$$ = ?

1) $$x - \frac{1}{x} = 4$$
2) $$x + \frac{1}{x} = 2√5$$

==> In the original condition, there is 1 variable (x) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 1 equation. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), D is most likely to be the answer. If you actually solve this, you get con 1) = con 2), and thus if you square both sides,
from $$x^2 + \frac{1}{x^2} -2=16$$ and $$x^2 + \frac{1}{x^2} +2=20$$, you get $$x^2 + \frac{1}{x^2} =18$$, hence unique and sufficient.

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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Is x<0?
1) x^3<0
2) x^3+2x+3=0

==> In the original condition, there is 1 variable (x) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 1 equation. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), D is most likely to be the answer. For con 1), from x^3<0, if you divide both sides by x^2, you get x<0, hence yes, it is sufficient. For con 2), according to CMT 4 (B: if you get A or B too easily, consider D), it is also sufficient. In other words, from x(x^2+2)=-3<0, x^2+2>0 is always established, so you get x<0, hence yes.

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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[m] is defined as the greatest integer less than or equal to m, what is the value of [m]?

1) 1<m<2
2) |m|<1

==> In the original condition, there is 1 variable (m) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 1 equation. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), D is most likely to be the answer.
For con 1), from [m]=1, it is unique and sufficient.
For con 2), from -1<m<1, you get =0, but from [0.1]=-1, it is not unique and not sufficient.

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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Which of the following is equivalent to √3+√2?

A. $$√5$$
B. $$\sqrt{5+2√6}$$
C. $$\sqrt{6+2√5}$$
D. $$\sqrt{5-2√6}$$
E. $$\sqrt{5+4√6}$$

==> You get $$√a+√b=\sqrt{a+b+2√ab}$$ because if you square both sides, you get $$a+b+2\sqrt{ab}$$ on both sides.
Thus, you get $$√3+√2=\sqrt{5+2√6}$$.

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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$$\frac{4.53}{0.146}$$ is closest to which of the following?

A. 0.3
B. 3
C. 30
D. 300
E. 3,000

==> You get $$\frac{4.53}{0.146}≒\frac{4,500}{150}=30$$. The answer is C.

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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If a and b are integers, is a an odd number?
1) a+b is an even
2) ab is an odd

==> In the original condition, there are 2 variables(a,b). In order to match with the number of equations, 2 equations are needed as well. For 1) 1 equation, for 2) 1 equation, which is likely to make C the answer.
Through 1) & 2), a=b=odd is derived, which is yes and sufficient. However, this is an integer question, one of the key questions, and apply the mistake type 4(A).
In case of 1), (a,b)=(1,1) yes, (2,2) no, which is not sufficient.
In case of 2), (a,b)=(odd,odd), which is yes and sufficient.
Hence, the answer is B, not C.

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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If x and y are positive integers, is x divisible by y?

1) x is divisible by 6
2) y is divisible by 6

==> In the original condition, there are 2 variables (x,y) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 2 equations. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), C is most likely to be the answer. By solving con 1) and con 2), (x,y)=(6,6) yes, but (x,y)=(6,12) no, hence it is not sufficient.

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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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If $$ab>0$$, is $$a^2$$$$b^3$$ $$>0$$ ?

1) $$a>0$$

2) $$b>0$$

==> If you modify the original condition and the question, is $$a^2b^3>0$$? becomes is b>0?, and If ab>0 becomes a>0?. Then, you get con 1) = con 2), and , the answer is D.

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Attachment: 4.6.png [ 3.92 KiB | Viewed 633 times ]

In the xy-plane, there is a rectangle ABCO shown as the above figure. What is the perimeter of the rectangle?

1) OB=5
2) B(3,4)

==> If you modify the original condition and the question, the quadrilateral ABCD is a rectangle, so in order to find the perimeter, you only need to know B, hence con 2) is sufficient.

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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$$(x-y)^2=?$$
1) $$x^2+y^2=16$$
2) $$(x+y)^2=4xy$$

==> If you modify the original condition and the question, you get $$(x-y)^2=x^2+y^2-2xy=x^2+y^2+2xy-4xy=(x+y)^2-4xy$$. The answer is B.
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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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2x+3y=?

1) x=6
2) 4x+6y=18

==> In the original condition, you get 2x+3y=?. For con 2), if you divide both sides by 2, you get 2x+3y=9, hence it is unique and sufficient.

_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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If b≠0, |a/b|=a/b, is b>0?

1) a>0
2) a+b>0

==> If you modify the original condition and the question, in order to satisfy |a/b|=a/b, you must get a/b≥0, and if you multiply b^2 on both sides, from (b^2)a/b≥(b^2)0, you get ab≥0. Since the question is b>0? becomes a≥0?, con 1) is yes and sufficient. For con 2), using CMT 4 (B: if you get A or B too easily, consider D), you only get ab≥0 and a+b>0 when a>0 and b>0, hence yes, it is sufficient.

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
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GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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What is the median of the 9 numbers?

1) The smallest 5 numbers of the 9 numbers are less than or equal to 10.
2) The largest 5 numbers of the 9 numbers are more than or equal to 10.

==> In the original condition, there are 9 variables, and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 9 equations. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), you need 7 more equations, so E is most likely to be the answer. By solving con 1) and con 2),
From S1, S2, S3, S4, M, L1, L2, L3. L4, (Sn=smallest, M=median, Lm=largest)
S1, S2, S3, S4, M: 10 or less than 10
M, L1, L2, L3. L4: 10 or more than 10
Thus, M overlaps and 10 also overlaps, so M=10 and it is sufficient.

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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
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When n and k are positive integers, what is the greatest common divisor of n+k and n?

1) n=2
2) k=1

==> In the original condition, there are 2 variables, and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 2 equations. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), C is most likely to be the answer. By solving con 1) and con 2), you get n+k=2+1=3 and n=2, and GCD(3,2)=1, hence it is unique and sufficient. Therefore, the answer is C. However, this is an integer question, one of the key questions, so you apply CMT 4 (A: if you get C too easily, consider A or B).
For con 1), k is unknown hence it is not sufficient.
For con 2), if k=1, n+k(=n+1) and n becomes 2 consecutive integers, so always GCD=1, hence it is unique and sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B, not C.
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Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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If x+z=y, is x>y?

1) y>0
2) z<0

==> If you modify the original condition and the question, you get x>y?, x-y>0? Or –z>0? Or z<0?. Thus, from con 2), it is always yes and sufficient.

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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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If x and y are positive, is (y/x)+(x/y)>2?

1) x>y
2) x>1>y

==> If you modify the original condition and the question, even if you multiply xy on both sides, you get xy>0, hence the inequality sign doesn’t change. Thus, you get is (y/x)+(x/y)>2?, or $$y^2+x^2>2xy$$?, or $$y^2+x^2-2xy>0$$?, or $$(x-y)^2>0?$$, or x≠y?. From con 1) = con 2), it is always yes and sufficient.

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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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Is $$x^2>y^2$$?

1) x+y=2
2) x>y

==> If you modify the original condition and the question, you get$$x^2>y^2$$??, or$$x^2-y^2$$?0?, or (x-y)(x+y)>0?. There are 2 variables (x,y) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 2 equations. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), C is most likely to be the answer. By solving con 1) and con 2), you get x+y>2 and x-y>0, hence yes, it is always sufficient.

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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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Which of the $$\frac{1}{x}$$, $$x$$, $$x^2$$ is the greatest value?

1) x<1
2) x>0

==> If you modify the original condition and the question,
When x>1, you get $$\frac{1}{x}<1<\sqrt{x}<x<x^2$$.
When 0<x<1, you get $$x^2<x<\sqrt{x}<1<\frac{1}{x}$$. In other words, when
0<x<1, $$\frac{1}{x}$$ is always the greatest and unique.

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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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If x is a prime number, what is the number of factors of 75x?

1) $$x^2$$ has 3 factors
2) x>5

==> When the words “factors” and “prime factors” are included in the question, you must consider the case when they are the same and when they are different. In other words, from $$75x=3^15^2x$$, if x≠3,5, the number of factors of 75x becomes (1+1)(2+1)(1+1)=12. Then, if you look at con 2), it is x>5, hence you always get x≠3,5. Thus, the number of factors of 75x is 12, hence it is sufficient.

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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8141
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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There are a lot of products. Is the standard deviation of the prices of the products less than $60? 1) The median value of their price is$100
2) The range of their price is $110 ==> If you modify the original condition and the question, you get standard deviation(d)≤range/2. Then, from d≤range/2=$110/2=$55<$60, it is always yes and sufficient.

_________________ Re: Math Revolution Approach (DS)   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2017, 02:46

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# Math Revolution Approach (DS)

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