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One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild

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One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2015, 08:47
2
8
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A
B
C
D
E

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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

63% (01:53) correct 37% (01:50) wrong based on 450 sessions

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One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild elephants directly at the Roman armies, trampling infantry and inducing disarray in the ranks, but Scipio's successful counterstrategy was to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing the elephants behind his ranks.

A) to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing
B) to command his men in parting, creating channels that allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
C) commanding his men to part, creating channels allowing the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
D) commanding that his men should part, creating channels to allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
E) commanding his men to part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing

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Re: One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2015, 21:54
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A) to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing --- Charging and to command are unparallel
B) to command his men in parting, creating channels that allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill --- same as in A
C) commanding his men to part, creating channels allowing the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill ---- the correct answer
D) commanding that his men should part, creating channels to allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill -- ‘commanding’ , a mandatory order cannot go with ‘should’ a recommendatory word
E) commanding his men to part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing --- them is ambiguous; whether it is referring to the men or the channels; then an object cannot take on the role of a subject ( they)
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Re: One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2015, 06:40
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A) to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing
B) to command his men in parting, creating channels that allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
C) commanding his men to part, creating channels allowing the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
D) commanding that his men should part, creating channels to allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
E) commanding his men to part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing

A+B: infinitive (to command) is not parallel to "charging"
C: "Commanding to part" is parallel to "to kill"
D: "Commanding that" is not parallel to "to kill"
E: "Commanding to part" is not parallel to "killing"

Therefore, the answer is C
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One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2017, 13:07
A) to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing
B) to command his men in parting, creating channels that allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
C) commanding his men to part, creating channels allowing the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
D) commanding that his men should part, creating channels to allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
E) commanding his men to part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing


A and B are out because of parallelism (was charging:was commanding)


The word command needs subjunctive "to". So D is out
E is out for parallelism which is highlighted above

C is the correct answer

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Re: One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2017, 20:10
One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild elephants directly at the Roman armies, trampling infantry and inducing disarray in the ranks, but Scipio's successful counterstrategy was to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing the elephants behind his ranks.

A) to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing to command is not parallel
B) to command his men in parting, creating channels that allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill same as A
C) commanding his men to part, creating channels allowing the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill correct
D) commanding that his men should part, creating channels to allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill command and should can not go together
E) commanding his men to part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing
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One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2017, 12:49
One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild elephants directly at the Roman armies, trampling infantry and inducing disarray in the ranks, but Scipio's successful counterstrategy was to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing the elephants behind his ranks.

A) to command that his men should part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing
B) to command his men in parting, creating channels that allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
C) commanding his men to part, creating channels allowing the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
D) commanding that his men should part, creating channels to allow the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill
E) commanding his men to part, creating channels that allowed the elephants simply to pass through, with them killing

Imo C it has all the parallel elements .

Option A has multiple errors them is ambiguous.Charging and to command are not parallel.
Option B again has the same error to command
Option D Should can not be used in a sentence which has commanding verb.
Option E has them which is ambiguous.
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Re: One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 23:26

Official Explanation


This one is tricky because it involves parallelism at a couple different levels. First of all, we are comparing Hannibal's vs. Scipio's approach. Hannibal's technique was "charging", so we suspect Scipio's counterstrategy would be parallel to this: "commanding", not "to command." This makes us suspicious of (A) & (B). If there were no parallelism to consider, the use of the infinitive in this context would be a perfectly correct construction.


After the word command/commanding, the most natural idiom is an infinitive:to command B to do X. The "that"-clause structure here, "that his men should part", is very awkward, and does not fit. Because of this, we reject (A) & (D).

The structure "with them killing" is 100% wrong. In general, the GMAT hates "with" + [noun] + [participle] to encapsulate action. If we want to talk about action, we need to use a full bona fide verb. This structure appears in both (A).

We know that Scipio is commanding his men to do something: what is he commanding them to do? He is commanding two things: (a) to part, and (b) to kill the elephants. These two actions need to be in parallel as well. Furthermore, the correction idiom is "command" + [infinitive], while the construction "command" + [gerund] is 100% wrong. Choice (C) correctly has two infinitives, "to part" and "to kill". Choice (C) is the only answer that has correct parallelism on both levels, so this is the only possible answer. (C) is correct.

Both (D) and (E) lose the important distinction between the two things that Scipio commanded: to part and to kill. Instead, (D) and (E) both create a list of participles and in doing so Scipio is commanding only that his men part, a major change in meaning. Remember, parallelism is not automatically correct especially when it entails a major change in meaning.
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Re: One of Hannibal's successful battle techniques was charging wild   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2018, 23:26
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