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# Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most

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Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2005, 09:58
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Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of America's most enduring writers and a key figure in the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s, will have published hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.

A. will have published hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
B. is publishing hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
C. would have published hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
D. will publish hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
E. would publish hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
If you have any questions
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28 Dec 2005, 10:34

C, D, E are all subjunctive moods that take different tenses.

B is awkward
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28 Dec 2005, 10:40
My pick : "C"

A - "will have published" is future perfect tense ... used to indicate some action will be completed in the future. Clearly, in this case we are looking at hughes 65 year life span (that is past tense). I believe future perfect is incorrect

B - "is publishing" is present tense. It does not go with an action has taken place in the past

C - correct past tense - "would have published"

D - will publish - future tense - incorrect

E - would publish - future tense - incorrect
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28 Dec 2005, 12:58
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I think E is the best. The use of the condition is correct in this sentence.
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28 Dec 2005, 18:09
Wierd sentence. C seems to be best.
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28 Dec 2005, 20:04
Definite C. C is the most idiomatic...Hughes would have published
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29 Dec 2005, 09:49
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well.. the OA is E.

The best answer is E. Choices A, B and D use tenses that can only be used for the living. Hughes, the subject of the sentence, is deceased, as is evidenced by the sentence. Choice C sets up a condition would have published... but the condition is then not specified.
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2012, 09:00
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Straight E. That answer option uses the right tense to indicate that something that has already happened, is being anticipated to occur as if it hasn't happened. The word "would" fulfills this bill.

Cheers.

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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2012, 23:36
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To understand this topic in its right perspective, please travel with me to the beginning of the Hughes’s life-span of 65 years and look at the events from there
A. 65 years is deep in the past and hence we need a past tense related verb and the use of will have published, a future perfect tense is inappropriate.
B. Is publishing is also wrong for the same reasons as in A
C. Would have published is sheer speculation as though, a correct count could not be taken even at the end of the 65- year tenure. incorrect
D. Will publish does not go well with the pastness
E. Would publish gives the picture of a report, because, starting from the beginning, the tense indicates a factual factor. correct choice
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2012, 14:00
daagh

can you tell me what makes option C wrong. The only difference is "would have" and "would". Please explain in detail
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 03:11
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Here the text wants to assert that Hughes has published a certain number of things. ‘Would publish’, a past future tense of ‘will publish’ does that job neatly. On the contrary, ‘would have published’ leaves us with an uncertainty whether he did publish at all so many. This element of speculation makes C inferior.
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 03:24
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over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of America's most enduring writers and a key figure in the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s, will have published hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.

A. will have published hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
B. is publishing hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
C. would have published hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
D. will publish hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.
E. would publish hundreds of poems, plus novels, short stories, autobiographies, librettos, essays and children's books.

lets start the elimination process. A - Can not because will have denotes something in the future but sentence
says -Over his 65 years - means the its about past tense.
So - Eliminate B and D.

Now Out of C & E, E is a conditional sentence - Would publish.... that can be said for future work as well. So only Option left is C and that is the best answer.
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 07:34
Hai , daagh

thanks, i got your point. Can you suggest any material or website that covers this topic. I am not aware with all wordings like "would".
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 08:39
Google for modal verbs, among which would is one. Many sites have writings on the use of would, acting as a future tense of will in indirect speech, and as a subjunctive mood auxiliary verb in hypothetical cases.
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2013, 19:31
what is the difficulty lvl of this question? 600? 650?
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2013, 22:24
OK...
learning is a conditional sentence should be avoided...
I was not aware of that..

I had confusion between c and E...

But, since E is OA...i accept!
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2013, 11:03
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rohitgupta86 wrote:
OK...
learning is a conditional sentence should be avoided...
I was not aware of that..

I had confusion between c and E...

But, since E is OA...i accept!

Guys, remember simple logic

In problems of this type -
Past goes with conditional -ALWAYS
present goes with future - ALWAYS

Past + future - ALWAYS WRONG
Present + conditional - ALWAYS WRONG

Coming to current problem, first part is in past. Hence next part should be conditional
Here, both WOULD HAVE and WOULD are conditional
Yet there is a difference:
Would have is used for the past which never happened. Eg- if John had eaten pizza yesterday, he would have fell ill.
Note here that John didn't eat pizza in fact.

Would is used when we know it has happened, as in present case. John, who ate pizza yesterday, would become ill. Here it's past+conditional.

Hope it's clear.

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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 16:46
Can someone help explain to me what sentence E means? To me, I understand C, which requires an If, for example, "If Hughes, one of America's most enduring writers and a key figure in the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920's, had lived 65 years, he would have published.... Meaning that he did not publish the poems, but if he lived that long he would have.

As for E, I'm confused with the actual meaning of the sentence. It's using the hypothetical would, but it's written like the sentence is stating a fact. As a native English speaker, I've never heard this tense used before. Wouldn't it be better said "...Hughes published hundreds of poems, plus novels,..." ? Which says that he actually did the act.

In Manhattan GMAT sentence correction, it gives this example:

If Sophie ate pizza tomorrow, then she would become ill.
If some hypothetical action, she would...

And this

If Sophie had eaten Pizza yesterday, then she would have become ill.
If past perfect (didn't happen), then hypothetical.

To me, E is completely different to either of these examples. If someone could expand on the meaning of E, that would be great.

Thanks
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2013, 04:01
IMO ans is C.

Would is used for assumption,hypothetical situations. C & E remaining. Out of the two only C seems correct.
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Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2013, 04:07
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There is big confusion between C and E.

As per the intended meaning: There are some works that Hughes did repeatedly in his 65-years of life span.

Would Vs Would have:
C: Hughes would have published X, Y, Z.
Means If something had happened Hughes would have published. This is not the author wants to convey.

E: Hughes would publish X,Y,Z.
Means: In his life span of 65 years Hughes published X,Y,Z repeatedly.
Supporting Doc: "Would" is most commonly used to create conditional verb forms. It also serves as the past form of the modal verb "will." Additionally, "would" can indicate repetition in the past.
Examples:
If he were an actor, he would be in adventure movies. conditional
I knew that she would be very successful in her career. past of "will"
When they first met, they would always have picnics on the beach. repetition

So choice E.
Re: Over his 65-year life span, Hughes, one of Americas most   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2013, 04:07

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