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People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence accord

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New post Updated on: 22 Nov 2018, 03:38
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People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.

It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?


(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.

(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.

(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.

(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.

(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.


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Originally posted by acer2knight on 25 Jun 2009, 23:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 22 Nov 2018, 03:38, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence accord  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2009, 01:00
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acer2knight wrote:
7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
Out of scope
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
Headlines and coverage I think are different, so can't be sure.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
News headlines (more local news) ==>attention of the readers for more local crimes==>estimate more likely to occur crimes in the local area. As this option suggets.

(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
Personal experience is not mentioned in the stimuli.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.
This is an assumption needed, but can't be just concluded from 2 premises. Though need more clarity on it. Anyone?


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New post 27 Jun 2009, 14:10
acer2knight wrote:
7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.


I would say (C). From what we know, perceived likelihood of occurrence is caused by two variables: strength of coverage, & frequency of coverage. Right now, we know that newspapers' coverage of local crime is stronger than that of non-local crime, nothing is said about frequency of coverage, so we can't assume anything about it. However, all else being equal, we can assume that people tend to think the quantity of local crime outnumbers that of non-local crimes.

A - This is a value judgment that is way out of scope.
B - No, local CRIME is covered more than int'l events, not local events. Crime (hopefully) isn't the only event.
D - Out of scope, this is a comparison of local crime coverage Vs. other events & non-local crimes. Something can be local, but it might not be personal.
E - The original info is a comparison between what the press covers, it is not a comparison of the press to other mediums of information, which this choice suggests.
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New post 24 Dec 2011, 08:04
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C is the right answer.
E uses extreme language. While it may be true that the press focuses people's attention most strongly on local crimes, it may not necessarily be so. This is not mandatory. Hence E is out.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence accord  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 21:56
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Yes, you are right. The word mentioned in the argument is that newspapers "emphasize" local events. The papers might cover other events but the emphasis is more on local events. So "B" is out because of the word "coverage".
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New post 22 Nov 2018, 03:31
acer2knight wrote:

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People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.

It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?

(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.



Bunuel , gmat1393 the wording of the highlighted part of the text i think is erroneous. it must be at least by placement of headlines

bb , generis dont you think there is mistake in this question ? :? If the first sentense puts an emphasis on "frequency being noticible" then second sentence must begin with " By placement OF headlines" and not "by placement and headlines"? Moreover is it gramatically correct to write "by placement" in isolation? by placement of what ? its prepositional phrase that must have a noun :grin: :lol:
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New post 02 Mar 2019, 07:48
generis VeritasKarishma GMATNinja

I marked D as answer.However, the answer is C.

My thoughts:-

Quote:
The likelihood of any event,according to people, is determined by 2 factors:-

1.How strong the event is .
2.Frequency of occurrence.


Newspapers put more emphasis on local crime stories than on crime stories elsewhere.

Firstly, I think this is an inference question? Correct me if I am wrong.

Quote:
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.


Secondly option C puts the onus on readers and says that readers overestimate local crimes.

But this is not what the argument is saying.

Quote:
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.


Option D seems to echo the thoughts presented in the question.

Please help
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New post 13 Mar 2019, 06:04
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warrior1991 wrote:
generis VeritasKarishma GMATNinja

I marked D as answer.However, the answer is C.

My thoughts:-

Quote:
The likelihood of any event,according to people, is determined by 2 factors:-

1.How strong the event is .
2.Frequency of occurrence.


Newspapers put more emphasis on local crime stories than on crime stories elsewhere.

Firstly, I think this is an inference question? Correct me if I am wrong.

Quote:
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.


Secondly option C puts the onus on readers and says that readers overestimate local crimes.

But this is not what the argument is saying.

Quote:
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.


Option D seems to echo the thoughts presented in the question.

Please help

Take another look at exactly how the passage defines "salience": "how strongly and how often [an event] comes to [one's] attention." This is very different than saying that the likelihood of an event is dependent on the factors you mentioned in your analysis -- instead of looking objectively at "how strong an event is" or its "frequency of occurrence," people are influenced by how strongly and often something is brought to their attention.

Newspapers "emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events." So, newspapers call the attention of readers to certain stories over others, which will in turn impact the readers' estimate of how likely those events are to occur.

Based on this understanding, let's take another look at the question:
Quote:
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?

So, we are looking for an answer statement that "can be concluded" from the information in the passage.

Quote:
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.

From the passage, we know that "newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere," and that people estimate the likelihood of something occurring based on "how strongly and how often it comes to their attention." So, we can properly conclude that readers of local papers will have local crime brought to their attention more, and thus will tend to overestimate local crime relative to crime in other areas.

(C) is correct.

Now look again at (D):
Quote:
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.

The passage tells us how salience affects people's estimate of the likelihood of an event, and then provides information about how newspapers emphasize certain stories over others. We do not have any information about how the salience of "personal experiences" stacks up against the salience of newspaper stories -- so we cannot conclude that (D) is true based on the information in the passage. (D) is out.

I hope that helps!
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New post 13 Mar 2019, 19:17
GMATNinja Thank you . I can relate option C to the argument.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence accord  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2019, 00:32
acer2knight wrote:
People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.

It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?


(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.

(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.

(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.

(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.

(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.


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People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.

So the argument says that people connect "likelihood of an event's occurrence" with "how strongly and often it comes to their attention".
So more they hear about it, more it seems likely to happen.

Which of the following is probably true too?

(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
Irrelevant. Nothing is said about the language in which event appears in the newspaper.

(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
Local crimes are favoured over other major events. We don't know anything about local events.

(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.

Since local crimes are given more "FaceTime" so to say, in people's mind, likelihood of their occurrence would be higher than crime in other places. Hence this is probably true too.

(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.

Personal experiences are irrelevant. Past personal experiences needn't come to people's attention again and again. The whole argument is about what comes to their attention more often.

(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.
We don't know about other mediums. Newspapers are given just as an example.

Answer (C)
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence accord   [#permalink] 14 Mar 2019, 00:32
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