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# Poor weather in early 14th-century Europe created meager

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Poor weather in early 14th-century Europe created meager [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2012, 04:31
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Poor weather in early 14th-century Europe created meager harvests, causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as 15 percent of the population.

(a) causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and the elimination as many as
(b) causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and eliminating as much as
(c) resulting in mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as much as
(d) and resulted in mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as
(e) causing mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as

[Reveal] Spoiler:
There are two errors in the original sentence. First, the expression “causing the result of” is nonsensical; it is impossible for something “to cause the result of” something else. Either “an event causes an effect,” “an event results in an effect,” or “an effect is the result of an event.” Second, the expression “as many as” refers to a portion of the “population,” which is an uncountable noun (i.e., one cannot say “one population, two population”); hence, the correct expression here is “as much as” rather than “as many as.”

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The expression “causing the result of” is nonsensical; it is impossible for something “to cause the result of” something else. This choice does correctly use "as much as" rather than “as many as” to refer to the unquantifiable noun "population."

(C) CORRECT. This choice correctly uses the expression “as much as” rather than “as many as” to refer to the uncountable noun “population.” In addition, this choice uses the grammatical form “Poor weather … created meager harvests resulting in X and Y” where the entire phrase beginning with “resulting” directly modifies “harvests,” and where X, “mass starvation … ,” and Y, “the elimination of … ” are parallel to each
other in structure.

(D) The expression “as many as” refers to a portion of the “population,” which is an uncountable noun; hence, the correct expression here is “as much as” rather than “as many as.” In addition, the construction “Poor weather…created meager harvests… and resulted in mass starvation …” changes the meaning of the sentence slightly by asserting that the poor weather, rather than the meager harvests, was the direct cause of the starvation and the elimination of some of the population.

(E) The expression “as many as” refers to a portion of the “population,” which is an uncountable noun; hence, the correct expression here is “as much as” rather than “as many as.”
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Poor weather in early 14th-century [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2012, 06:00
kingb wrote:
Poor weather in early 14th-century Europe created meager harvests, causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as 15 percent of the population.

(a) causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and the elimination as many as
(b) causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and eliminating as much as
(c) resulting in mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as much as
(d) and resulted in mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as
(e) causing mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as

Hi kingb,

"causing the result" is redundant. Either "causing" or "resulting in" is to be used... Thus we can straightaway eliminate A, B.

In D, there is an "and" after comma, which is incorrect. Now analyze C and E.

The difference between C and E is "as many as" vs "as much as". We are talking about a percent, not countable. Hence "as much as" is better in this sentence. C is the right choice.
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Re: Poor weather in early 14th-century [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2012, 06:07
I will go with C - correct Participle modifier - resulting in - which modifies the complete Non-underlined part and correct comparison - as much as.

causing the result of - is Incorrect in A and B.
(D) continues the List by using "and" thrice -created X, and resulted in Y and the elimination of Z....
(E) InCorrect expression - as many as - because population is uncountable and many is used for countable nouns.

kingb wrote:
Poor weather in early 14th-century Europe created meager harvests, causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as 15 percent of the population.

(a) causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and the elimination as many as
(b) causing the result of mass starvation in some areas and eliminating as much as
(c) resulting in mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as much as
(d) and resulted in mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as
(e) causing mass starvation in some areas and the elimination of as many as

[Reveal] Spoiler:
There are two errors in the original sentence. First, the expression “causing the result of” is nonsensical; it is impossible for something “to cause the result of” something else. Either “an event causes an effect,” “an event results in an effect,” or “an effect is the result of an event.” Second, the expression “as many as” refers to a portion of the “population,” which is an uncountable noun (i.e., one cannot say “one population, two population”); hence, the correct expression here is “as much as” rather than “as many as.”

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The expression “causing the result of” is nonsensical; it is impossible for something “to cause the result of” something else. This choice does correctly use "as much as" rather than “as many as” to refer to the unquantifiable noun "population."

(C) CORRECT. This choice correctly uses the expression “as much as” rather than “as many as” to refer to the uncountable noun “population.” In addition, this choice uses the grammatical form “Poor weather … created meager harvests resulting in X and Y” where the entire phrase beginning with “resulting” directly modifies “harvests,” and where X, “mass starvation … ,” and Y, “the elimination of … ” are parallel to each
other in structure.

(D) The expression “as many as” refers to a portion of the “population,” which is an uncountable noun; hence, the correct expression here is “as much as” rather than “as many as.” In addition, the construction “Poor weather…created meager harvests… and resulted in mass starvation …” changes the meaning of the sentence slightly by asserting that the poor weather, rather than the meager harvests, was the direct cause of the starvation and the elimination of some of the population.

(E) The expression “as many as” refers to a portion of the “population,” which is an uncountable noun; hence, the correct expression here is “as much as” rather than “as many as.”

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Re: Poor weather in early 14th-century Europe created meager [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2017, 02:38
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Poor weather in early 14th-century Europe created meager   [#permalink] 22 Apr 2017, 02:38
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# Poor weather in early 14th-century Europe created meager

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