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Private ownership of services traditionally considered to be the

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Joined: 09 Jan 2018
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Concentration: Finance, Technology
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Private ownership of services traditionally considered to be the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2018, 22:32
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (01:04) correct 21% (01:21) wrong based on 85 sessions

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Private ownership of services traditionally considered to be the responsibility of the government will typically improve those services. The turnpike system in the United States of the nineteenth century demonstrates the truth of this principle; the system, which had previously been controlled by the government, became a more reliable system when taken over by private organizations.

Which of the following describes a significant flaw in the argument?

A. The author defends the conclusion by appealing to a person of authority.
B. The author distorts an opposing view in trying to show its weaknesses.
C. The author attacks what the author perceives as a wrong action by pointing out another perceived wrong action.
D. The author generalizes from a sample not representative enough to establish the conclusion.
E. The author attributes two very different meanings to the same word.

Spoiler: :: OE
D is the correct answer. One instance where private ownership of services traditionally
controlled by the government leads to a more reliable system constitutes insufficient evidence
to demonstrate the truth of the general principle that private ownership of such services
typically improves those services. No reason is given to believe that what was true of the
turnpike system must also be true of such governmental services in general.
A is not the correct answer. The author makes no reference to a person of authority in the
argument. B is incorrect. The author mentions no other opposing point of view in the argument.
A generalization is expressed in the first sentence, and an attempt is made to support that
generalization in second sentence. The third choice is incorrect. The author makes no
judgment of right or wrong actions in the argument. The author only attempts to support a
point of view concerning the improvement of services usually thought to be the responsibility
of the government. E is also incorrect. There is no evidence within the argument that the
author is attributing two different meanings to the same word.
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New post 08 Jun 2018, 00:15
A. The author defends the conclusion by appealing to a person of authority. - Nowhere is he appealing to a person of authority and defending the conclusion. Not really inline with the argument.

B. The author distorts an opposing view in trying to show its weaknesses. - Clearly incorrect. Weakness ??...

C. The author attacks what the author perceives as a wrong action by pointing out another perceived wrong action. - Incorrect.

D. The author generalizes from a sample not representative enough to establish the conclusion. - Yes, he just refers to a single example of the turnpike system and draws a general conclusion, which is obviously inappropriate.

E. The author attributes two very different meanings to the same word. - Which word ?? ....Incorrect.

Hence, D is best. IMO D.
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New post 08 Jun 2018, 04:23
1. The author does no such Thing
2. No opposing view is directly mentioned in the Paragraph
3. Somehwhat similar to Point two, no other idea is mentioned or attacked

4. The author provides a single, specific example in the past and generalizes that the conclusion is valid for every comparision of governmental/private ownership today.
This represents the main flaw in argument stated in the given passage


5. This conclusion is also in no way supported by the paragraph
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New post 08 Jun 2018, 08:52
Certainly the answer has to be (C) , as the The turnpike system which has been successful in the United States may not work in all cases.

Thus, simple generalisation is not effective, Answer has to be (C)
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New post 08 Jun 2018, 08:56
Abhishek009 wrote:
Certainly the answer has to be (C) , as the The turnpike system which has been successful in the United States may not work in all cases.

Thus, simple generalisation is not effective, Answer has to be (C)


I agree with your reasoning, however wouldnt that describtion fit better for answer D instead of C?
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New post 09 Jun 2018, 06:16
I posted the OE. (D) is the clear cut answer here. In (C), the author never attacks a perceived wrong action. The author points how to improve something, but never points out a glaring fault in the previous way of handling things. The author's use of 'improved' is not an attack. Thus, (D) is our winner
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Private ownership of services traditionally considered to be the &nbs [#permalink] 09 Jun 2018, 06:16
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